Dougherty County, Georgia

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Dougherty County
Dougherty County Government Center
Dougherty County Government Center
Map of Georgia highlighting Dougherty County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°32′N 84°13′W / 31.54°N 84.22°W / 31.54; -84.22
Country United States
State Georgia
Founded1853; 169 years ago (1853)
Named forCharles Dougherty
SeatAlbany
Largest cityAlbany
Area
 • Total335 sq mi (870 km2)
 • Land329 sq mi (850 km2)
 • Water5.9 sq mi (15 km2)  1.8%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total85,790
 • Density288/sq mi (111/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.albany.ga.us/content/1800

Dougherty County is located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 94,565.[1] The county seat and sole incorporated city is Albany.[2]

Dougherty County is included in the Albany, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Historically dominated by cotton plantation agriculture in the nineteenth century, it is part of the Black Belt of the South.

History[edit]

The county was created by the Georgia General Assembly on December 15, 1853, from a part of Baker County.[3] It was named after Charles Dougherty,[4] a respected judge and lawyer from Athens, Georgia. In 1854 and 1856 small areas were added from Worth County.

As noted above, the county was developed by European Americans using enslaved African Americans as workers for the production of cotton as a commodity crop. Its county seat of Albany, Georgia is located on the Flint River, which was originally the chief means of transportation for shipped products. Albany was later served by seven railroad lines, adding to its significance as a market center. The city was a center of the Civil Rights Movement, particularly during the early 1960s.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 335 square miles (870 km2), of which 329 square miles (850 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.8%) is water.[5]

The majority of Dougherty County is located in the Lower Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The northeastern corner of the county, northeast of Albany, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the same ACF River basin. A very small portion of Dougherty County, north of Albany, is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee sub-basin of the larger ACF River Basin. The remaining western portion of the county is located in the Ichawaynochaway Creek sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18608,295
187011,51738.8%
188012,6229.6%
189012,206−3.3%
190013,67912.1%
191016,03517.2%
192020,06325.1%
193022,30611.2%
194028,56528.1%
195043,61752.7%
196075,68073.5%
197089,63918.4%
1980100,71812.4%
199096,311−4.4%
200096,065−0.3%
201094,565−1.6%
202085,790−9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2019[1]

2020 census[edit]

Dougherty County racial composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 20,631 24.05%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 59,720 69.61%
Native American 128 0.15%
Asian 647 0.75%
Pacific Islander 20 0.02%
Other/Mixed 2,231 2.6%
Hispanic or Latino 2,413 2.81%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 85,790 people, 32,630 households, and 18,213 families residing in the county.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 94,565 people, 36,508 households, and 23,422 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 287.7 inhabitants per square mile (111.1/km2). There were 40,801 housing units at an average density of 124.1 per square mile (47.9/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 67.1% black or African American, 29.6% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 6.1% were English, 6.0% were American, and 5.3% were Irish.[14]

Of the 36,508 households, 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.7% were married couples living together, 25.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families, and 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age was 33.2 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $32,435 and the median income for a family was $39,951. Males had a median income of $34,444 versus $27,848 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,210. About 22.7% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.7% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census[16] of 2000, there were 96,065 people, 35,552 households, and 24,282 families living in the county. The population density was 292 people per square mile (113/km2). There were 39,656 housing units at an average density of 120 per square mile (46/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.13% Black or African American, 37.80% White, 0.23% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest European ancestry groups in Dougherty County are English (6.6%), Irish (6.5%), "American" (mostly English and Scots-Irish)(5.6%), German (4.5%) and Scots-Irish (1.6%).[17]

There were 35,552 households, out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.90% were married couples living together, 23.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.70% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,934, and the median income for a family was $36,655. Males had a median income of $30,742 versus $22,254 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,645. About 19.60% of families and 24.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.


Education[edit]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Dougherty County, Georgia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,441 29.59% 24,568 69.62% 278 0.79%
2016 10,232 30.02% 23,311 68.39% 544 1.60%
2012 11,449 30.15% 26,295 69.24% 231 0.61%
2008 12,547 32.27% 26,135 67.21% 204 0.52%
2004 13,711 40.70% 19,805 58.79% 171 0.51%
2000 12,248 42.14% 16,650 57.29% 166 0.57%
1996 11,144 39.98% 15,600 55.97% 1128 4.05%
1992 12,455 40.27% 15,236 49.26% 3240 10.47%
1988 15,520 50.86% 12,579 41.22% 2,418 7.92%
1984 16,920 56.73% 12,904 43.27% 0 0.00%
1980 12,726 47.82% 13,430 50.46% 459 1.72%
1976 9,337 44.89% 11,461 55.11% 0 0.00%
1972 12,878 78.03% 3,625 21.97% 0 0.00%
1968 5,611 29.91% 3,834 20.43% 9,317 49.66%
1964 12,776 70.88% 5,248 29.12% 0 0.00%
1960 4,323 48.88% 4,522 51.12% 0 0.00%
1956 3,248 44.05% 4,126 55.95% 0 0.00%
1952 2,535 36.37% 4,435 63.63% 0 0.00%
1948 614 15.66% 2,517 64.19% 790 20.15%
1944 338 9.56% 3,199 90.44% 0 0.00%
1940 180 7.64% 2,175 92.32% 1 0.04%
1936 122 4.49% 2,591 95.40% 3 0.11%
1932 95 4.49% 2,012 95.04% 10 0.47%
1928 379 27.85% 982 72.15% 0 0.00%
1924 167 12.71% 1,065 81.05% 82 6.24%
1920 105 14.46% 621 85.54% 0 0.00%
1916 17 1.91% 836 93.93% 37 4.16%
1912 18 2.74% 617 94.05% 21 3.20%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 63. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 108.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  17. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 10, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°32′N 84°13′W / 31.54°N 84.22°W / 31.54; -84.22