Double First Class University Plan

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The World First Class University and First Class Academic Discipline Construction (Chinese: 世界一流大学和一流学科建设), combined together and known as Double First Class (Chinese: 双一流; pinyin: shuāngyīliú),[1][2] is a tertiary education development initiative designed by the People's Republic of China government, in 2015,[3] which aimed to comprehensively developing elite Chinese universities and their individual faculty departments into world-class institutions by the end of 2050.[4]

The full list of the sponsored universities and disciplines was published in September 2017, which includes 42 Double First Class Universities (36 Class A schools and six Class B schools) and 465 first class disciplines spread among 140 schools (95 Double First Class Disciplines Universities) including the first class universities.[5][1] According to the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018/19 and the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2019/20, most of the 42 double first class universities are considered as among the top 500 universities in the world and most of these 95 double first class disciplines universities are ranked among the top 1000 universities worldwide.[6][7]

It was unclear whether this plan represents a new way of ranking universities in China,[4] or replaces Project 211, Project 985, or the C9 League.[5]

Map of the double first class universities in China

Double First Class Universities[edit]

The lists of Class A, Class B, and Double Class discipline universities were issued by Chinese Ministry of Education without any ranking within the lists (by "school code").[1] These lists follow in alphabetical order:

Class A (36 universities)[edit]

Class A by province

Class B (6 universities)[edit]

Class B by province

Double first class disciplines universities (95 universities)[edit]

Double first class disciplines universities by province

Valuation[edit]

On 18 September,2020, the members of "Double First Class" expert valuation group, which was headed by Lin Huiqing, Chairman of the Medical Education Expert Committee of the Ministry of Education and former Vice Minister of the Ministry of Education, unanimously agreed that Tsinghua University has been fully established as a world-class university.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)" (in Chinese).
  2. ^ "Implementation measures released for China's new world-class university policy".
  3. ^ "Print China sets direction for world class universities".
  4. ^ a b "China to develop 42 world-class universities". People's Daily. September 21, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "双一流大学 (shuāngyīliú dàxué): Double top university plan".
  6. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2019 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019 | Top 1000 universities | Shanghai Ranking - 2019". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  7. ^ "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). August 20, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
  8. ^ Tsinghua University. ""Double First Class" Expert Council: Tsinghua University is fully built into a world-class university". Tsinghua University. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2020.