Dorycnium pentaphyllum

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Dorycnium pentaphyllum
Dorycnium pentaphylum.jpg
Plants of Dorycnium pentaphyllum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Dorycnium
Species: D. pentaphyllum
Binomial name
Dorycnium pentaphyllum
  • Dorycnium hispanicum Samp.
  • Dorycnium suffruticosum Vill.

Dorycnium pentaphyllum, common names: prostrate Canary clover and badassi,[1] is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the genus Dorycnium of the family Fabaceae. The specific name pentaphyllum derives from the Greek pénte meaning "five" and phýllon meaning "leaf", referring to the shape of the leaves.


Dorycnium pentaphyllum reaches an average height of 10–70 centimetres (3.9–27.6 in). The stems and the branches are woody. The leaves are composed by five segments and are hairy on both sides. Flowers are small and white, in terminal umbels of 5–20 flowers on a short stalk. The flowering period extends from May until July. The fruits are ovoid reddish-brown legumes 3–6 millimetres (0.12–0.24 in) long containing one or two seeds.


Plant of Dorycnium pentaphyllum
Flowers of Dorycnium pentaphyllum
Flowers of Dorycnium pentaphyllum


Dorycnium pentaphyllum has a Mediterranean distribution.


These plants prefer semi-arid hills, sunny and dry pastures and Mediterranean environment and tolerates all soil types. They can be found at an altitude of 0–1,300 metres (0–4,265 ft).


  • Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. herbaceum (Vill.) Rouy
  • Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. suffruticosum (Vill.) Rouy
  • Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. pentaphyllum


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 25 January 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  • Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia - Edagricole – 1982

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