Doughoregan Manor, 1936
|Location||Manor Lane, Ellicott City, Maryland|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||71000376|
|Added to NRHP||November 11, 1971|
Doughoregan Manor is a pre-colonial manor house built in the early 1700s. The slave plantation was founded on 7,000 acres patented to Charles Carroll I as "Doughoreagan" in 1702, and expanded to 10,000 acres as "Doughoreagan Manor" in 1717. The Georgian brick slave plantation house, built by Charles Carroll II around 1727, was enlarged and remodeled in 1832 by Charles Carroll V in the Greek Revival style.
The Carroll family were enthusiastic horse breeders and raced thoroughbreds, competing with other well-to-do families at annual racing events, which also formed an important part of the social and political life of the colony. Charles Carroll of Annapolis's horse was beaten in 1743 by George Hume Steuart's "Dungannon" in the Annapolis Subscription Plate, established in 1743. Capt.John Ireland was their steward upon his arrival to Maryland in 1745.
From 1766 to 1832, Doughoregan Manor was the country home of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. He lies buried in the chapel attached to the north end of the mansion. In 1861, the manor was the home to future Maryland Governor John Lee Carroll.
"Doughoregan" was a family estate in Ireland. In its current configuration it is a brick, two-storied, U-shaped building. The roof is in gabled sections, some with balustraded decks, and in the center is an octagonal cupola. The front center entrance has a one-story tetrastyle Doric portico and is similar to the rear portico. The chapel and kitchen are attached to the main block by hyphens.
The private chapel attached to the manor house was built at a time when the founding of Roman Catholic parish churches was prohibited in the colony. The chapel served as the primary meeting place for the local Catholic community until as late as 1855 when nearby parishes were founded. The chapel continued to be open to the public on Sunday mornings for Mass until the 1990s, when the family discontinued the practice due to overcrowding.
The vineyard was planted by Charles Carrol of Annapolis in 1770 with four types of grapes. The vineyard was maintained into 1796, becoming one of the longest surviving colonial vineyards. A postal office served the manor from 18 September 1876 to 31 August 1907. The manor became the site for the yearly Howard County Horse Show through the 1930s, attracting thousands. The "Manor Dairy" opened in 1962 providing milk and dairy products.
In 1830, Emily Caton MacTavish donated 253 acres to build St. Charles College, Maryland, After a fire in 1911, Carroll family heirs sue to sell the property and divide the proceeds among the family.
Members of the Carroll family still own and live in the manor, which sits at the center of an 892-acre (3.61 km2; 1.394 sq mi) of the original 13,500-acre (55 km2; 21.1 sq mi) estate. At least 2,800-acre (11 km2; 4.4 sq mi) was owned by the family as late as 1971 and 2,400-acre (9.7 km2; 3.8 sq mi) by 1977. A 900-acre historic district was proposed for the site in the 1970s, but not implemented. In the late 1990s a family member observed, "Only God, the Indians and the Carrolls have owned this land." The estate and Manor Lane are closed to the public.
In an attempt to keep the majority of the property in the hands of the Carroll family for future generations, the owners of the estate struck a deal in 2008 with Erickson Retirement Communities to sell 150 acres (0.61 km2; 0.23 sq mi) with the option to sell an additional 38 acres (0.15 km2; 0.059 sq mi) in the future, but in June 2009 it was announced that the entire deal had fallen through, leaving the Carrolls back where they started, in a precarious financial situation. According to Camilla Carroll, co-owner of the estate, "There is no money now to restore anything, and historic buildings are falling down as we speak."
In addition, 36 acres (0.15 km2; 0.056 sq mi) may be donated to the county for parkland in order for the Carrolls to take advantage of the county's agricultural preservation program, which would protect 500 acres (2.0 km2) of their estate.
On July 23, 2010, members of the Howard County Council, sitting as the zoning board, unanimously approved a plan to rezone 200 acres (81 ha) of Doughoregan Manor. The zoning change will allow more than 300 single-family homes to be built on the east side of the property. Earlier in the year the council approved an extension of the public water and sewer system to the development. On October 8, 2010, a man who lives on the eastern edge of Doughoregan filed a petition in circuit court for judicial review of the zoning decision.
The house was originally a 1½ story brick house with a gambrel roof. A detached brick chapel stood to the north, while a brick kitchen stood to the south. The dependent buildings were incorporated into the main structure in the 1830s by Charles Carroll V, raising the main house's roof to make a two-story structure. The new roof was topped by a balustraded deck with an octagonal cupola. The front (east) facade gained a one-story portico with doric columns. A similar portico to the road was built with a room above, while a marble-floored veranda with iron columns extended to each side. The chapel's roof was raised and it was joined to the main house by a two story passage, as was the kitchen. The work resulted in a Palladian style five-part house extending almost 300 feet (91 m).
The house's interior has a center hall plan, with the paneled main hall extending the full depth of the house. Stairs are located in a small side hall on the north side. A library, large parlor, small parlor and dining room occupy the first floor, with bedrooms on the second.
- List of Howard County properties in the Maryland Historical Trust
- St. Charles College, Maryland - Built on a section of land given and returned to the Carroll Family
- Homewood Farm - Built on estate in 1872 for Robert Goodloe Harper Carroll.
- William Johnson House (Ellicott City, Maryland)
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "HO-22 Doughoregan Manor" (PDF). Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Major L'Enfant D.A.R.'s to Visit Maryland Town: Mrs. Robert Bennett Will Entertain Chevy Chase Pen Women". The Washington Post. 9 June 1934.
- Seeking Freedom The History of the Underground Railroad in Howard County. p. 68.
- Collection Research: Land Owners & Patents, 1670-1812 ACCESSION NO. A.3.a. iii Property Owners, Land Names, & Acreage –covering Anne Arundel (Howard), Baltimore, Frederick, and Montgomery Counties.
- JR McGrew (1977). "Winemaking in Maryland". American Wine Society Journal.
- "Checklist of Maryland Post Offices" (PDF). Smithsonian National Postal Museum. July 12, 2007. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- The Howard County Historical Society. Images of America. p. 90.
- "Complete Operation at Manor Dairy". The Times. 31 March 1965.
- Lousie Vest (24 July 2013). "St. Charles College site advertised for sale 100 years ago". The Baltimore Sun.
- "HO-406" (PDF). Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "Chatelaines Of Doughoregan Manor Have Always Been Women Of Influence". The Baltimore Sun. 15 December 1912.
- Edward T. Price. Dividing the Land: Early American Beginnings. p. 135.
- Barbara Feaga. Howard's Roads to the Past. p. 39.
- Columbia Flyer
- Erickson drops deal to buy part of Carroll property accessed September 5, 2009
- Doughoregan future in flux after failed deal accessed September 5, 2009
- Erickson drops deal to buy part of Carroll property
- Doughoregan future in flux after failed deal
- Breitenbach, Sarah (23 July 2010). "Howard County zoning board approves Doughoregan Manor plan". Howard County Times (10750 Little Patuxent Parkway, Columbia, MD 21044: Patuxent Publishing). Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- Carson, Larry (12 October 2010). "Doughoregan Manor rezoning challenged". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- Snell, Charles W. (May 21, 1971). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination: Doughoregan Manor" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
- Laura Rice. Maryland History in Prints 1743-1900. p. 90.
- The Plan for Doughoregan Manor, 2010
- For images, go to the Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Online Catalog and search for Doughoregan Manor.
- Doughoregan Manor NHL information
- Preservation Howard County: Manor's Legacy on the Line
- Preservation Howard County: St. Louis Church
- Doughoregan Manor, Howard County, including photo in 1936, at Maryland Historical Trust
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. MD-230, "Doughoregan Manor, Manorhouse Road, Ellicott City vicinity, Howard County, MD", 16 photos, supplemental material
- HABS No. MD-230-A, "Doughoregan Manor", 5 photos, supplemental material
- Benefits of Doughoregan Manor deal cited, Howard County Times