Sir Douglas Kendrew
KCMG, CB, CBE, DSO & Three Bars
|22nd Governor of Western Australia|
25 October 1963 – 6 January 1974
|Preceded by||Sir Charles Gairdner|
|Succeeded by||Sir Hughie Edwards|
|Born||Douglas Anthony Kendrew
22 July 1910
|Died||28 February 1989
|Years of service||1930–1963|
|Commands||29th Infantry Brigade
Army Apprentices School, Harrogate
128th Infantry Brigade
6th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order & Three Bars
Venerable Order of Saint John
Mentioned in Despatches
Major General Sir Douglas Anthony Kendrew KCMG, CB, CBE, DSO & Three Bars (22 July 1910 – 28 February 1989), often known as Joe Kendrew especially during his rugby career, was an officer of the British Army who served in World War II and the Korean War, international rugby player and Governor of Western Australia from 1963 to 1974.
Kendrew was born in Barnstaple, Devon, England on 22 July 1910: he was the elder son of Alexander John Kendrew, and was educated at Uppingham School. He married in 1936 Nora Elizabeth Harvey, of Malin Hall, County Donegal; the couple had a son and a daughter. His daughter Marcia subsequently married Colonel Richard Abel Smith, the son of Sir Henry Abel Smith, a Governor of Queensland.
Kendrew played rugby union for England 10 times and was captain of the team in 1935. He was a member of the 1930 British Lions tour of Australasia but did not represent the Lions in any of the test matches. He captained the Army Rugby Union team in the Army Navy Match against the Royal Navy winning 11–8, on 2 March 1935. In that match he played in a formidable front row of prop Frank Whitcombe and hooker A. J. A. Watson, in a famous victory with the Army team having only 13 players; for most of the match the scrum packed down with only six forwards due to injuries.
He was commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant with the Leicestershire Regiment Supplementary Reserve of Officers on 18 January 1930 and joined the regiment on 28 August 1931. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1934, captain in 1939 and major in 1946 (he held appointments as acting or temporary major, lieutenant colonel, colonel and brigadier at various times and ended the war as a war substantive lieutenant-colonel). From November 1936 until December 1938 he served as Assistant Instructor and Instructor at the Tank Driving and Maintenance School (subsequently the Armoured Fighting Vehicle School) at Bovington Camp. Kendrew was then an Instructor at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst until 1 September 1939.
|Rugby union career|
|Professional / senior clubs|
|Years||Club / team||Caps||(points)|
|Years||Club / team||Caps||(points)|
During World War II, Kendrew served in North Africa and Italy as a Brigade Major from 1942. From 12 February 1943 until 18 March 1943 he was a General Staff Officer, 2nd grade (GSO2) (Operations) at British First Army headquarters in Tunisia. He commanded the 6th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, of 138th Infantry Brigade in 46th Infantry Division, in North Africa and Italy in 1943 and served as Commander of the 128th (Hampshire) Infantry Brigade in Italy, Middle East, Greece and Austria between 1944 and 1946. His leadership and bravery saw the distinction of him being awarded the Distinguished Service Order three times during this period.
After the war, from June until November 1946, he was General Staff Officer, 1st grade (GSO1) (Infantry) at Central Mediterranean Forces headquarters. Two training appointments followed immediately: until August 1948 he was Commandant at the School of Infantry of the British Army of the Rhine and then Commandant at the Army Apprentices School, Harrogate until 13 September 1950. Kendrew had been appointed several times as acting and temporary lieutenant colonel, colonel and brigadier from March 1943 and on 28 July 1951 he received the permanent rank of colonel. He was appointed to the Adjutant General's and Quartermaster General's Staff, Northern Ireland District in October 1950 and served there until 27 September 1952.
During the Korean War, as a temporary brigadier, Kendrew commanded the British 29th Infantry Brigade, Commonwealth Division and received the rare distinction of a fourth award of the DSO. In 1954 and 1955 he served at the Imperial Defence College. He was Brigadier A/Q at the Adjutant General's & Quartermaster General's Staff at Headquarters Northern Command (York) from 10 March 1955 until 28 September 1956.
Kendrew was appointed in the temporary rank of major-general as General Officer Commanding and Director of Operations Cyprus District in October 1956 until October 1958, during a turbulent period of British rule. In September 1958 he survived an assassination attempt by EOKA fighters which killed one of his escorts. During his time in Cyprus, Kendrew's permanent rank was advanced to brigadier on 19 April 1957, and then to that of major-general on 29 June.
For two years from December 1958, Kendrew was Director of Infantry at the War Office in London. He was the Director of Information at the War Office from 1959 to 1960 and then Head of British Defence Liaison Staff at the British High Commission to Australia in Canberra from 1961 to 1963. He retired from the Army on 1 September 1963.
As a retired officer, Kendrew became Colonel of the Royal Leicestershire Regiment from May 1963 until the reorganisation in September 1964 when he became Deputy Colonel of The Royal Anglian Regiment, holding the post until August 1965.
Awards and decorations
- Knight Commander of Order of St Michael and St George (12 July 1963)
- Companion of the Order of the Bath (1 January 1958 – New Year's Honours 1958)
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire (21 December 1944 (Italy))
- Distinguished Service Order and three bars (1 June 1943 (North Africa), 13 January 1944 (Italy), 4 May 1944 (Italy) and 8 December 1953 (Korea))
- Mention in Despatches (23 September 1943 (North Africa))
- Honorary LLD from the University of Western Australia (1969)
- Knight of the Order of St John (June 1964)
- Houterman, Hans. "British Army Officers 1939–1945: Kendrew, [Sir] Douglas Anthony". World War II unit histories. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 17 January 1930. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 28 August 1931.
- The London Gazette: . 28 June 1946. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Steve Lewis, One among Equals, page 278, 2008 (Vertical Editions:London)
- Scrum.com – Joe Kendrew
- The London Gazette: . 22 January 1952. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 23 November 1956. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 28 November 1958. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Glasgow Herald 27 September 1958
- "UK Told of New Plan for Cyprus (NATO Move for Postponement)". The Sydney Morning Herald. 29 September 1958. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 26 July 1957. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 12 December 1958. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 29 November 1960. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 23 May 1961. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 4 June 1963. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 30 August 1963. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 17 May 1963. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 28 August 1964. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 20 August 1965. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 1 October 1963. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 16 July 1963. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 1957. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 19 December 1944. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 28 May 1943. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 11 January 1944. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 2 May 1944. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 4 December 1953. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 21 September 1943. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 26 June 1964. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Cottesmore Army base named as Kendrew Barracks" Stamford Mercury, 23 April 2012
-  The Constitutional Centre of Western Australia
Lieutenant General Sir Charles Gairdner
|Governor of Western Australia
Air Commodore Sir Hughie Edwards