Dorothea of Bulgaria

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Dorothea of Bulgaria
Queen consort of Bosnia
Tenure 1377 – c. 1390
Died c. 1390
Spouse Tvrtko I of Bosnia
House Shishman dynasty
Father Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria
Mother Anna of Wallachia

Dorothea of Bulgaria (Serbo-Croatian: Doroteja/Доротеја; died in cca 1390) was the first Queen of Bosnia.

She was the daughter of Emperor Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria and his wife Anna of Wallachia.

Louis I, King of Hungary, retained her and her sister at the Hungarian court after her father was restored in 1370. Dorothea was placed in care of the queen, Elisabeth of Bosnia, and queen mother, Elisabeth of Poland.[1] Dorothea's sister died soon, while Dorothea herself fell in favour of the King.[2] King Louis I gave her in marriage to his cousin-in-law, ban Tvrtko I of Bosnia.[1]

Dorothea married ban Tvrtko I in Saint Ilija[2] (today's Ilinci, near Šid) on 8 December 1374[3] and became Banness of Bosnia. On 26 October 1377 her husband was crowned King and she took the title of Queen consort of Bosnia.

Queen Dorothea died shortly before 1390.[4] She may have had a son, the future Tvrtko II of Bosnia. Her husband planned to remarry, this time to a member of the House of Habsburg, but he died in 1391.


  1. ^ a b Mladen Ančić, Putanja klatna: Ugarsko-hrvatsko kraljevstvo i Bosna u XIV. stoljeću, Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, 1997
  2. ^ a b Vjekoslav Klaić i Trpimir Macan, Povijest Hrvata od najstarijih vremena do svršetka XIX stoljeća, Nakladni zavod MH, 1981
  3. ^ Vinko Foretić, Povijest Dubrovnika do 1808: dio. Od osnutka do 1526, Nakladni zavod MH, 1980
  4. ^ Krunoslav Draganović, Poviest hrvatskih zemalja Bosne i Hercegovine, Hrvatsko kulturno društvo "Napredak", 1942

Dorothea of Bulgaria
Royal titles
Preceded by
Elizabeth of Kujawia
Banness consort of Bosnia
Became Queen
New title Queen consort of Bosnia
26 October 1377–1390
Succeeded by
Jelena Gruba