Dovercourt

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Dovercourt
Dovercourt is located in Essex
Dovercourt
Dovercourt
Location within Essex
OS grid referenceTM244308
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHARWICH
Postcode districtCO12
Dialling code01255
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°55′51″N 1°15′49″E / 51.9308°N 1.2637°E / 51.9308; 1.2637Coordinates: 51°55′51″N 1°15′49″E / 51.9308°N 1.2637°E / 51.9308; 1.2637

Dovercourt is a small seaside town and former civil parish, now in the parish of Harwich, in the Tendring district, in the county of Essex, England. It is older than its smaller but better-known neighbour, the port of Harwich, and appears in the Domesday Book of 1086. Today the towns are contiguous. In 1921 the parish had a population of 7695.[1]

Dovercourt is rich with civil war history and as a seaside resort offers shops and cafes for visitors and residents. The main shopping area is The High Street, with shops from independents to the national chains. The town is served by Dovercourt railway station.

History[edit]

The Saxon lord Wulwin/Ulwin was lord in 1066; by 1086 the estate was in possession of Aubrey de Vere I and remained part of the barony of his descendants the Earls of Oxford until the 16th century. It formed part of the dowry of Juliana de Vere when she married Hugh Bigod in the mid-12th century, and the sub-tenancy passed to the Bigod earls of Norfolk who held it as one knight's fee of the Veres. Countess Juliana's son Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk founded a chapel at Harwich and granted it to Colne Priory, Essex, a Vere foundation.[2]

The present town dates back to 1845 when John Bagshaw, an East India merchant, moved to the area and bought the land where Dovercourt now stands. He developed plans to develop a new resort overlooking the sea with the help of W.H. Lindsey, a London architect. He started the project in 1845 by building a mansion, Cliff House, for himself and his family and actively promoted the railway link to the Harwich area. When a chalybeate spring was discovered in the grounds of Cliff House, Bagshaw extended the property to incorporate a spa, library, pump room, and conservatory. He next developed Orwell Terrace where his son Robert John Bagshaw, like his father an MP for Harwich, moved into Banksea House in 1857. However the development project, which included Marine Parade and the Cliff Estate, caused Bagshaw financial difficulties and he was declared bankrupt in 1859. Although Cliffe House was demolished in 1909 and the Spa in 1920, most of his other developments still stand.[3]

On 1 October 1925 the parish was abolished and merged with Harwich St Nicholas to form Harwich.[4]

The 1980s BBC sitcom Hi-de-Hi! was filmed in Dovercourt, at Warner’s Holiday Camp, which transformed into Maplin’s. The camp, under the direction of Anna Essinger and aided by several of the staff from Bunce Court School,[5][6] had been used in 1939 for refugee children arriving to be placed in foster homes in the Kindertransport mission,[7] and was later re-developed as a housing estate, which is known as Hightrees.

Lighthouses[edit]

In 1863 Trinity House erected a pair of cast iron screw-pile lighthouses on the beach, used until 1917 to guide ships around Landguard Point. They served as leading lights and functioned in conjunction with a third lighthouse (a sector light established in 1861) on Landguard Point itself: from seaward the two Dovercourt lights aligned indicated the initial course of approach; vessels would keep to this course until the colour of the Landguard light was seen to change from red to white, whereupon the vessel would take a northerly course into Harwich Haven.[8] When first built the Dovercourt lights used oil lamps and reflectors, and both displayed a fixed (i.e. steady) light. In 1878 the High Light was improved with the installation of a prismatic lens assembly, and in the early 1900s it was given a flashing characteristic following the introduction of gas, in place of oil, as the illuminant for both lights.[9]

In 1917 Harwich Harbour Board took over responsibility for navigation marks in the vicinity and chose to mark the deep-water channel with a series of lighted buoys, rendering the lighthouses redundant. The lights were discontinued, but the structures left in situ. In 1975 both lighthouses were designated as a scheduled monument, together with the stone causeway which runs between them.[10] They were restored in the 1980s;[11] however, following a detailed survey they were placed on Historic England's Heritage at Risk Register in 2019.[12]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population statistics Dovercourt CP/AP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  2. ^ Morant, History of Essex, vol. 1, pp. 497-8.
  3. ^ "Harwich and Dovercourt". Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Relationships and changes Dovercourt CP/AP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  5. ^ Photos and short history of Bunce Court Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine Town of Faversham website. "Bunce Court, Otterden" Retrieved September 28, 2011
  6. ^ "Refugee Children in Britain: Testimony of Hanna Bergas" Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine Yad Vashem History of the Holocaust.org Retrieved October 7, 2011
  7. ^ Cox, Murray (23 November 2008). "'We lived on hope and promises'". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
  8. ^ North Sea Pilot Part III: East Coast of England. London: J. D. Potter. 1882. p. 219.
  9. ^ Long, Neville (1983). Lights of East Anglia. Lavenham, Suffolk: Terence Dalton. pp. 157–158.
  10. ^ "The Dovercourt lighthouses and causeway". Historic England. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Dovercourt". Harwich & Dovercourt Town Council Official Guide. Local Authority Publishing. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  12. ^ "Find out which historic sites are deemed 'at risk'". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 13 February 2021.