Douglas County, Minnesota

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Douglas County, Minnesota
Douglas County Courthouse (MN).jpg
Douglas County Courthouse in Alexandria, Minnesota.
Map of Minnesota highlighting Douglas County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded March 8, 1858 (created)
1866 (organized)[1]
Named for Stephen Douglas
Seat Alexandria
Largest city Alexandria
Area
 • Total 720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Land 637 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Water 83 sq mi (215 km2), 11%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 37,456
 • Density 57/sq mi (22/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.douglas.mn.us

Douglas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,009.[2] Its county seat is Alexandria.[3] Douglas County was established in 1858. It is named for Stephen Douglas,[4] of Illinois. The county was formed in 1858 and organized in 1866.

Douglas County comprises the Alexandria, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Douglas County is the home of Minnesota's only wine-grape appellation, the 10,880 acres (44.0 km2) Alexandria Lakes AVA.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 720 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 637 square miles (1,650 km2) is land and 83 square miles (210 km2) (11%) is water.[5] It contains more than 250 lakes.

The county includes two of Minnesota's biomes: prairie grassland in the west and southeast, savannas (also prairie ecosystems) in the middle, and temperate deciduous forest in the south-central, north, and east.[6]

Douglas is one of 17 Minnesota counties where savanna soils dominate.

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 4,239
1880 9,130 115.4%
1890 14,606 60.0%
1900 17,964 23.0%
1910 17,669 −1.6%
1920 19,039 7.8%
1930 18,813 −1.2%
1940 20,369 8.3%
1950 21,304 4.6%
1960 21,313 0.0%
1970 22,892 7.4%
1980 27,839 21.6%
1990 28,839 3.6%
2000 32,821 13.8%
2010 36,009 9.7%
Est. 2016 37,456 [8] 4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2016[2]

As of the 2000 census,[13] there were 32,821 people, 13,276 households, and 9,027 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 16,694 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.49% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.5% were of German, 24.6% Norwegian and 8.1% Swedish ancestry.

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

There were 13,276 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 6.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,703, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $30,968 versus $21,240 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,850. About 5.60% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.30% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Alexandria Municipal Airport, also known as Chandler Field, is a city-owned public-use airport located two nautical miles (3.7 km) southwest of the central business district of Alexandria, a city in Douglas County.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 64.1% 13,966 28.6% 6,227 7.3% 1,592
2012 56.7% 11,884 41.3% 8,653 2.0% 416
2008 53.7% 11,241 44.3% 9,256 2.0% 421
2004 58.1% 11,793 40.5% 8,219 1.5% 297
2000 57.0% 9,811 36.9% 6,352 6.1% 1,042
1996 43.6% 6,747 41.7% 6,450 14.7% 2,267
1992 40.1% 6,356 33.1% 5,252 26.8% 4,251
1988 57.0% 7,898 41.9% 5,803 1.1% 151
1984 61.9% 9,005 37.4% 5,444 0.7% 94
1980 53.9% 7,778 38.3% 5,530 7.9% 1,137
1976 44.4% 5,910 53.3% 7,097 2.3% 307
1972 53.0% 6,678 43.6% 5,501 3.4% 427
1968 50.4% 5,464 44.5% 4,826 5.1% 549
1964 40.5% 4,122 59.4% 6,040 0.1% 13
1960 53.3% 5,594 46.4% 4,871 0.4% 41
1956 54.9% 5,114 45.0% 4,194 0.1% 12
1952 61.3% 6,037 38.3% 3,768 0.4% 43
1948 41.7% 3,744 56.0% 5,022 2.3% 207
1944 52.6% 4,140 46.8% 3,681 0.6% 46
1940 50.5% 4,652 49.0% 4,507 0.5% 48
1936 36.4% 2,681 56.8% 4,186 6.8% 497
1932 30.4% 2,325 66.6% 5,101 3.0% 230
1928 59.3% 4,262 39.3% 2,829 1.4% 100
1924 39.2% 2,424 5.1% 315 55.8% 3,453
1920 66.1% 4,428 11.0% 733 22.9% 1,535
1916 50.3% 1,709 41.1% 1,398 8.6% 293
1912 14.9% 435 27.2% 793 57.8% 1,684
1908 60.9% 1,894 31.5% 979 7.6% 236
1904 79.4% 2,171 15.0% 410 5.6% 153
1900 59.9% 1,917 37.3% 1,194 2.8% 91
1896 57.8% 1,966 39.7% 1,350 2.4% 83
1892 50.9% 1,315 20.6% 533 28.5% 736

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 108. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Minnesota's Biomes" (PDF). Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2008. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 53 - 56. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°56′N 95°27′W / 45.94°N 95.45°W / 45.94; -95.45