Dos Palos, California
|City of Dos Palos|
Location of Dos Palos in Merced County, California
|Incorporated||May 24, 1935|
|• Total||1.35 sq mi (3.49 km2)|
|• Land||1.35 sq mi (3.49 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||118 ft (36 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,886.58/sq mi (1,500.40/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||277604, 2410348|
Dos Palos (formerly Colony Center) is a city in Merced County, California, United States. Dos Palos is located 23 miles (37 km) south-southwest of Merced, at an elevation of 118 feet (36 m). The population was 4,950 at the 2010 census, up from 4,581 at the 2000 census.
Dos Palos is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 1.35 square miles (3.5 km2), all of it land.
In one of his expeditions during the 1820s along the west side of the San Joaquin Valley, explorer Gabriel Moraga reported the location of two large isolated poplar trees, which he called "Dos Palos." In 19th-century Spanish usage, "palos" was used to describe tall pole-like trees or "timbers". 21st-century usage often translates it as "sticks." The "Rancho Sanjon de Santa Rita" Mexican Land Grant cites "Los Dos Palos" or "The Two Trees" as a boundary marker. In 1891, former school superintendent Bernhard Marks convinced cattle ranch king Henry Miller to develop a small town nearby. They gave it the name "Dos Palos Colony" but pronounced it with their ethnic accents (Marks a Polish Jew and Miller an Alsation German) as "Dahce Palace." This pronunciation remained for over one hundred years until a recent Spanish pronunciation revival. Marks brought forty pioneer families west from Iowa and Nebraska to establish the community. In 1892, unable to find good water, many of the settlers left. Marks convinced Miller to establish another town two miles away on land unsuitable for farming and ranching due to swamps and unsettling soils. Some of the settlers relocated. This new town was named Colony Center, California. In 1906, Dos Palos Colony was renamed South Dos Palos and Colony Center was renamed Dos Palos. The Post Office was briefly misspelled as one word, "Dospalos" but this was changed within a year. About a dozen of the colony's original families still reside locally. Through the years, people from many other locations joined the community. Dos Palos incorporated in 1935.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Dos Palos had a population of 4,950. The population density was 3,667.3 people per square mile (1,416.0/km²). The racial makeup of Dos Palos was 3,377 (68.2%) White, 167 (3.4%) African American, 62 (1.3%) Native American, 37 (0.7%) Asian, 4 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,075 (21.7%) from other races, and 228 (4.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,075 persons (62.1%).
The Census reported that 4,922 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 28 (0.6%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,501 households, out of which 731 (48.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 816 (54.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 232 (15.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 130 (8.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 119 (7.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 7 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 261 households (17.4%) were made up of individuals and 116 (7.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.28. There were 1,178 families (78.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.69.
The population was spread out with 1,571 people (31.7%) under the age of 18, 532 people (10.7%) aged 18 to 24, 1,199 people (24.2%) aged 25 to 44, 1,114 people (22.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 534 people (10.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.
There were 1,700 housing units at an average density of 1,259.5 per square mile (486.3/km²), of which 929 (61.9%) were owner-occupied, and 572 (38.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.9%. 2,955 people (59.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,967 people (39.7%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,581 people, 1,424 households, and 1,116 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,075.7 people per square mile (1,187.1/km²). There were 1,491 housing units at an average density of 1,001.1 per square mile (386.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 39.80% White, 4.15% Black or African American, 1.38% Native American, 0.61% Asian.54.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,424 households out of which 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 18.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.20 and the average family size was 3.63.
In the city, the population was spread out with 34.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,147, and the median income for a family was $35,906. Males had a median income of $30,568 versus $20,960 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,163. About 19.1% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.9% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those aged 65 and over.
Members of the Dos Palos City Council serve four year terms. The 91st and current panel consists of:
- Mayor April Hogue, term ends November 17, 2020
- Mayor Pro Tem Joe Lerner, term ends November 17, 2020
- Councilmember Michael McGlynn, term ends November 17, 2020
- Councilmember Thomas Pigg, term ends November 15, 2022
- Councilmember Debbie Orlando, term ends November 15, 2022.
- Tony Coelho, former U.S. Congressman.
- Malcolm "Ike" Frankian, NFL football player with New York Giants, coach of Los Angeles Bulldogs, coach at Dos Palos High School.
- Gary George, former Oregon State Senator.
- Dave Henderson, MLB baseball outfielder for Oakland A's and four other teams.
- Shawn Hillegas, MLB baseball pitcher for Oakland A's and four other teams.
- Bill Jones, former California Secretary of State.
- Cody Martin, MLB pitcher for the Oakland A's and two other teams.
- Lloyd Stearman, aviation pioneer, developer of bi-plane, president of Lockheed.
- Daniel K. Whitehurst, Mayor of Fresno 1977-1985.
- Myron Joseph Cotta, Bishop, Diocese of Stockton 2018–present.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dos Palos, California
- "Dos Palos (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 25, 2019.
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 767. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 108.
- History of Dos Palos, Dos Palos Celebrates its Jubilee! The Dos Palos Sun, Dos Palos Publishing Co., 2010
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Dos Palos city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "California's 16th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
- "City Council". Dos Palos. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
- "Cody Martin Stats". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- City of Dos Palos archives