|Born||Emanuel Theodor Heilbronner
February 1, 1908
|Died||March 7, 1997
|Occupation||Soap maker, entrepreneur, philosopher|
|Known for||Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps|
Emanuel Theodore Bronner (born Emanuel Heilbronner (help·info), February 1, 1908 – March 7, 1997) was the maker of Dr. Bronner's Castile soap. He was a moral philosopher who used product labels to promote his ideas, including a belief in the goodness and unity of humanity.
Bronner was born in Heilbronn, Germany, to the Heilbronner family of soap makers. He emigrated to the United States in 1929, dropping "Heil" from his name because of its associations with Nazism. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1936. As the family was Jewish, he pleaded with his parents to emigrate with him for fear of the then-ascendant Nazi Party, but they refused. His last contact with his parents was in the form of a censored postcard saying, "You were right. —Your loving father." His parents died in the Holocaust.
He started his business making products by hand in his home. The product labels are crowded with statements of Bronner's philosophy, which he called "All-One-God-Faith" and the "Moral ABC". Many of Bronner's references came from Jewish and Christian sources, such as the Shema and the Beatitudes; others from writers such as Rudyard Kipling and Thomas Paine. On his labels he referred to the Jewish sage Hillel the Elder as "Rabbi Hillel" and to Jesus Christ as "Rabbi Jesus." The labels became famous for their idiosyncratic style, including hyphens to join long strings of words and the liberal use of exclamation marks.
In 1947, while promoting his "Moral ABC" at the University of Chicago, Bronner was arrested for giving a lecture without a permit after the Dean objected to a student group inviting him to speak and committed to the Elgin Mental Health Center, a mental hospital in Elgin, Illinois, from which he escaped after shock treatments. Bronner believed those shock treatments brought about his eventual blindness.
After moving his family several times, he settled in Escondido, California, where eventually his soap-making operation grew into a small factory. At his death in 1997, it produced more than a million bottles of soap and other products a year, but was still not mechanized. The firm has been the subject of many published articles and has supported many charitable causes.
After Bronner's death, his family have continued to run the business. His grandson David Bronner is currently CEO. The family has said the labels he wrote will not change except when required by government regulations.
- "On his soapbox: Man of ideas lathered his cleansing product with messages". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 1997-06-08. Archived from the original on 2007-03-12. Retrieved 2010-06-05.
- Bryony Gomez Palacio, Armin Vit (2011). Graphic Design Referenced: A Visual Guide to the Language, Applications, and History of Graphic Design. Rockport Publishers. p. 311. ISBN 978-1592537426.
- "Dr. Bronner's Soap".
- Lubinski, Christina and Marvin Menniken. "Emanuel Bronner." In Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present, vol. 5, edited by R. Daniel Wadhwani. German Historical Institute. Last modified October 25, 2013.
- "Why the weird religious ravings on Dr. Bronner's soap?". The Straight Dope. 1988-04-22. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
- Foster, Tom (2012-04-03). "The Undiluted Genius of Dr. Bronner's". Inc.com. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- https://https Archived August 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. "The Moral ABC [Parts] I & II" by Dr. Emmanuel Bronner. Page 23: "Rabbi Hillel taught Jesus to unite the whole human race in our Eternal Father’s great, All-One-God-Faith." Page 36: "A Human being must teach friend & Enemy the Moral ABC uniting all mankind free or that being is not yet human! Rabbi Jesus’ full truth No. 1." Page 39: "To stay free: Small minds discuss people. Average minds discuss events. Great minds teach Rabbi Hillel’s Moral ABC."
- Philpott, Tom (2014-10-20). "Why Did Top Scientific Journals Reject This Dr. Bronner's Ad?". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- Sherman, Pat (February 2007). "In the Spirit of Soap: Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps may be Escondido's cleanest (and perhaps oddest) success story". San Diego Magazine. CurtCo/SDM. 59 (4): 107. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Gail Grenier Sweet (January 2001). ""Next To Godliness: The Story Behind Dr. Bronner's Soap," an interview with Ralph Bronner". The Sun (magazine). Archived from the original on 2001-05-08. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
2 million bottles are packed by hand ... Four to five people, not working fast, pack them with no machines
- Harkinson, Josh (2014-05-24). "How Dr. Bronner's Soap Turned Activism Into Good Clean Fun". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- Leson, Gero. "Applying Fair Trade Principles To A Manufacturing Supply Chain (presentation by Gero Leson, Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps Director of Special Operations)" (PDF). World Fair Trade Organization. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- "Movie Review - Dr. Bronner's Magic Soapbox: Beneath the Bubbles". The New York Times. 2007-06-29.
- McClelland, Mac (2007). "Dr. Bronner's Magic Soapbox". Mother Jones (November/December). Retrieved 2014-10-24.