Dorothy "Dot" Miles (19 August 1931 - 30 January 1993) was a poet and activist in the Deaf community. Throughout her life, she composed her poems in English, British Sign Language, and American Sign Language. Her work laid the foundations for modern sign language poetry in the US and UK. She is regarded as the pioneer of BSL poetry and her work influenced many contemporary Deaf poets.
Dorothy May Miles ne Squire was born 19 August 1931 in Holywell, Flintshire, North Wales, daughter of James and Amy Squire (née Brick). She was the youngest of five surviving children. In 1939 she contracted cerebrospinal meningitis which left her deaf. She was educated at the Royal School for the Deaf and the Mary Hare School. In 1957, at the age of 25, she went to America to take up a place at Gallaudet College, sponsored in part by the British Deaf and Dumb Association. During her time at the college she became the first member of a junior class to be a member of the Gallaudet Phi Alpha Pi honour society, was in the 1961 edition of "Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities", edited the student magazines and won prizes for both her prose writing and poetry and for acting. Some of her work was published in "The Silent Muse", an anthology of selected writings by deaf authors of the last 100 years. She also wrote the Bison's song. She married a fellow student, Robert Thomas Miles in September 1958. They separated in 1959. She graduated in 1961 receiving a BA with distinction.She worked in the USA as a teacher and counsellor for deaf adults. In 1967, she joined the newly founded National Theatre of the Deaf and began to create sign language poetry that deaf people - as well as hearing people – could appreciate.
In 1975, Dot left the NTD to work with the campus service for the deaf at California State University, Northridge. She returned to live in England in the autumn of 1977, after twenty years in America. Dot was soon involved in the National Union of the Deaf's Open Door (BBC TV) pioneering television programme (in which she performed her poem Language for the Eye) and was involved in discussions that led to the See Hear television series. She took work with the British Deaf Association, working on various projects. She compiled the first teaching manual for BSL tutors and became involved in setting up the Council for the Advancement of Communication with Deaf People(CACDP). She also worked on the BDA dictionary. For a while she worked as a self-employed writer, lecturer and performer, becoming involved in promotion of sign language teaching and training of tutors and deaf theatre. She was involved in setting up and then teaching on the British Sign Language Tutor Training Course - the first university course for training deaf people to become BSL tutors. She also wrote the best-selling BBC book BSL - A beginner's guide, which was published to complement the television series.
By the early 1990s, Dot was a key figure in the British Deaf Community. She died on January 30, 1993 when she fell from the window of her second floor flat. The inquest at St Pancras Coroners Court concluded that she took her own life while depressed.
Dorothy Miles is regarded as a key figure in the literary heritage of sign language and the Deaf community. It has been suggested that she is the source of most of the sign language poetry performed today. She was passionate about Deaf issues, culture and sign language and longed to bridge the gap between Deaf and hearing people. The Dorothy Miles Cultural Centre was established by a group of both Deaf and hearing friends in her memory. She features as one of a series of portraits of notable Deaf artists painted by Nancy Rourke.
- "University of Bristol Graduate School of Education". Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- "Gallaudet University".
- Sutton-Spence, Rachel. "Dorothy Miles" (PDF). European Cultural Heritage Online (ECHO),. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- Dictionary of British Sign Language.Compiled by the British Deaf Association. Faber and Faber. 1993. ISBN 978-0-571-14346-7.
- Miles, Dorothy (1998). British Sign Language: a beginners guide. BBC Books/Open University. ISBN 978-0-563-21134-1.
- "Dorothy Miles Cultural Centre". Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- "Nancy Rourke". Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- British Sign Language: A Beginner's Guide Produced to accompany the BBC Television series, British Sign Language. It has a Foreword by HRH The Princess of Wales.
- Bright Memory Dorothy Miles (British Deaf History Society, Doncaster, July 27, 1998) ISBN 1-902427-02-5
- Gestures: Poetry in Sign Language Dorothy Miles (Paperback) (December 1, 1976)
- Joyce Media ISBN 0-917002-12-1