Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University
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Ḍŏ. Bābāsāhēb Āmbēḍakar Marāṭhavāḍā Vidyāpīṭh
|Motto||"Knowledge is sacred and is the source of enlightenment"|
|Chancellor||Shri. Bhagat Singh Koshyari|
|Vice-Chancellor||Prof. Pramod Yeole|
|Campus||Urban, total 725 acres (2.9339 km2)|
|Affiliations||UGC, NAAC, AIU|
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University (BAMU), formerly Marathwada University, is located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, Republic of India. It is named after Bharat Ratna B. R. Ambedkar, an Indian jurist, political leader, academic and the architect of the Indian Constitution. This university was established primarily on the initiative of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar so as to fill the huge lacuna of higher education facilities in western Vidarbha, Marathwada and North maharashtra region. The university was established on 23 August 1958. This university has contributed to the progress of adjoining regions and people in innumerable ways. Since its inception, the university has around 456 colleges affiliated to it, which come under four districts (Aurangabad, Jalna, Beed and Osmanabad) of Maharashtra State. The student population exceeds 4,44,336.
There were nine colleges in Marathwada, listed below, all affiliated with Osmania University at Hyderabad in current Andhra Pradesh state. In response to demand of the public in Marathwada region for a university, the government appointed on 27 April 1957 a committee with the charter to provide recommendations regarding establishment of such a university. The then governor of Bombay state signed the Marathwada University Act on 5 May 1958. Shri Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, inaugurated Marathwada University on 23 August 1958 at Aurangabad on the premises of the temporary main building of the university.
S.R. Dongerkery became the first vice-chancellor. Affiliation of the following nine colleges was transferred from Osmania University to the newly formed Marathwada University:
- The Government College of Arts and Science, Aurangabad (established in 1923).
- The Milind Mahavidyalaya, Aurangabad (established in 1950).
- The People's College, Nanded (established in 1950).
- The Government College of Education, Aurangabad (established in 1954).
- The Marathwada College of Agriculture, Parbhani (established in 1956).
- The Manikchand Pahade Law College, Aurangabad (established in 1956).
- The Government Medical College, Aurangabad (established in 1956).
- The Yogeshwari Science College, Mominabad (established in 1956).
- The Arts and S.B.L. Commerce College, Jalna (established in 1958).
In 1978, the Maharashtra Chief Minister, the state legislature and University administration approved the renaming University after B. R. Ambedkar. This decision was strongly opposed by Hindu community resulting in the anti-Dalit pogrom. The Namantar Andolan was the renaming movement raised by Dalits for 16 years. On 14 January 1994 the University name was renamed as "Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University".
The university campus covers more than 725 acres (2.93 km2). The hills provide a picturesque background. The Aurangabad caves are embedded in the campus. The Soneri Mahal (Golden Palace), an ancient monument at the foot of the hills, is at the center of the campus, while Bibi Ka Maqbara is at the north side.
Knowledge Resource Centre is the main library of the University. The University library was founded in the year 1958 as the Varsity library. The University library houses some old books dating all the way back to the year 1600. Recently Knowledge Resource Centre subscribed to the World E-book Library through a Noida-based company, which will enable the students to access over 300,000 e-books including journals and other documents.
Coat of arms
The university's coat of arms bears the following emblems:
- An Ajanta Arch with the university motto inscribed in its base. The arch is a symbol of the glory of the art of painting and sculpture which reached their acme in the Ajanta Caves.
- An open book lying on a book-rest, symbolising learning.
- A sheaf of jowar, representing agriculture, the chief means of livelihood of the people of Marathwada.
- Two elephants, representing the strength of purpose of the people of Marathwada.
- A wheel representing progress.
The coat of arms may be regarded as fair representation of the aims and ideals of the university, which has been established among, people mainly devoted of the vocation of agriculture, with a rich cultural back ground and a firm determination to pursue knowledge and learning and at the same time to achieve economic and industrial progress. The motto affirms the inviolability of knowledge; a quality that abides is knowledge itself.
Academics and departments
BAMU has 56 departments running in its Campus and Sub-Campus. On 5 August 2004, a subcenter of BAMU was established at Osmanabad. It has been temporarily started at Government Ayurvedic College in Osmanabad. It has ten PG departments.
University has established University Network and Information Centre (UNIC). The UNIC is a complete ISP setup with advance internet servers and firewalls. The main function of UNIC is to create and maintain IT facilities in the University campus to facilitate teaching, learning and research. The IT Facilities includes Computers, Internet facility (Broad Band and WiFi, data network: access to the Internet, the electronic mailetc.), class rooms ICT facilities (LCD Projector, Smart board, Internet etc), up-gradation and maintenance of university website and other computing equipments.
Well Equipped University Data Centre: In 2010, 2 Tier Data Centre running 24X7 has been constructed with additional Intel Rack and Blade servers serving Active Directory, Licensing servers, UTM and log servers. In 2016-17, university established a system having HP Blade servers to host Examination Result Processing Server(ERPS),Database Server and Dell EMC 3200 storage server, two Unified Threat Management (UTM) Fotrigate1000D for redundancy to cater the need of secured and high speed connectivity.
Campus Area Network (CAN) Connectivity: Optical Fibre Cable (OFC) connectivity was established in the campus to provide high speed intranet andinternet access. At present, all academic, administrative departments, student hostels and staff quarters are connected through OFC network of around 17.2 KM.
CAT 5/6 connectivity: The LAN connectivity (CAT 5/6 connectivity) has been established at the desk of teaching, non-teaching,administrative staff along with the computer labs. Almost all computers are connected through LAN andall computers are loaded with licensed software.
Digital Studio: Well-furnished digital studio is established in the campus having 50 apple computers for e-content development.
Wi-Fi connectivity: In 2009, the Wi-Fi facility was available in some of the University departments. However, in 2013-14, the Wi-Fi facility was upgraded and deployed in the entire university campus 24/7, with high density coverage on students’ own devices as well as on mobile computing equipments. The University has signed MoU with Reliance Jio Infocomm Ltd. for installation, commissioning and maintenance of Wi-Fi connectivity in university campus.
Internet bandwidth: Internet bandwidth of 8 Mbps which was installed in 2005-07 was upgraded to 1 Gbps under NMEICT/NKN project with additional 1000 Mbps ILL from BSNL, which is currently serving with near about 2 Gbps to university stakeholders. As the entire university campus is Wi-Fi enabled, students and faculty members have access to electronic databases that encourages them to use e-learning resources.
Student halls of residence
There are separate halls of residence for both boys and girls those who are enrolled at university.
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Boys Hostel No. 1
- Siddharth Sanshodhan Chatra Boys Hostel No. 2
- Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil Boys Hostel No. 3 (Earn and Learn)
- Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde Boys Hostel No. 4
- Boys Rest-House
- Krantijoyti Savitribai Phule Hostel Girls Hostel No. 1
- Matoshri Jijau Girls Hostel No. 2
- Priyadarshini Ladies Hostel
- Gangadhar Pantawane
- Sukhadeo Thorat
- Nirupama Rao
- Ravindra Gaikwad
- Madhusudan Manikrao Kendre
- Makarand Anaspure
- Varsha Usgaonkar
- Janardan Waghmare
- Sunil Gaikwad
- "डॉ. प्रमोद येवले यांची डॉ. बाबासाहेब आंबेडकर मराठवाडा विद्यापीठाच्या कुलगुरुपदी नियुक्ती". Loksatta (in Marathi). 15 July 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
- University, Website. "Dr.BAMU Affiliated Colleges" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2012.
- Damle, Y.B. (January–June 1994). "Holocaust in Marathwada" (PDF). ICSSR Research Abstracts Quarterly. Indian Council of Social Science and Research. XXIII. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- Atyachar Virodh Samiti (12 May 1979). "The Marathwada Riots: A Report". Economic and Political Weekly. 14 (19): 845–852. JSTOR 4367590. (subscription required)
- Jaoul, Nicolas (2008). "The 'Righteous Anger' of the Powerless: Investigating Dalit Outrage over Caste Violence". South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal (2). doi:10.4000/samaj.1892. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Shastree, Uttara (1996). Religious Converts in India: Socio-political Study of Neo-Buddhists. Mittal Publications. pp. 100–101. ISBN 9788170996293.
- "Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University set to open dedicated research e-library tomorrow". TOI. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- "University Library". BAM University. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- Facilities, Hall of Residence. "Hostels". Archived from the original on 14 October 2012.
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