Douglas Martin Hogg, 3rd Viscount Hailsham, PC, QC (born 5 February 1945) is a British politician and barrister. A member of the Conservative Party he served in the Cabinet as Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food from 1995 to 1997, and was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1979 to 2010.
The Daily Telegraph in 2009 exposed Hogg for claiming upwards of £2,000 of taxpayers' money so-called for the purposes of "cleaning the moat" of his country estate, Kettlethorpe Hall; thus he became one of the most prominent illustrations used by the media to portray the extent of the parliamentary expenses scandal, although it later emerged that Hogg had been encouraged by the House of Commons Fees Office (Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority's precursor) to submit equivalent en bloc expenses "so as to reduce admin". As a result of the negative publicity, Hogg did not seek re-election at the 2010 general election.
Aside from his hereditary peerage, he was made a life peer in the 2015 Dissolution Honours allowing him a seat in the House of Lords. As a member of the House of Lords he is styled Viscount Hailsham by parliamentary custom, the family title to which he succeeded in 2001.
Douglas Hogg, elder son of Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone and former Lord Chancellor, inherited the viscountcy on 12 October 2001 upon the death of his father who had disclaimed that title for life in 1963, but who later accepted a life peerage in 1970; he is the grandson of Douglas Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham, formerly Lord Chancellor and Lord President of the Council until 1938.
He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford. He served as the President of the Oxford Union in Michaelmas (autumn) Term 1965, before graduating with a degree in History in 1966. He was called to the Bar in 1968, after which he practised as a barrister. He became a Queen's Counsel in 1990, a year after his younger sister, Dame Mary Hogg, a barrister later appointed Justice of the Family Division.
Member of Parliament
In Parliament, Hogg served as a member of the Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Select Committee from 1979, until his appointment as Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Leon Brittan in 1982.
Hogg became a junior member of the Government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher following the 1983 general election, when he served as a Whip for a year. He rejoined HM Government in 1986 when he was appointed as a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Home Office, and was promoted in 1989 to Minister of State at the Department of Trade and Industry.
Hogg was moved in 1990 under the leadership of Prime Minister John Major to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, becoming a member of the Privy Council in 1992. He joined Major's Cabinet as the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in 1995, serving in that capacity during the BSE crisis for which he received much criticism and remaining in post until the election of Tony Blair's Labour Government in 1997.
On 3 March 1997, a disgruntled farmer from Anglesey, Louis Hayward, drove six hours from his farm to Kettlethorpe Hall in order to dump three tonnes of pig manure outside Hogg's house.
Following the 1997 general election, Hogg was appointed a member of the Home Affairs Select Committee for a year and was a backbencher Member of Parliament until 2010. The House of Lords Act 1999 removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to a seat in the House of Lords, so when his father died in 2001 (being heir apparent to the peerage), he was not required (as would previously have been the case) to resign from the House of Commons and remained an MP until retiring in 2010.
In the report of his enquiry concerning collusion in Northern Ireland between loyalist paramilitaries and the security forces, under "Other Matters concerning Collusion", a section of Sir John Stevens' report reads:
- "2.17 My Enquiry team also investigated an allegation that senior Royal Ulster Constabulary officers briefed the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, the Rt Hon Douglas Hogg QC MP, that ‘some solicitors were unduly sympathetic to the cause of the IRA’. Mr Hogg repeated this view [their expressed concerns] during a debate on the Prevention of Terrorism legislation in the House of Commons. Within a few weeks Patrick Finucane was murdered. Mr Hogg’s comments about solicitors’ support for terrorism made on 17 January 1989 aroused controversy. To the extent that they were based on information passed by the RUC, they were not justifiable and the Enquiry [Inquiry] concludes that the Minister was compromised." 
In 2009, during the row over MPs' expenses, The Daily Telegraph alleged that Hogg had submitted and was paid a claim form including more than £2,000 for the moat around his country estate, Kettlethorpe Hall, to be cleared. The taxpayer helped meet the cost of a full-time housekeeper. Other allegations included expenses for work done to Hogg’s stables and for his piano to be tuned. He generously spent or perhaps somewhat overspent on his farm and home office: Hogg agreed a deal with the expenses office simply to have one twelfth of the second homes allowance paid into his bank account every month.
In his defence, Hogg resolutely claimed he had not claimed for moat cleaning, and that the items were a list of all expenses incurred during house works, most of which were not paid for by the taxpayer. Hogg responded to the newspaper's claims by saying he had agreed the claims with the Fees Office, and therefore hoped and believed that they would comply with the rules and the "spirit of the rules" as advised. In saying that his claims complied with both the spirit and letter of the rules, Hogg said he had issued, in the interests of transparency, full lists of all his expenditure on the property but these were never meant to be the record of a claim.
On 14 May, Hogg agreed to repay the £2,200 cost of clearing the moat, after an order from the party leadership. He maintained he had not claimed the money but agreed it had not been "positively excluded" from paperwork submitted to the Commons Fees Office. Following the scandal, Hogg announced on 19 May 2009 that he would not stand at the following general election.
House of Lords
In 2013, Hogg stood for election to the House of Lords seat made vacant by the death of the 13th Earl Ferrers, losing to the 5th Viscount Ridley. Months later, he stood for the hereditary peers' vacancy to the 90-elected such seats in the House of Lords, following the death of Hugh Mackay, 14th Lord Reay, when Lord Borwick was elected.
In film and fiction
Marriage and children
- Hon. Charlotte Mary Hogg (born 26 August 1970), previously in charge of retail operations at Santander UK, in 2013 she was appointed first Chief Operating Officer at the Bank of England, under Governor Mark Carney. In March 2017 she served briefly as Deputy Governor (Markets and Banking), before resigning from both positions for failure to declare that her brother was employed in the banking industry.
- Hon. Quintin John Neil Martin Hogg (born 12 October 1973), heir apparent to the viscountcy.
Titles and styles
- Mr. Douglas Hogg (1945–1950)
- The Hon. Douglas Hogg (1950–1979)
- The Hon. Douglas Hogg MP (1979–1990)
- The Hon. Douglas Hogg QC MP (1990–1992)
- The Rt. Hon. Douglas Hogg QC MP (1992–2001)
- The Rt. Hon. The Viscount Hailsham QC MP (2001–2010) [a]
- The Rt. Hon. The Viscount Hailsham PC QC (2010–)
- Continued to be styled Douglas Hogg when MP in House of Commons.
- "Dissolution Peerages 2015". Gov.uk. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- OUS (1967). Rules and Regulations of the Oxford Union Society (1967 ed.). Oxford: OUS.
- Wilson, Richard (16 December 1998). "Minister without a friend". BBC News. Retrieved 1 November 2006.
- Stevens Inquiry 3 Archived 10 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Douglas Hogg MP". TheyWorkForYou. mySociety is a project of UK Citizens Online Democracy (UKCOD). UKCOD is a registered charity in England and Wales, no. 1076346. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
- "MPs Expenses Abuse". Daily Mirror. London. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
- Summers, Deborah (14 May 2009). "Andrew MacKay made 'unacceptable' home claims for eight or nine years". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- Winnett, Robert (11 May 2009). "MPs' expenses: Paying bills for Tory grandees". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 11 May 2009.
- Prince, Rosa (12 May 2009). "MPs' expenses: clearing the moat at Douglas Hogg's manor". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 13 May 2009.
- BBC News
- "Sleaford MP denies he claimed expenses for moat cleaning". Sleaford Standard. Sleaford, Lincolnshire. 12 May 2009. Retrieved 13 May 2009.
MP Douglas Hogg has denied newspaper reports that he claimed more than £2,000 in expenses to have the moat at his Lincolnshire home cleaned. ...the Sleaford and North Hykeham MP told The Standard: "I have never claimed for the moat, or for the piano tuning - the allegation that I did is incorrect. I never claimed for these and I never received any money. "The work to the stables that The Telegraph mentioned was actually for maintenance of security lights which were installed by the Home Office as part of the response to an IRA threat." He said he had issued, in the interests of full transparency, full lists of all his expenditure on the property but these were never meant to be the record of a claim. Mr Hogg said it was clear to the Fees Office that the overall allowable expenses were over the Additional Costs Allowance and that his claim only covered utilities, council tax, building insurance, the alarm system, heating, repairs and maintenance of house and garden and 65% of the cost of a housekeeper to clean and maintain the house and look after it when he and his wife, Baroness Hogg, were away. He said: "It was on this basis and with the express agreement of the Fees Office, in advance and in writing that I was making a monthly claim equal to one-twelfth of the ACA." Mr Hogg added: "I am amongst the lowest claimers in Parliament – specifically 551st out of 645 MPs in 2007/8. "There is no doubt that our system has lost public confidence and we as parliamentarians have got to accept that we are responsible for having put the system in place and that it is probably flawed. "We got it wrong and need to apologise for that, and I do apologise for it."
- "Tory MP Hogg to repay 'moat cost'". BBC News. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
- "Moat claim MP to quit at election". BBC News. 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
- Gammell, Caroline (6 March 2011). "Tory MP who claimed for moat cleaning is denied peerage". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Conservative Hereditary Peers' By-Election, February 2013" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "notice 2417523". The London Gazette.
- The Peerage, entry for 3rd Viscount Hailsham
- Chesshyre, Hubert (1996), The Friends of St. George's & Descendants of the Knights of the Garter Annual Review 1996/97, VII, p. 326
- Conservative Party - Rt Hon Douglas Hogg QC MP biography
- Guardian Unlimited Politics - Ask Aristotle: Douglas Hogg MP
- TheyWorkForYou.com - Douglas Hogg MP
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Douglas Hogg
- The Public Whip - Douglas Hogg MP voting record
- BBC News - Douglas Hogg profile 15 February 2005
- Portraits of Douglas Martin Hogg at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Grantham
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Sleaford and North Hykeham
| Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
Title last held byQuintin Hogg
| Viscount Hailsham