Dr. Ambedkar Government Law College, Chennai

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Dr. Ambedkar Government Law College
Inside madras law college old building, Sep 2013.jpg
Motto Fiat justitia ruat caelum
("Let justice be done though the heavens fall.")
Type Government Law College
Established 1891
Parent institution

1891-1996: University of Madras

1996-present: Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University
Students 1500
Location Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Nickname AGLC
Website http://www.draglc.ac.in/

Dr. Ambedkar Government Law College (often referred to as Government Law College or GLC, Chennai) is a law college, located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, established in 1891. It was formerly known as Madras Law College. It is a prestigious institution that produced several legal luminaries of the 20th century. But today, it stands neglected due to lack of funds and the arrival of many other law schools. In 1990, it was renamed by the Government of Tamil Nadu in commemoration of the birth centenary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the father of Indian constitution. Since 1997, It has been affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, splitting from the University of Madras.

History[edit]

The Legal Education in Tamil Nadu has a long and interesting history. Advocate General Mr. George Norton was the first to conceive the idea of Legal education in Madras. The genesis of Legal Education can be traced to the informal law classes conducted by him in his house in the form of conversations in the early 19th century. In 1852, at the direction of Sir Henry Eldred Pottinger, the Governor of Madras from 1848–1854, a Government High School was expanded into the Presidency College, Chennai.

Mr. John Bruce Norton, who was appointed as the first Professor of law in 1855, delivered his lectures at the Presidency College, Chennai. Till 1884, there was only one Professor of Law in the Presidency College, Chennai. In order to supplement lectures by tutorials, a second Professor was appointed in 1884. To him, the tutorial work was entrusted. The Scheme was put on trial for two years. Since it proved a success, it was continued for two more years from 1 January 1886.

Mr. H.B. Grigg, the Director of Public Instruction, evinced keen interest in improving the status of the legal education. He sent a proposal to the Government for setting up a Central Law College in Madras. The Government concurred with the conclusion of the Director of Public Instruction that changes were necessary in the arrangements for Law Instruction and that an independent institution should be established.

In 1885, Mr. Justice T. Muthuswamy Iyer gave his warm support to the proposal. The establishment of the Law College as an independent institution under the control of the Director of Public instruction was sanctioned by the Secretary of State, on the advice of the Council of Legal Studies (Education) in London. Mr. Reginald, A. Nelson, the first Principal, entered upon his duties on 2 May 1891.

Thus, the Law College came into existence. For seven and a half years after birth, it had no habitation of its own and the College was housed at the Senate House of the University of Madras. A project to place the new institution as near the High Court as possible led to the selection of a site for erecting a structure to the west of the High Court building. The present building of the Law College was designed by Mr.Henry Irwin, the Government Architect. The Law College moved into this building on 9 January 1899. As a natural consequence of gaining a building of its own, the Law College was converted into a whole time institution.[1]

The Diamond Jubilee of Madras Law College was celebrated on 14 March 1952.[2] P. V. Rajamannar, the first Indian to become the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court, presided over the function.

The Law College in Madras, c. 1905
Madras High Court and the Law College

Admission[edit]

At present, the admissions are made through Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University. It enrolls 562 students every year.

Academics[edit]

In the early seventies, the College was upgraded into a Post Graduate Institution with the introduction of M.L. Courses. It primarily offers 5 years integrated B.A., B.L and 3 years B.G.L. Under-graduate programmes.

From 1973-74, the Tamil Language has also been made as a medium of instruction in Law as part of a Government Policy to introduce Tamil as Official Language at all levels in the State.

With a view to upgrading the standards of legal education, B.A.B.L., (Hons) course was initially introduced in the college from the academic year 2002-2003. But the same was shifted to the Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University with effect from the academic year 2006-2007.

Campus[edit]

The Madras Law College is located within the campus of High Court of Madras and looks very similar to the High Court structures. Many South-Indian movies usually portray the Law college structures as Court halls wherever the court scenes are involved.[citation needed]

The College's Primary structure is a classic example of Indo-Saracenic Architectural style, built by English architects Robert Fellowes Chisholm and Henry Irwin. This building houses most of the Administrative sections of the College and the Moot Hall. The Library used to be there until a separate block was built for it. A Newer block houses most of the class rooms these days. The College campus contains a few other old structures and tombs.

The College doesn't provide a hostel within its campus. The Law college Men's Hostel has been at 92, Millers Road Kilpauk, Chennai since 1959 and the Law college Women's Hostel is at 133, Walajah Road, Chepauk, Chennai. The Hostels are allotted on the basis of merit.

David Yale and Thomas Tomb

Culture[edit]

The College has been the center of many controversies starting from late 90's. Very often, the students of the college were involved in strikes and the college has seen a lot of politics. There have been many instances where the students clashed among themselves violently due to some caste-based politics. But nevertheless, there have always been another class of students dedicated to studies.

The College has been actively participating in many Moot courts, both in India and Internationally. It has won quite a lot of Moot Courts.

It occasionally hosts its own National level Moot Court Competition called as FIAT JUSTITIA. It was last conducted in 2016

List of Principals[edit]

Succession List of Principals
S.No Name From To
1. Thiru R.A. Nelson B.A.,L.L.B.,

Bar-at-law

1891 1913
2. Thiru K. Narayana Rao B.A., L.L.B., 

I.C.S. Director of Legal Studies and Head of the Department.

(Actg.) 28th July 25th August 1902
3. Thiru. Charles E.Odgers M.A.B.C.L

(Bar-at-law)

(Actg.) 26th August 25th November 1902
2nd February 1905 19th August 1906
30th June 1908 22nd April 1909
4. Dr. S. Swaminathan

(Bar-at-law)

(Actg.) 29th June 1908 18th Oct 1909
9th July 1912 12th Dec. 1913
5. Thiru. Arthur Davies, B.A.,

(Bar-at-law)

1913 1927
6. Thiru C. Madhavan Nair, B.L.,

Bar-at-Law

(Actg.) 5th July 1920
7. Thiru C. Kunhi Raman, B.A., B.L.,

Bar-at-Law

(Actg.) 10th Apr 1924 2nd March 1925
8. Thiru M. Rathnaswami, M.A.,

Bar-at-Law

1928 1929
9. Thiru K. Krishna Menon, M.A., B.C.L., 1930 1949
10. Thiru S. Govindarajulu Naidu, B.A. LL.B., (cantab), B.L.,

(Madras),Bar-at-Law.

1949 1952
11. Prof.A.Palaniswami, M.L

Principal and Head of Department

1967 1968
12. Prof. C. Rajaraman, M.A., LL.B.,

(Cantab), Bar-at-law

1974 1978
13. Prof. Master Sankaran, M.L., 1978 1983
14. Prof. T. Audiseshan, M.L. 1983 1995
15. Prof.S.Narayanaswamy, M.L., 1995 1997
16. Prof. C. Robin, M.A., LL.M., 1st June 2008 31st July, 2011.
17. Dr. G.C. Kothandan M.A.,(Hist.) M.A. (Soci.)., M.L., D.C.F.Sc., Ph.D. 2002 2004
18. Dr.G.P.Godhana Gandhi, M.A.M.L., D.R.S., D.H.ED., Ph.D., 2004 2005
19. Prof.C.Robin, M.A., LL.M., 2005 2006
20. Dr. J.Jayamani, M.L. Ph.D.,M.A.M.L., D.R.S., D.H.ED., Ph.D., 2006 2008
21. Prof. M. Mohamed Iqbal, M.A., LL.M., 2008 2011
22. Prof. K. Balaji Naidu, M.A., M.L., M.Phil., 2011 2012
23. Prof. Dr. S.Narayanaperumal, M.L., Ph.D., 2012 2013
24. Prof.Dr.N.S.Santhosh Kumar M.Com.,M.A.,M.L.,Ph.D., 2013 2014
25. Prof.Dr.K.Murugadoss B.Com.,M.L.,D.T.L., Ph.D., 2014 2016
26. Prof.C.Chockalingam M.A., M.L., Ph.D., 2016 Till Date

Notable alumni[edit]

Kindly note that this list is incomplete and a lot of distinguished personalities may be missing.

Presidents[edit]

Chief Justices of India[edit]

Judges of the Supreme Court of India[edit]

Judges of the High Courts[edit]

Chief Ministers of States[edit]

Ministers[edit]

Advocates[edit]

Others[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of the College, Official Website.
  2. ^ dated 15 March 1952: Law and Life, The Hindu. Friday, 15 Mar 2002
  3. ^ Hon’ble Mr. Justice M.Karpaga Vinayagam, Jharkhand High Court, Official Website
  4. ^ A fitting tribute to son of the soil, The Hindu. 14 April 2007

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°5′15.17″N 80°17′8.27″E / 13.0875472°N 80.2856306°E / 13.0875472; 80.2856306