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With an area of 4,114 km² and a population of 217,000, it is one of the less-densely-populated Portuguese subregions. Its main urban centers are Vila Real (pop. 25,000), Lamego (18,000) and Régua (12,000). Other towns: Foz Côa (3,300) & Tarouca (3,200).
Its economic activity is largely centered on the production of wine, particularly port, and also non-fortified Douro wine from the Douro DOC wine region. The entire region is mountainous and crossed by steep valleys.
Serra do Marão.
Sé/cathedral, Mateus Palace (Vila Real); Remedios and Sé/cathedral (Lamego). Douro Valley wine culture and Coa (Côa) valley, both classified by UNESCO as heritage sights.
There are 19 municipios (concelhos), on both sides of the Douro river; some are towns, others have city status:
There is an airport at Vila Real: Aerodromo de Vila Real/Douro [VRL].