|Member of Parliament
10 October 2014
5 May 2005 – 29 August 2014
|Preceded by||Ivan Henderson|
3 May 1971 |
|Political party||Conservative (Before 2014)
|Alma mater||University of East Anglia
King's College London
Formerly a member of the Conservative Party, Carswell was elected as the MP for Harwich in 2005 and Clacton in 2010. In August 2014 he changed his political allegiance to UKIP and announced his resignation as an MP, thereby necessitating a by-election in which he stood and was returned as a UKIP MP. He explained that he was joining UKIP out of a desire to see "fundamental change in British politics" and because he believed "many of those at the top of the Conservative Party are simply not on our side. They aren't serious about the change that Britain so desperately needs."
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Life and career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Publications
- 5 Notes
- 6 Footnotes
- 7 External links
Early life and education
Carswell is the son of two doctors of medicine. He lived in Uganda until his late teens. His father, Wilson Carswell, a respected Scottish doctor and Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, diagnosed the first confirmed Ugandan cases of HIV/AIDS in the early 1980s, and was one of a number of people engaged in drawing the world's attention to the unfolding pandemic. His father's experiences in Uganda were the inspiration for the character Dr Nicholas Garrigan in Giles Foden's novel The Last King of Scotland. Carswell later attributed his libertarianism to his experiences of the "arbitrary rule" of Idi Amin.
Carswell was educated at two independent boarding schools for boys: St Andrews School in Turi in Kenya in East Africa, and Charterhouse School in Godalming in Surrey in Southern England, followed by the University of East Anglia (UEA), where he was taught by Edward Acton, and graduated with a bachelor's degree in history in 1993. He then attended King's College London, graduating with a master's degree in British imperial history.
Life and career
At the 2001 general election, Carswell contested Sedgefield, the constituency of Prime Minister Tony Blair, as the Conservative candidate. Blair's majority fell by 7,500 votes with Carswell effecting a swing of 4.7 percent to the Conservatives compared to a national swing of 1.8 percent. In the months before the 2005 general election, Carswell worked in the Conservative Party's Policy Unit, then run by David Cameron.
Member of Parliament
First parliamentary term
Carswell was elected to the House of Commons at the 2005 general election for the constituency of Harwich, defeating Ivan Henderson, the sitting Labour Member of Parliament (MP), by 920 votes. Carswell made his maiden speech on 28 June 2005 in the debate on the Identity Cards Bill. He was a member of Conservative Friends of Israel. Carswell serves on the House of Commons' Education Select Committee and the Public Accounts Committee.
In April 2008, Carswell was reported to be launching plans for Speaker Michael Martin to be removed after the 2010 general election, saying that the Speaker had 'demonstrated that he is not the man to oversee the vital job of restoring faith in Westminster politics'. Martin later became the first Speaker in 314 years to resign after cross-party criticism of his handling of the MPs' expenses scandal. In December 2009, Carswell tabled a Bill in the House of Commons calling for a public referendum on Britain's membership of the European Union. The Daily Telegraph nominated him a Briton of the Year 2009, and Spectator readers voted him their choice as Parliamentarian of the Year in the same year. In February 2010, he asked Gus O'Donnell to suspend Cabinet meetings held outside London, when it was found that the government was using them to host Labour Party events in marginal seats.
Second parliamentary term
In the newly created constituency of Clacton at the 2010 general election, Carswell increased his majority over Henderson to 12,068 votes. The UK Independence Party decided not to field a candidate against Carswell in the 2010 general election. Instead, UKIP actively campaigned in support of his re-election in view of his staunch anti-EU views.
In the first week of the new parliamentary session of the Conservative-led Government, Carswell revealed he intended to force a referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon, over the need to resolve an oversight of apportionment in the European Parliament by re-ratifying the Treaty.
On 28 August 2014, Carswell defected from the Conservatives to the UK Independence Party. Although not required to do so, he resigned his seat as an MP, thus triggering a by-election. Less than a month before switching parties, Carswell had signed off a letter describing UKIP as a "one policy party". He later said he had been "decidedly cool towards the sentiments of the letter."
Following Carswell's resignation Roger Lord, UKIP's nominated candidate for the 2015 general election, declared that he still wanted to stand, although the UKIP National Executive Committee voted to select Carswell. Two early opinion polls showed Carswell with a substantial lead. At the by-election on 9 October 2014, Carswell was successful, with a substantial majority of 12,404 votes over his nearest rival. In the 2015 general election, however, this figure was reduced to 3,437 votes.
Carswell has become known at Westminster for being an outspoken advocate of political reform.
On health, Carswell advocates a system of personal health accounts, viewing the current National Health Service as "the national sickness service". The health account policy is based on a proposal by Daniel Hannan as an alternative to the NHS in which individuals have personal health accounts, and use these to purchase treatment from public or private sources.
On immigration, Carswell appears to favour moderate levels of immigration based on skill and work-capacity. Shortly after joining UKIP, Carswell wrote on his blog: "On the subject of immigration, let me make it absolutely clear: I'm not against immigration. The one thing more ugly than nativism is angry nativism." He has also said: "We should welcome those that want to come here to contribute ... There's hardly a hospital, GP surgery or supermarket in the country that could run without that skill and drive."
Carswell is sceptical about anthropogenic global warming, believing current climate change to be driven by non-human factors. Carswell opposes the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, the War Crimes Act 1991, and the Firearms (Amendment) Act 1997. After joining UKIP he vowed to challenge "out of date" ideas about women within the party which he described as "intolerable". He is opposed both to same-sex marriage and to laws prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation. Carswell supports the removal of legal protections that prevent companies from firing employees without following legal disciplinary procedures, and rules affording part-time workers the same rights as full-time employees.
Parliamentary expenses scandal
After being elected in 2005, Carswell originally designated a £1 million flat in London as his second home, and claimed over £21,000 for food, rent and furniture. In 2007 he began renting a house in Thorpe-le-Soken, which he designated his second home, and again paid a deposit and for furniture, including a £655 love seat, from his expenses (see Flipping § Second home flipping). Between 2007 and 2009 he claimed £32,000 in expenses for the house. Carswell admitted to using expenses to buy "an armchair, sofa and some bedding, as well as a few other modest items of crockery and furniture", and commented "I believe this is entirely justified". In the 2012–13 financial year, he claimed £39,442.86, a larger figure than any other Essex MP. Carswell stated in July 2012 that his expenses had been greater than those of other MPs due to his need to rent accommodation close to Parliament.
Influence in the Conservative Party
Conservative Party commentator and Daily Telegraph columnist Charles Moore credits Carswell, together with MEP Daniel Hannan, as the architects behind the idea of a Great Repeal Bill, as well as the concept of a "Contract with Britain" offered during the election, the "recall" of MPs who have displeased their constituents, open primaries for the selection of parliamentary candidates, and plans for elected police commissioners." According to Moore's analysis not only is "The localism of the Carswell/Hannan "direct democracy" movement is now good Coalition orthodoxy", but Cameron's policy guru, Steve Hilton, "enthusiastically lifted several bits of The Plan", the best-selling moderniser book written by Carswell and co-author Daniel Hannan.
Even before the formation of the Coalition, the influence of Carswell's ideas was evident in speeches made by David Cameron – most notably a speech to the Open University made by David Cameron in Milton Keynes in May 2009. Blogger Guido Fawkes, who describes The Plan as a "huge hit, an Amazon bestseller and the all-time best-selling publish-on-demand publication ever sold by Amazon", also noted the influence of the book on Conservative political thinking.
Carswell has frequently been invited to speak at conferences and seminars on a range of policy topics in which he had no formal role within the Conservative Party, such as reform of the criminal justice system, constitutional reform, defence and local government.
Carswell and his wife Clementine have a daughter. Carswell's recreations include gardening, swimming, running, blogging, riding and making quince jelly. In 2012, his blog was getting 25,000 unique hits a month.
- Direct Democracy – Agenda for a New Model Party[Note 1]
- Direct Democracy; empowering people to make their lives better.[Note 2]
- Paying for Localism[Note 3]
- Chief author of The Localist Papers[Note 4]
- The Plan: Twelve Months to Renew Britain – co-written with Daniel Hannan.
- 13 June 2005. ISBN 1-84275-057-7
- C-change. October 2002. ISBN 1-84275-057-7
- Published by the Adam Smith Institute
- Published by the Centre for Policy Studies, serialised in the Daily Telegraph May – June 2007. 
- BBC News, "UKIP gains first elected MP with Clacton win". Accessed 10 October 2014.
- Meikle, James (24 January 2014). "Tory MP Douglas Carswell gives Twitter report as he collars shoplifter". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "Tory MP Douglas Carswell defects to UKIP and forces by-election". BBC News. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- Powers, Charles T. (24 May 1986). "AIDS Epidemic Sweeps Through Uganda". Los Angeles Times.
- Schoofs, Mark (4 July 2000). "Proof Positive". The Village Voice.
- Pells, Rachael (10 October 2014). "Douglas Carswell profile: A prolific blogger who makes his own jam". The Independent. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Wright, Oliver (10 October 2014). "Clacton by-election: 12 facts about Ukip's new MP Douglas Carswell". The Independent. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Chorley, Matt (9 October 2014). "Happy birthday, Dave! Farage on the verge of securing Ukip's first elected MP – giving Cameron a headache on his 48th birthday". Daily Mail. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Douglas Carswell MP". ConservativeHome. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Douglas CARSWELL: Biography". www.debretts.com. Debrett’s. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- "Who Is Douglas Carswell? What You Need To Know". Sky News. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Results & Constituencies: Sedgefield". BBC. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- "Profile: Douglas Carswell MP". BBC News. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- "Identity Cards Bill (28 June 2005)". Hansard. Parliament. 28 June 2005. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
- Calvert, Jonathan; Rowell, Andy (31 August 2008). "Tory MP Douglas Carswell 'punished' for damning army kit". The Sunday Times (London).
- Carlin, Brendan (28 September 2008). "Tory MP launches fresh bid to oust 'touchy, stubborn' Speaker". Daily Mail (London).
- "MPs' expenses: Speaker Michael Martin announces his resignation". The Daily Telegraph (London). 19 May 2009.
- "European Union Membership (Referendum) Bill 2009-10". UK Parliament. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- "Britons of the Year, 2009". The Daily Telegraph (London). 29 December 2009.
- "The Spectator/Threadneedle Parliamentarian Awards". The Spectator. 12 November 2009.
- Coates, Sam; Ralph, Alex (18 February 2010). "Labour uses Cabinet tour to rally party for election". The Times (London).
- Kirkup, James (18 February 2010). "Ministers using Cabinet meetings to hold Labour events". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Groves, Jason (17 May 2010). "Eurosceptics in plot to force vote on Lisbon Treaty". Daily Mail (London).
- "MPs poised to renew calls for Lisbon Treaty referendum". BBC News. 16 May 2010.
- Watt, Nicholas (28 August 2014). "Tory MP Douglas Carswell defects to Ukip and forces byelection". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- Swinford, Steven (7 October 2014). "Douglas Carswell signed off letter attacking Ukip a month before defecting". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Quinn, Ben (28 August 2014). "Ukip Clacton candidate calls Carswell's attempt to stand 'bad manners'". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- The thinking man's kipper The Economist. 28 August 2014. 9 October 2014.
- Moore, Charles (16 October 2009). "There's nothing swivel-eyed about rebuilding Britain's democracy". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Toby Helm and Rajeev Syal (16 August 2009). "Key Tory MPs backed call to dismantle NHS". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Hickman, Leo (30 November 2009). "Douglas Carswell: How the facts on global warming have changed". The Guardian (London).
- Randerson, James (4 December 2009). "Climate sceptics: are they gaining any credence?". The Guardian (London).
- Swaine, Jon (3 June 2009). "MPs' expenses: Douglas Carswell claimed £700 in expenses for love seat". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- Gover, Dominic (28 August 2014). "Douglas Carswell and the £650 'Love Seat' Which Mired Ukip MP in Expenses Scandal". International Business Times. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- "Clacton MP Douglas Carswell defends expenses claims". Daily Gazette. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- Moore, Charles (2 July 2010). "Who will admit that the Right ways are not the wrong ways?". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Daniel Hannan and Douglas Carswell wrote David Cameron's speech today on devolving power – thetorydiary". Conservativehome.blogs.com. 26 May 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2009.
- "Cameron : My Government Will Be "Open, Online All the Time" – Guy Fawkes' blog". Order-order.com. 26 May 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2009.
- "Electoral Reform: Right question? Right answer? And who decides?". RSA. 17 June 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2009.
- McSmith, Andy (11 June 2012). "Should we fear the gospel according to Douglas Carswell?". The Independent (London). Retrieved 12 May 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Douglas Carswell.|
- Official website
- Official blog
- Debrett's People of Today: Douglas Carswell
- BBC Politics MP Profile
- Douglas Carswell at They Work For You
- The Public Whip
- Carswell speaking about the ineffectiveness of the House of Commons at The Constitution Society seminar
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament
|New constituency||Member of Parliament