Downhill (1927 film)
|Directed by||Alfred Hitchcock|
|Written by||Play: |
under combined pseudonym:
|Produced by||Michael Balcon |
C. M. Woolf
|Starring||Ivor Novello |
|Cinematography||Claude L. McDonnell|
|Edited by||Ivor Montagu |
|Distributed by||Woolf & Freedman Film Service|
|105 minutes (2012 restoration)|
|Languages||Silent film |
Downhill is a 1927 British silent drama film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Ivor Novello, Robin Irvine and Isabel Jeans, and based on the play Down Hill by Novello and Constance Collier. The film was produced by Gainsborough Pictures at their Islington studios. Downhill was Hitchcock's fourth film as director, but the fifth to be released. Its American alternative title was When Boys Leave Home.
At an expensive English boarding school for boys, Roddy Berwick is school captain and star rugby player. He and his best friend Tim Wakeley start seeing a waitress, Mabel, who tells the headmaster that she is pregnant and that Roddy is the father. However, Tim is the father, and he cannot afford to be expelled because he needs to win a scholarship to attend the University of Oxford. Promising Tim that he will never reveal the truth, Roddy accepts expulsion.
Returning to his parents’ home, Roddy finds that his father Sir Thomas Berwick believes him guilty of the false accusation. Roddy leaves home an finds work as an actor at a theatre, then marries lead actress Julia Fotheringale after inheriting £30,000 from a relation. Julia secretly continues an affair with her leading man Archie and discards Roddy after his inheritance is exhausted. He becomes a taxi dancer (implying that he is also a gigolo) in a Paris dance hall but soon quits, disgusted that he has been romancing older women for money.
Roddy ends up alone and delirious in a shabby room in Marseilles. Some sailors take pity on him and ship him back home, possibly hoping for a reward. Roddy's father has learned the truth about the waitress's false accusation during his son's absence and joyfully welcomes him back. Roddy resumes his previous life.
- Ivor Novello as Roddy Berwick
- Ben Webster as Dr. Dawson
- Norman McKinnel as Sir Thomas Berwick
- Robin Irvine as Tim Wakeley
- Jerrold Robertshaw as Reverend Henry Wakeley
- Sybil Rhoda as Sybil Wakely
- Annette Benson as Mabel
- Lilian Braithwaite as Lady Berwick
- Isabel Jeans as Julia Fotheringale
- Ian Hunter as Archie
- Hannah Jones as The Dressmaker
- Barbara Gott as Madame Michet
- Violet Farebrother as The Poet
- Alf Goddard as The Swede
- J. Nelson as Hibbert
The stage performance had a short run in the West End and longer in the provinces. In the play, Novello thrilled his female fans by washing his bare legs in a scene following a rugby match. An appreciative James Agate, drama critic for the London Sunday Times, wrote: "The scent of good honest soap crosses the footlights." Alfred Hitchcock included a similar scene of Novello for the film, in which he is shown naked from the waist up.
Hitchcock used a variety of screen techniques with a minimum of title cards, preferring instead to allow the film's visual narrative tell the story. The scene after Roddy leaves home opens with the title card "The world of make-believe," but everything else in the scene is conveyed visually. A closeup of Roddy in a tuxedo pulls back to show that he is waiting on a table at a restaurant, where he pockets a woman's wallet. The camera then follows him to reveal that he is actually playing a waiter on stage in a theatre. Hitchcock also incorporated shots of a descending escalator at Maida Vale tube station as a visual metaphor for Roddy's downhill descent. Although in a later interview with Francois Truffaut, Hitchcock called that scene "a naive touch that I wouldn't do today," he also incorporated a later scene of Roddy descending in an elevator for a similar effect. Hitchcock played with shadow and light in much the same way as did directors of German expressionist films of the time, especially F.W. Murnau, for whom Hitchcock had worked as an assistant director. In the Parisian dance-hall scene, Roddy tells his life story to an apparently sympathetic older woman, but as the morning light comes through the windows, he is repelled by the tawdry, decadent scene and the woman's masculine-looking face. Hitchcock experimented with dream sequences by sometimes shooting them in superimpositions, but broke with the common use of blurred images to indicate a hallucinatory scene by "[embodying] the dream in the reality, in solid, unblurred images." While delirious on the ship, Roddy envisions his father approaching him in a manner reminiscent of Murnau's vampire in Nosferatu, and when he returns to London, Roddy envisions a policeman's face as his father's.
Preservation and home video
As with Hitchcock's other British films, all of which are copyrighted worldwide, Downhill has been heavily bootlegged on home video. However, various licensed, restored releases have appeared on DVD, Blu-ray and video on demand from the Network imprint in the UK, The Criterion Collection in the U.S., and many others.
- "Homme fatal: Ivor Novello". The Guardian. 10 January 2004. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- Gale, Maggie B. (14 June 2018). Collier, Constance [real name Laura Constance Hardie; married name Boyle] (1878–1955), actress. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/odnb/9780198614128.013.67797.
- Truffaut, Francois (1984). Hitchcock, revised edition. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 51.
- "Alfred Hitchcock Collectors' Guide". Brenton Film. 8 August 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- "Alfred Hitchcock: Dial © for Copyright". Brenton Film. 30 August 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- "Bootlegs Galore: The Great Alfred Hitchcock Rip-off". Brenton Film. 8 August 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- "Alfred Hitchcock Collectors' Guide: Downhill (1927)". Brenton Film. 7 October 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.