Douai Abbey

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Douai Abbey
Douai Abbey, geograph.jpg
Douai Abbey is located in Berkshire
Douai Abbey
Douai Abbey
Coordinates: 51°24′33″N 1°10′19″W / 51.409185°N 1.171846°W / 51.409185; -1.171846
OS grid referenceSU5770468214
LocationWoolhampton, Berkshire
CountryUnited Kingdom
DenominationRoman Catholic
Websitewww.douaiabbey.org.uk
History
StatusMonastery
Founded1615 (1615)
Founder(s)Dom Gabriel Gifford
DedicationSt Edmund the Martyr
Dedicated1933
Events1615 Founded in Paris

1818 Moved to Douai

1903 Moved to Woolhampton
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationGrade II*
Designated10 November 1980
Architect(s)J Arnold Crush
StyleGothic Revival
Groundbreaking1903
Completed1993
Administration
DeaneryWest Berkshire
DiocesePortsmouth
ProvinceSouthwark
Clergy
Bishop(s)Rt Rev Philip Egan
AbbotRt Rev Paul Gunter OSB

Douai Abbey is a Benedictine Abbey at Upper Woolhampton, near Thatcham, in the English county of Berkshire, situated within the Roman Catholic Diocese of Portsmouth. Monks from the monastery of St. Edmund's, in Douai, France, came to Woolhampton in 1903 when the community left France as a result of anti-clerical legislation. The abbey church is listed Grade II* on the National Heritage List for England.[1]

History[edit]

The community of St. Edmund was formed in Paris in 1615 by Dom Gabriel Gifford, later Archbishop of Rheims and primate of France. With his backing the community flourished. Expelled from Paris during the Revolution, the community took over the vacant buildings of the community of St Gregory's in Douai in 1818.

Amid the political upheavals caused by the Dreyfus affair around the turn of the 19th century, the French prime minister Waldeck-Rousseau introduced an anti-clerical Law of Associations (1901) that "severely curbed the influence of religious orders in France".[2] This led to the community being given the minor seminary of St. Mary in Woolhampton by Bishop Cahill of Portsmouth, moving from Douai to Woolhampton in 1903. The abbey church was opened in 1933 but only completed in 1993 due to financial constraints.[3]

The monastery was greatly expanded in the 1960s with the building of the new monastery designed by Sir Frederick Gibberd. The abbey had in its charge Douai School until the latter's closure in 1999. In 2005, two monks returned to Douai, France to form a community there and restore the historic links to English monasticism.[4]

Jacobitism[edit]

The monastery and its community have traditionally maintained strong links to the Stuart dynasty and the Jacobite cause; with King James II of England buried in the monastery in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris (the community's home from the early 17th century till the French Revolution and the community's relocation to Douai in northern France), members of the House of Wittelsbach (present pretenders to the Jacobite claim) being educated at the community's former boarding school (at their present location), and the immediate past abbot, Geoffrey Scott OSB, is a member of the Jacobite Society.[5]

Present[edit]

In July 2014 a monk was ordained priest, the first priestly ordination since 2007. As of 2020, the community consisted of 23 monks.[6] The monks serve in parishes across five dioceses.[7] The patron of the monastery is St Edmund King and Martyr, whose feast day is 20 November.

Music[edit]

The Abbey Church houses two pipe organs, a smaller organ[8] of 1978 in an Italian style by Tamburini and a larger organ[9] of 1994 in a modernised English Classical style by Kenneth Tickell.

Because it contains these organs, and especially because of its unique and reverberant acoustics, the Abbey Church is frequently used as a recording location by musical performers. Commercial albums recorded there include:

List of Abbots[edit]

  • 1900–1904: Lawrence Larkin
  • 1904–1905: Ambrose Bamford
  • 1905–1913: Stanislaus Taylor
  • 1913–1921: David Hurley
  • 1921–1929: Edmund Kelly
  • 1929–1969: Sylvester Mooney
  • 1969–1989: Gregory Freeman
  • 1989–1990: Leonard Vickers
  • 1990–1998: Finbar Kealy
  • 1998–2022: Geoffrey Scott[18]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "Douai Abbey Church (1156252)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  2. ^ Schultenover, David G. (1999). "An Anthropological View of the Modernist Crisis". Journal of Religion and Society. 1. ISSN 1522-5658. Archived from the original on 12 August 2007. Retrieved 9 September 2007.
  3. ^ The Rt. Rev. Abbot Geoffrey Scott, O.S.B., The History of Woolhampton Parish November 2005
  4. ^ April 2011, Douai Abbey Newsletter archived.
  5. ^ James II, British Royal Family History. Retrieved 6 February 2013
  6. ^ The Benedictine Yearbook. London: English Benedictine Congregation Trust. 2020. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-901089-58-8.
  7. ^ The Benedictine Yearbook. London: English Benedictine Congregation Trust. 2020. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-901089-58-8.
  8. ^ NPOR N09904, [1]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  9. ^ NPOR D03336, [2]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  10. ^ Hilliard, Gesualdo: Tenebrae. Retrieved 25 February 2021
  11. ^ Discogs, [3]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  12. ^ Discogs, [4]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  13. ^ Discogs, [5]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  14. ^ Discogs, [6]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  15. ^ Discogs, [7]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  16. ^ Discogs, [8]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  17. ^ Discogs, [9]. Retrieved 10 March 2021
  18. ^
    • 2022-present: Paul Gunter.
    Monks of St Edmund's from douaiabbey.org.uk retrieved 14 March 2018

External links[edit]