Dovyalis hebecarpa

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Dovyalis hebecarpa
A hand-book to the flora of Ceylon (Plate VII) (6430633123).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Dovyalis
Species: D. hebecarpa
Binomial name
Dovyalis hebecarpa
(Gardner) Warb.
Synonyms[1]
  • Aberia gardneri Clos nom. illeg.
  • Aberia hebecarpa (Gardner) Kuntze
  • Rumea hebecarpa Gardner

Dovyalis hebecarpa, with common names Ceylon gooseberry,[2] ketembilla,[2] and kitambilla,[2] is a plant in the genus Dovyalis, native to Sri Lanka and southern India. The fruit are often eaten fresh, or made into jam. Some cultivars have been selected for being thornless (making harvesting easier) and for larger fruit.

The tropical apricot, or ketcot, is a hybrid between D. hebecarpa and D. abyssinica that was developed in Florida in 1953 and is also cultivated for its fruit.

Description[edit]

It is a shrub or small tree growing to 6 m tall, with sharp, 3–6 cm long stem spines in the leaf axils. The leaves are alternately arranged, simple broad lanceolate, 5–10 cm long and 1–3 cm broad, with an entire or finely toothed margin.

The flowers are inconspicuous, solitary or clustered, with no petals. It is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants, though some female plants are parthenogenetic.

The fruit is an edible dark purple globose berry 2–3 cm diameter, very juicy with an acidic flavour, and containing several small seeds. The fruit is quite acidic, so it is usually not eaten fresh.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c USDA GRIN Taxonomy, retrieved 24 December 2015 
  3. ^ Trade Winds Fruit