Draco maculatus

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Draco maculatus
Preserved specimens cutted - Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology - DSC02409.JPG
Preserved museum specimen
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Draco
Species:
D. maculatus
Binomial name
Draco maculatus
(Gray, 1845)
Draco maculatus distribution.png
Synonyms
  • Dracunculus maculatus Gray, 1845
  • Draco maculatus Cantor, 1847
  • Draco haasei Boettger, 1893
  • Draco maculatus Boulenger, 1885[1]

Draco maculatus, commonly known as the spotted flying dragon, is a species of agamid flying lizard endemic to Southeast Asia. It is capable of gliding from tree to tree.

Description[edit]

Head small; snout a little longer than the diameter of the orbit; nostril lateral, directed outwards; tympanum scaly. Upper head-scales unequal, strongly keeled; a compressed prominent scale on the posterior part of the superciliary region; 7 to 11 upper labials. The male's gular appendage very large, always much longer than the head, and frequently twice as long; female also with a well-developed but smaller gular sac. Male with a very small nuchal crest. Dorsal scales but little larger than the ventrals, irregular, smooth or very feebly keeled; on each side of the back a series of large trihedral keeled distant scales. The fore limb stretched forwards reaches beyond the tip of the snout; the adpressed hind limb reaches a little beyond the elbow of the adpressed fore limb, or to the axilla. Greyish above, with more or less distinct darker markings; a more or less distinct darker interorbital spot; wing-membranes above with numerous small round black spots, which are seldom confluent, beneath immaculate or with a few black spots; a blue spot on each side of the base of the gular appendage.[2]

From snout to vent length, 82 mm (3.2 in); tail, 115 mm (4.5 in).[2]

Subspecies[edit]

The following four subspecies (or races) are recognized, including the nominotypical subspecies:[1]

  • Draco maculatus divergens Taylor, 1934: NW Thailand; type locality = "Chiang Mai, N Siam"; restricted to "Doi Suthep Mountain" by Taylor, 1963.
  • Draco maculatus haasei Boettger, 1893: E Thailand, Cambodia, S Vietnam; type locality = "Chantaboon, Siam".
  • Draco maculatus maculatus (Gray, 1845)
  • Draco maculatus whiteheadi Boulenger, 1900: N Vietnam, Hainan; type locality = "Five-finger Mountains, interior of Hainan".

Geographic range[edit]

From Assam and Yunnan to Singapore.

Southern China (Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan, Tibet), India (E. Himalayas to Assam), Bangladesh (Satchari National Park, Sylhet), Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand and W. Malaysia.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  2. ^ a b Boulenger GA. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Draco maculatus, p. 112).

References[edit]

  • Boettger O. 1893. "Ein neuer Drache (Draco) aus Siam". Zool. Anz. 16: 429-430.
  • Boulenger GA. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume I. Geckonidæ, Eublepharidæ, Uroplatidæ, Pygopodidæ, Agamidæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 436 pp. + Plates I- XXXII. (Draco maculatus, pp. 262–263).
  • Boulenger GA. 1900. "On the reptiles, batrachians (and fishes) collected by the late Mr. John Whitehead in the interior of Hainan". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1899: 956-959.
  • Cantor TE. 1847. "Catalogue of reptiles inhabiting the Malayan Peninsula and Islands". J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal [Calcutta] 16 (2): 607-656, 897-952, 1026–1078.
  • Gray JE. 1845. Catalogue of the Specimens of Lizards in the Collection of the British Museum. London: Trustees of the British Museum. (Edward Newman, printer). xxvii + 289 pp. (Dracunculus maculatus, p. 236).
  • Günther A. 1861. "Second list of Siamese reptiles". Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Third Series 8: 266-268.
  • McGuire, Jimmy A.; Heang, Kiew Bong. 2001. "Phylogenetic systematics of Southeast Asian flying lizards (Iguania: Agamidae: Draco) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 203-229.
  • Smith MA. 1935. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. II.—Sauria. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 440 pp. + Plate I + 2 maps. (Draco maculatus, pp. 138–140, Figure 42 + Figure 41 A on p. 136).

External links[edit]