Douglas Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham
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|The Right Honourable
The Viscount Hailsham
|Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain|
28 March 1928 – 4 June 1929
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin|
|Preceded by||The Viscount Cave|
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Sankey|
7 June 1935 – 9 March 1938
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin
|Preceded by||The Viscount Sankey|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Maugham|
|Leader of the House of Lords|
5 November 1931 – 7 June 1935
|Prime Minister||Ramsay MacDonald|
|Preceded by||The Marquess of Reading|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Londonderry|
|Secretary of State for War|
5 November 1931 – 7 June 1935
|Preceded by||The Marquess of Crewe|
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Halifax|
|Lord President of the Council|
9 March 1938 – 31 October 1938
|Prime Minister||Neville Chamberlain|
|Preceded by||The Viscount Halifax|
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Runciman of Doxford|
|Born||28 February 1872|
|Died||16 August 1950 (Age 78)|
Hogg was the son of the merchant and philanthropist Quintin Hogg, seventh son of Sir James Hogg, 1st Baronet (see Hogg Baronets). He was educated at Eton College and then studied sugar growing in the West Indies. After serving in the Boer War he was called to the Bar in 1902.
He was one of the foremost advocates of his age and as Attorney-General guided the Trade Disputes Act of 1927 through the House of Commons after the general strike of 1926 which had ended with large-scale unemployment while those still employed were forced to accept longer hours, lower wages, and district wage agreements. The Trade Disputes and Trade Union Act made mass picketing and all sympathetic strikes illegal and directed that union members had to contract into any political levy. It also forbade civil service unions from affiliating with the Trades Union Congress.
Hogg was a bencher (barrister) who participated in the running of one of the four Inns of Court, Lincoln's Inn. He presided as Lord Chancellor (equivalent to head of the Supreme Court with governmental roles also) during the Conservative governments of 1928-29 and 1935-1938. Accordingly and in view of his handling as to legislation shaping major issues facing the economy in the 1920s, in line with the government's agenda, the government nominated his creation into the most common form of peerage, Baron in 1928 and in one of the last such creations of senior titles outside of the Royal Family, Viscount Hailsham, of the town of the same name in Sussex, the following year. During his second term he was the last Lord High Steward to preside over the trial of a peer (Lord de Clifford) in the House of Lords.
Lord Hailsham married Elizabeth (Brown) Marjoribanks, widow of Hon. Archibald Marjoribanks, and daughter of James Trimble Brown of Tennessee, in 1905, and they had two sons, including the barrister, politician and Lord Chancellor: Quintin Hogg, Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone (who renounced his more senior peerage for his lifetime) and whose son in turn became a barrister and cabinet-level politician.
- Rose, Kenneth (1983). King George V. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. p. 402. ISBN 0-297-78245-2. OCLC 9909629.
It was thus that on the morning of 20 January , three members of the Privy Council came down to Sandringham... MacDonald, the Lord President of the Council; Hailsham, the Lord Chancellor; and Simon, the Home Secretary.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Hailsham