Dorothy Davenport Reid in 1923
March 13, 1895|
|Died||October 12, 1977
|Parent(s)||Harry Davenport (1866–1949)
Alice Shepard (1864–1936)
Dorothy Davenport (March 13, 1895 – October 12, 1977) was an American actress, screenwriter, film director, and producer who appeared in silent film for Biograph Studios under the direction of D.W. Griffith.
Dorothy Davenport's family was well known in the theater. Her grandparents were Edward Loomis Davenport and Fanny Vining who were 19th-century character actors; their daughter and Dorothy's aunt, Fanny Davenport, was considered one of the great actresses of the time. Her father, Harry Davenport, was a Broadway star. With her background on the stage, she was in her early teens when she started playing bit parts in the fledgling film industry.
By the time she was 17, Davenport was a star at Universal. She was a horsewoman of distinction, and did many of her own stunts in films. While with Universal, she met a young actor named Wallace Reid; they married on October 13, 1913.
Davenport and Reid continued to work together as he directed and starred with her in two films per week for the next year. When Reid left Universal, Davenport also left films, only to return in 1916.
While filming on location in Oregon for The Valley of the Giants (1919), Wallace Reid was injured in a train wreck. As a remedy for the pain from this injury, studio doctors administered large doses of morphine to Reid to which he became addicted. Reid's health slowly grew worse over the next few years, and he died of the addiction in 1923. After Reid's death, Davenport and Thomas Ince co-produced the film Human Wreckage (1923) with James Kirkwood, Sr., Bessie Love and Lucille Ricksen, a film that dealt with the dangers of narcotics addiction.
Davenport took Human Wreckage on a roadshow engagement, followed up with another "social conscience" picture about excessive mother-love called Broken Laws in 1924, again billed as "Mrs. Wallace Reid" to capitalize on her husband's notorious death. She then produced The Red Kimona (1925) about white slavery. On screen she opens the film in 'silent' narration or prologue. The subject of the latter "true story" film were so obvious that Davenport was successfully sued by the woman it was based on.
She later directed Linda (1929), Sucker Money (1933), Road to Ruin (1934), and The Woman Condemned (1934), and worked as a producer, writer, and dialogue director. Among her last credits are co-author of the screenplay for Footsteps in the Fog (1955), and as dialogue director for The First Traveling Saleslady (1956) with Ginger Rogers.
Wallace Reid and she had two children. She was married to him until his death on January 18, 1923. She never remarried.
Dorothy Davenport died at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in 1977 in Woodland Hills, California. She is interred with her husband in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale.
|1910||Troublesome Baby, TheThe Troublesome Baby||Cast member|||
|1911||Best Man Wins, TheThe Best Man Wins||Cast member|||
|1912||His Only Son||Cast member|||
|1915||Explorer, TheThe Explorer||Lucy Allerton|||
|1915||Mr. Grex of Monte Carlo||Grand Duchess Feodora|||
|1915||Unknown, TheThe Unknown||Nancy Preston|||
|1916||Yoke of Gold, AA Yoke of Gold||Carmen|||
|1916||Devil's Bondwoman, TheThe Devil's Bondwoman||Beverly Hope|||
|1916||Barriers of Society||Martha Gorham|||
|1916||Doctor Neighbor||Hazel Rogers|||
|1916||Unattainable, TheThe Unattainable||Bessie Gale|||
|1916||Black Friday||Elinor Rossitor|||
|1916||Way of the World, TheThe Way of the World||Beatrice Farley|||
|1917||Squaw Man's Son, TheThe Squaw Man's Son||Edith, Lady Effington|||
|1917||Girl and the Crisis, TheThe Girl and the Crisis||Ellen Wilmot|||
|1917||Mothers of Men||Clara Madison|||
|1917||Scarlet Crystal, TheThe Scarlet Crystal||Marie Delys|||
|1920||Fighting Chance, TheThe Fighting Chance||Leila Mortimer|||
|1921||Every Woman's Problem||Clara Madison|||
|1922||Masked Avenger, TheThe Masked Avenger||Valerie Putnam||as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1923||Human Wreckage||Ethel MacFarland||as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1924||Broken Laws||Joan Allen||as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1925||Red Kimono, TheThe Red Kimono||Herself||Prologue, as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1926||Earth Woman, TheThe Earth Woman||Producer, as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1927||Satin Woman, TheThe Satin Woman||Mrs. Jean Taylor||as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1928||Hell Ship Bronson||Mrs. Bronson||as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1929||Linda||Director, as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1926||Dude Wrangler, TheThe Dude Wrangler||Producer, as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1932||Racing Strain, TheThe Racing Strain||Writer (story), as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1933||Man Hunt||Mrs. Scott||as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1933||Sucker Money||Co-director, as Dorothy Reid|
|1934||Road to Ruin, TheThe Road to Ruin||Mrs. Merrill||Also director and writer (story), as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1934||Woman Condemned, TheThe Woman Condemned||Director, as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1935||Honeymoon, Limited||Producer and screenwriter, as Dorothy Reid|
|1935||Two Sinners||Story supervisor, as Mrs. Wallace Reid|
|1935||Women Must Dress||Writer (story and screenplay), as Dorothy Reid|
|1936||House of a Thousand Candles, TheThe House of a Thousand Candles||Producer, as Dorothy Reid|
|1937||Paradise Isle||Producer, as Dorothy Reid|
|1937||Bride for Henry, AA Bride for Henry||Producer, as Dorothy Reid|
|1938||Prison Break||Screenwriter, as Dorothy Reid|
|1938||Rose of the Rio Grande||Producer, as Dorothy Reid|
|1940||Old Swimmin' Hole, TheThe Old Swimmin' Hole||Screenwriter, as Dorothy Reid|
|1947||Curley||Screenwriter, as Dorothy Reid|
|1948||Who Killed Doc Robbin||Screenwriter, as Dorothy Reid|
|1949||Impact||Screenwriter, as Dorothy Reid|
|1951||Rhubarb||Screenwriter, as Dorothy Reid|
|1952||It Grows on Trees||Dialogue coach, as Dorothy Reid|
|1954||Francis Covers the Big Town||Dialogue director, as Dorothy Reid|
|1955||Footsteps in the Fog||Screenwriter, as Dorothy Reid|
|1956||First Traveling Saleslady, TheThe First Traveling Saleslady||Dialogue supervisor, as Dorothy Reid|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- "Dorothy Davenport". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
- "Thomas Ricketts, Pioneer of Movies". The New York Times. January 21, 1939. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- Anderson, Mark Lynn (September 27, 2013). "Dorothy Davenport Reid". Women Film Pioneers Project. Center for Digital Research and Scholarship, Columbia University Libraries. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
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