Dorrit Dekk

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Dorrit Dekk
Born(1917-05-18)18 May 1917
Brno, Margraviate of Moravia
Died29 December 2014(2014-12-29) (aged 97)
NationalityCzech-born British
Education
Known forGraphic design

Dorrit Dekk, born Dorothy Karoline Fuhrmann, (18 May 1917 – 29 December 2014) was a Czech-born British graphic designer, printmaker and painter.

Early life[edit]

Dekk was born in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia[1] and trained at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Vienna from 1936 to 1938. There she was taught by the stage designer Otto Niedermoser and contributed to designs for the theatre and for film director Max Reinhardt.[2] Following the Anschluss in 1938, Dekk escaped to London, where she took up a place at the Reimann School through a scholarship arranged by Niedermoser and specialised in graphic design.

Career[edit]

Join the Mobile Labour Force (Art.IWM PST13971)

Following the closure of the Reimann School in 1939, Dekk joined the Women's Royal Naval Service (WRNS) and as a linguist became a radio intelligence officer listening to U-boat communications.[3][4]. As a Y-station 'listener', she intercepted coded messages sent to German naval forces with her hand-written transcripts then being sent to Bletchley Park for deciphering.[5][6] At the end of the war, she joined the design studio of what was to become the Central Office of Information, working under Reginald Mount. During her two and a half years, she designed numerous government posters, including the iconic Ministry of Health's poster Trap the Germs in Your Handkerchief.[7] Dekk also designed posters for the Ministry of Works post-war re-building programme and for the Polish Resettlement Corps.[8]

Dekk left the Central Office of Information in 1948 to spend a year in Cape Town, where she worked as a stage designer and illustrator.[9] Dekk returned to London in 1950 and established herself as a freelance designer. Her clients included Air France, the Orient Shipping Line (latterly P&O Orient Line), the Post Office Savings Bank, Trust House Forte, Penguin, The Tatler and London Transport.[6] She also worked as a designer for the Travelling Section of the Festival of Britain, creating the mural 'British Sports and Games'.[10] In 1956, she became a Fellow of the Society of Industrial Artists.[7]

She retired from her graphic design practice in 1982, but continued to work as a painter and printmaker right up until her death in December 2014.[1]

Personal life[edit]

In 1940, she married Leonard Klatzow, a South African physicist. He had a key role in the invention of the cathode-ray tube and infrared night vision for the navy. He died in 1942, following a plane crash.[1] In 1968, she married Kurt Epstein and they remained together until his death in 1990.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Naomi Games (7 January 2015). "Dorrit Dekk obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  2. ^ Artmonsky, 93
  3. ^ '[1] 'Art Newhall'
  4. ^ [2] U-Bot,
  5. ^ Artmonsky, 95.
  6. ^ a b "Poster Girls exhibition showcases forgotten design heroines". BBC News. 13 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  7. ^ a b Artmonsky, 96.
  8. ^ Richard Slocombe (2014). British Posters of the Second World War. Imperial War Museum. ISBN 978-1-904897-92-7.
  9. ^ David Buckman (1998). Artists in Britain Since 1945 Vol 1, A to L. Art Dictionaries Ltd. ISBN 0 95326 095 X.
  10. ^ 'Dorrit Dekk' on the London Transport Museum's website. Date accessed: 4 February 2014.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]