Double Happiness (calligraphy)
Double Happiness (simplified Chinese: 双喜; traditional Chinese: 雙喜; pinyin: shuāngxǐ) sometimes translated as Double Happy, is a Chinese traditional ornament design, commonly used as a decoration symbol of marriage. Outside of China, it is also used in the United States, Europe, East Asia and Southeast Asia.
Double Happiness is a ligature, "囍" composed of 喜喜 – two copies of the Chinese characters 喜 (xǐ) literally meaning joy, compressed to assume the square shape of a standard Chinese character (much as a real character may consist of two parts), and is pronounced simply as xǐ or as a polysyllabic Chinese character, being read as 双喜 (shuāngxǐ).
Typically the character "囍" is written in Chinese calligraphy, and frequently appears on traditional decorative items, associated with marriage. Double happiness symbol also often found all over the wedding ceremony, as well as on gift items given to the bride and groom. The color of the character is usually red, occasionally black.
In popular culture
Nowadays shuāngxǐ (alternative transcriptions, Shuang hsi) is used as a brand names for things like fashion, jewelry, cigarettes, matches, soy sauce, etc. It is also featured as decoration on many items by Chinese luxury brand Shanghai Tang.
A porcelain vase from the Qing Dynasty with double happiness characters
- Fu character (福), also a common good-luck decorative design boom panes
- Lu character (禄), a Chinese character symbolising prosperity
- Shou character (壽), a Chinese character symbolizing longevity
- Xi character (喜), a Chinese character symbolizing happiness
- Afshar, Pournader, Shervin, Roozbeh (1 November 2014). "Six New Symbols from Chinese Folk Religion (revision 2)" (PDF). unicode.org. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- "詞條名稱：囍". Concise Mandarin Chinese Dictionary (in Chinese). Ministry of Education. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
- "The Unicode Standard, Version 10.0, Enclosed Ideographic Supplement" (PDF). unicode.org. The Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- Hong, Xinying (10 July 2012). "9 quirky finds at Goods of Desire". Her World Plus. Singapore Press Holdings. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- "G.O.D.: Tongue in cheek - Tongue-in-cheek designs inspired by Hong Kong culture". CNN Travel. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
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