Douglas Lowe (athlete)
Douglas Lowe in 1928
|Competitor for United Kingdom|
|1924 Paris||800 metres|
|1928 Amsterdam||800 metres|
Douglas Gordon Arthur Lowe (7 August 1902 – 30 March 1981) was a British double Olympic Games champion, winning gold medals in 1924 and 1928. On both occasions he set British 800-metres records of 1:52.4 and 1:51.8 respectively, the latter also being an Olympic record.
Born in Manchester, Douglas Lowe first attended Harrow but moved at the age of 14 to Highgate School, where unusually he was made Head Boy for two years before leaving in July 1921. An all-round school sportsman, he excelled as a middle distance runner, winning the Public Schools' 880 yd (805 m) title in 1920. Later, at Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he studied law, he played football and won the 880 yd (805 m) against Oxford in 1922 and 1923, and both the mile (1609 m) and the quarter-mile (402 m) race against them in 1924.
In the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, Lowe won the 800 metres gold medal in a new European record time of 1:52.4. He beat the fellow Cambridge runner Henry Stallard, who had been considered the pre-race favourite. Stallard suffered a leg injury and could only finish fourth. Lowe also came fourth in the 1,500 metres in a time of 3:57.0.
Lowe was defeated in a famous 880 yards race with Germany's Dr. Otto Peltzer at the 1926 AAA Championships. Peltzer won by three yards in a time of 1:51.6 with Lowe (untimed but estimated at 1:52.0) also inside the world record of 1:52.2.
Lowe was a British champion in 440 yd (402 m) and 880 yd (805 m) in 1927 and 1928. In Amsterdam at the Olympic Games Lowe won the 800 metres in a personal best performance of 1:51.8, a full second and eight yards ahead of a world class field. He also anchored the British 4x400 metres relay team that finished 5th.
Lowe set a world record of 1:10.6 for 600 yards in 1926, a distance then recognized by the IAAF for record purposes. His other personal bests included: 440 yards – 48.8 (1927); 800 metres - 1:51.2 (1928); 1,500 metres - 3:57.0 (1924); 1 mile - 4:21.0 (1925).
Lowe retired from athletics at the end of the 1928 season and took up law at the Inner Temple in London, where he was elected a Bencher in 1955. First elected to the Bar Council in 1958, he was President from 1961-64. He was appointed QC in 1964, and was made Recorder of Lincoln in the same year. He was a Governor of Highgate School from 1939-1975.
He was Chairman of the Universities Athletic Union from 1928-36, Honorary Secretary of the Amateur Athletic Association from 1931 to 1938, a Council member of the British Olympic Association from 1928-38 and an IAAF representative from 1931-40.
Douglas Lowe died in Cranbrook, Kent.
- Quercentani, Roberto & Kok, Nejat (1992): Wizards of the Middle Distances: A history of the 800 metres
- Watman, Mel (1981): Encyclopedia of Track and Field Athletics
- Peter Matthews & Ian Buchanan (1995): All-Time Greats of British & Irish Sport
- Wallechinsky, David (2000): The Complete Book of the Olympics
- Lowe, DGA and Porritt, AE (Longmans Green, 1929) : Athletics
- Lowe, DGA (Pitman, 1936): Track and Field Athletics