Douglas Black (physician)
Sir Douglas Andrew Kilgour Black, (1913–2002) was a Scottish physician and medical scientist who played a key role in the development of the National Health Service. He conducted research in the field of public health and was famous as the author of the Black Report. He was also known for the Black Formula, a translation of the Pignet formula to British measurements.
In 1974 he became the first chief scientist at the Department of Health and Social Security of the UK government. From 1977–1983 he was president of the Royal College of Physicians. He also served as the president of the British Medical Association and earned himself a lot of respect by taking an uncompromising stand against the apartheid regime in South Africa.
In the 1970s Black was asked by the Labour government of the UK to chair an expert committee to investigate health inequalities. The report produced by this committee, popularly known as "The Black Report" was published in 1980. Although unpopular with the then Conservative government, it has had a major impact on knowledge on the subject of health inequality since that time, and was published by Penguin Books as Inequalities in Health: The Black Report and the Health Divide in 1982.
Black was created a Knight Bachelor in 1973, and a Knight of the Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem in 1989.
- BMJ Obituary of Sir Douglas Black:"Sir Douglas Black: Professor of medicine whose famous report on inequality and health fell foul of the Thatcher government".
- Obituary at the Guardian 14 September 2002: "Sir Douglas Black: A giant in many fields of medical research, he played a crucial role in shaping the NHS".
Sir Cyril Clarke
|President of the Royal College of Physicians