Double tonic

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A double tonic is a chord progression, melodic motion, or shift of level consisting of a, "regular back-and-forth motion," in melody similar to Bruno Nettl's pendulum type[clarification needed] though it uses small intervals, most often a whole tone though may be almost a semitone to a minor third (see pendular thirds).[1]

"Donald MacGillavry"[2] About this soundPlay : double tonic a whole tone apart, on the upper note (A).

It is extremely common in African music ("Mkwaze mmodzi"[clarification needed]), Asian music, and European music, including:[3]

"Chel-sea" football crowd chant:[1] minor third.

In American music, a rare example of a double-tonic is the spiritual "Rock my Soul" though American popular music began to use the double tonic commonly in the last half of the 1900s,[3] including Beck's "Puttin It Down".[4]

Double tonic patterns may be classified as beginning on the lower ("Sumer is Icumen in", "The Woods so Wild", "The Irish Washerwoman") or upper (most Scottish tunes, passamezzo antico, "Roun' de Corn, Sally", "Shallow Brown", "Mkwaze mmodzi") note and may repeat open endedly, though they are often closed through a tonic close, as in :[5]


They are also often varied through a binary scheme ending on the dominant then tonic, as in:

Am|G|Am|E|| Am|G|Am-G|Am||


Am|G|Am|E|| Am|G|Am-E|Am||

A variation of this last progression is the passamezzo antico.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b van der Merwe, Peter (1989). Origins of the Popular Style: The Antecedents of Twentieth-Century Popular Music, p.205. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-316121-4.
  2. ^ van der Merwe (1989), p.208.
  3. ^ a b van der Merwe (1989), p.206
  4. ^ "Beck - Puttin It Down tab",
  5. ^ a b van der Merwe (1989), p.207