Douglas Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking
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Early life and military career
Educated at Giggleswick School and Manchester University, he was commissioned in the East Lancashire Regiment in August 1914 and served two years in France during World War I. He was mentioned in despatches and was appointed to the Order of the British Empire as an Officer (OBE) in the 1919 New Year Honours. In World War II, from 1940 to 1944, he served with the 5th Battalion Surrey Home Guard.
He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Sir James Craig at the Ministry of Pensions in 1920 and at the Admiralty from 1920–1921; then to Sir Laming Worthington-Evans as Secretary of State for War from 1921-1922. He was Vice-Chamberlain of the Household from 1922–1924 and from November 1924-December 1925; Conservative Whip, 1922-1925.
He held junior ministerial office as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, and Representative of the Office of Works in the House of Commons from 1925–1927; as Secretary for Overseas Trade, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade, and Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1927–1929; as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, 1933–1934; as Financial Secretary to the War Office, 1934–1935; and as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, 1935-1936.
He was created a Baronet, of Altham in the County Palatine of Lancaster in the 1938 Birthday Honours, was sworn of the Privy Council in the 1929 Dissolution Honours and was raised to the peerage as Baron Hacking, of Chorley in the County Palatine of Lancaster in the 1945 Dissolution Honours.
Other positions held
He was a Member of Empire Parliamentary Delegation to South Africa, 1924; Chairman of Home Office Committee on Compensation for Silicosis, 1926; Chairman of Home Office Committee on Taxicabs (Conditions of Licensing, etc.), 1927; Chairman of Committee on redistribution of Royal Ordnance Factories, 1934; Chancellor of the Primrose League, 1931; Vice-Chairman, National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1930–1932; Government Delegate to League of Nations, Geneva, 1933; Chairman Conservative Party Organisation, 1936–1942; Member General Medical Council, 1932–1947.
Styles of address
- 1884–1918: Mr Douglas Hacking
- 1918–1919: Mr Douglas Hacking MP
- 1919–1929: Mr Douglas Hacking OBE MP
- 1929–1938: The Right Honourable Douglas Hacking OBE MP
- 1938–1945: The Right Honourable Sir Douglas Hacking Bt OBE MP
- 1945–1950: The Right Honourable The Lord Hacking OBE PC[a]
- Although The Lord Hacking was a baronet, by custom the post-nominal of "Bt" is omitted, as Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Dougas Hacking