Downham, Essex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Downham
St Margarets Church Downham - geograph.org.uk - 124041.jpg
St Margaret's
Downham is located in Essex
Downham
Downham
Location within Essex
Area3.36 sq mi (8.7 km2)
OS grid referenceTQ728960
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBILLERICAY
Postcode districtCM11 1
Dialling code01268
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°38′22″N 0°29′24″E / 51.6395°N 0.4901°E / 51.6395; 0.4901Coordinates: 51°38′22″N 0°29′24″E / 51.6395°N 0.4901°E / 51.6395; 0.4901

Downham is a small village in Essex, England. It is located approximately 7 miles (11 km) south of the county town of Chelmsford. The village is in the borough of Chelmsford and in the parliamentary constituency of Rayleigh. However, the closest two towns are Billericay, 3 12 miles (5.6 km) west-southwest, and Wickford, 2 14 miles (3.6 km) southeast.[1]

History[edit]

There is evidence of Roman remains in the village suggesting it was originally of early Saxon origin,[2] though it is not in the Domesday Book.[3] The parish church is dedicated to St Margaret. The oldest section of the church is a 10​12 ft by 11 ft square redbrick tower from the late 15th or early 16th century.[4] However, Christians have been recorded as worshipping on the site for over one thousand years. The nave of the church was restored in the nineteenth century, using some material from an earlier (13th century) building, and the interior was refurbished in the 1970s after a fire in March 1977.[5] The village is home to the Downham Hall, which was once the home of the De Beauvoir family, the building which currently stands is smaller than the original 17th-century mansion.[2]

Geography[edit]

Downham has approximately 200 households.[6] The village has an elevation of 188 feet (57 m) above sea-level and the parish has an area of 2,152 acres (3.36 sq mi).[3] The village is close to Hanningfield Reservoir, with its southwest bank being half a mile from the village centre.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google. "Downham, Essex" (Map). Google Maps. Google.
  2. ^ a b Downham Village Website History
  3. ^ a b William White (of Sheffield.) (1848). History, Gazetteer, and Directory of the County of Essex White. author.
  4. ^ 'Downham', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex, Volume 4, South east. British History Online. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. 1923. p. 33-34. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  5. ^ History of Downham Church
  6. ^ "Statistics". www.ramsdenheath.info. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-03-14.

External links[edit]

Media related to Downham, Essex at Wikimedia Commons