Anne Gamble Kennedy

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Anne Gamble Kennedy (25 September 1920 – 11 June 2001) was an American classical pianist, piano professor, and accompanist for the Fisk Jubilee Singers of Nashville, Tennessee.

Early life[edit]

Anne Lucile Gamble was born in Charleston, West Virginia to Dr. Henry Floyd Gamble and the former Nina Hortense Clinton.[1] She was the younger of two children born to that union. She had two older step-siblings, Katherine Lee Gamble and Henry Floyd Gamble, Jr. Anne was eleven years old when her father was killed in a car accident in 1932. Dr. Gamble's mother had been a slave on the Howard's Neck Plantation in Goochland County, Virginia. His father, Henry Harmon Gamble, was a foreman on the same plantation, and of Scotch-Irish and Native-American descent.[1] Anne's mother was a high school music teacher and a member of Frederick J. Loudin's Jubilee Singers, and witnessed and photographed the coronation of King Edward VII in 1902[1] while on tour with the group in London.

Kennedy and famed contralto Marian Anderson were dear friends and colleagues. The two met when Anderson stayed in Dr. Gamble's home while in Charleston because, as an African-American, she was not allowed to stay in hotels.[2]

She received her early education in Charleston public schools, which were segregated at the time. She later studied in the Junior Department at West Virginia State College under David Carroll and Theodore Phillips. Matriculating at Fisk University in 1937, she graduated cum laude in 1941 with a Bachelor of Arts degree, and joined the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority. She then won competitive scholarships at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music while studying with the Conservatory Director, Dr. Frank Shaw, and later with John Elvin, receiving a Bachelor of Music degree. Her further education included study at the Juilliard School of Music, George Peabody College, and artist training with pianist Ray Lev in New York.[3][4]

Career[edit]

Early in her career, Kennedy had been engaged to appear as piano soloist with the West Virginia Symphony Orchestra in a performance of Rachmaninoff's Second Piano Concerto. A few months before the concert, the conductor died suddenly. Her contract was canceled by the conductor's replacement due to suspected racist sentiment.[5] She also auditioned for Duke Ellington while he was in Charleston, who invited her to perform in New York. Kennedy was a performing artist and teacher, and launched a concert career after serving on the piano faculties of HBCUs Tuskegee Institute and Talladega College.[6] Her career was interrupted when she accepted an invitation extended by Professor John Wesley Work III in 1950 to teach piano at Fisk University for one semester.[7] The "one semester" resulted in Kennedy's tenure of thirty-two years.[8][9] For seventeen of her years at Fisk, she served as accompanist and piano soloist with the Fisk Jubilee Singers under directors John Wesley Work and Matthew Kennedy.[10][11][12][13] In 1956 she married Matthew Kennedy in the Fisk Memorial Chapel.[14] Their wedding was a gift from then Fisk President Charles S. Johnson. Their daughter is pianist, filmmaker, and orchestral conductor Nina Kennedy.[15][16]

During a Caribbean concert tour in 1955, Anne Gamble Kennedy performed for the heads of state in Kingston, Jamaica; the Virgin Islands; and Port-au-Prince, Haiti, giving a command performance for President and Madame Paul Magloire.[3]

Kennedy and her husband traveled and performed as duo pianists,[17][14] and were known for their rendition of Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos.[18] She received critical acclaim for her performances of Norman Dello Joio's A Jubilant Song and Undine Smith Moore's Lord We Give Thanks to Thee with the Fisk Jubilee Singers under Matthew Kennedy at New York's Carnegie Hall[19] and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, DC.[20][21] Her final faculty recital at Fisk in 1970 included the Liszt Sonata in B minor, Bach-Tausig's Toccata and Fugue in D minor, Chopin's Barcarolle, Ravel's Valses Nobles et Sentimentales, and John W. Work's Appalachia Suite.[22] She also received critical acclaim for her performance of Beethoven's Choral Fantasy as piano soloist with the Nashville Symphony and the Fisk University Choir.[23][14][24]

In 1954, artist Aaron Douglas selected Anne Gamble for a series of portraits of distinguished Fisk faculty, commissioned by Fisk University.[25]

After her retirement from Fisk, Kennedy was known for her performances of her own arrangement of Albert Malotte's "The Lord's Prayer."[4] She participated in community activities, including The Women's Advisory Committee of the Tennessee Performing Arts Foundation; music consultant for the Fine Arts Committee of the Nashville Chamber of Commerce; member of "The Outing" Committee, Nashville Symphony Benefit; Vice President of the John W. Work, III Memorial Foundation;[26] the Nashville Chapter of Links, Inc.; and a Life Member of the NAACP. A music scholarship at Fisk University has been named in honor of Kennedy and her husband, titled "The Matthew and Anne Gamble Kennedy Scholarship Fund."[27]

Recordings[edit]

"The Dream Boogie" by David N. Baker, Eye of the Storm, Fisk University 43rd Annual Arts Festival, 1972[28]

Concert Étude in D-flat Major "Un Sospiro," by Franz Liszt, Wilcox-Gay Corporation, 1947

Malagueña by Ernesto Lecuona, Wilcox-Gay Corporation, 1947

Polonaise in A-flat major, Op. 53, by Frédéric Chopin, Wilcox-Gay Corporation, 1947

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Henry Floyd Gamble". West Virginia Division of Culture and History.
  2. ^ Kennedy, Anne Gamble. Correspondence : with Marian Anderson, 1970–1981. OCLC 63559238.
  3. ^ a b Fisk University Department of Music, Program Number Seven, 1969-70 Season. Faculty Recital Program - Archives.
  4. ^ a b FBCCH, (2001). Anne Gamble Kennedy funeral program: First Baptist Church, Capitol Hill – Archives.
  5. ^ Kennedy, N. (1987). Anne Gamble and Matthew Kennedy: Taped interviews: Fisk University Library.
  6. ^ "Music Critics Praise Anne Gamble, Pianist". The Pittsburgh Courier. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. September 27, 1947. p. 8 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ Moon, Fletcher F. (2016). "So "Fisk" ticated Ladies and Gentlemen: Highlights From 150 Years of Fisk University's Musical Tradition, Impact, and Influence". Tennessee State University.
  8. ^ "Fisk Seniors Urged To Help Hopeless". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. May 12, 1975. p. 18 – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ Stone, Ruth M. (September 25, 2017). "The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: The World's Music: General Perspectives and Reference Tools". Routledge – via Google Books.
  10. ^ "Jubilee Singers Acclaimed by Audience" (PDF). The Madisonian. 7 (2). February 2, 1959.
  11. ^ Still, Judith Anne; Dabrishus, Michael J.; Quin, Carolyn L. (April 3, 1996). "William Grant Still: A Bio-bibliography". Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 207 – via Google Books.
  12. ^ "Gerri Major's Society World". Jet. Vol. 44 no. 6. Johnson Publishing Company. May 17, 1973. ISSN 0021-5996 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ Hillinger, Charles (April 6, 1986). "Group Hits the Right Notes at Fisk: Jubilee Singers Preserve Black Songs of Plantation Life". The Los Angeles Times.
  14. ^ a b c "Two Generations of Pianists Scheduled". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. February 1, 1981. p. 88 – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ https://digitalscholarship.tnstate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1014&context=lib
  16. ^ "A Spiritual Sound". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. May 15, 1986. p. 98 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "Anne Gamble Kennedy and Matthew Kennedy will perform..." The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. October 3, 1980. p. 52 – via Newspapers.com.
  18. ^ "Matthew Kennedy: ONE MAN'S JOURNEY -Part 6". NinaKennedyFilmMaker. October 20, 2009 – via YouTube.
  19. ^ "The Fisk Jubilee Singers at Carnegie Hall". fem-culturenews.infemnity.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  20. ^ "The Fisk Jubilee Singers at the Kennedy Center". fem-culturenews.infemnity.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  21. ^ Nicholas, Louis (October 7, 1971). "Emotion Fills Fisk Tribute to Singers". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. p. 33 – via Newspapers.com.
  22. ^ "Anne Gamble Kennedy will appear in faculty piano recital..." The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. January 11, 1970. p. 40 – via Newspapers.com.
  23. ^ "Fisk Festival Music-Filled". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. April 20, 1975. p. 89 – via Newspapers.com.
  24. ^ Nicholas, Louis (April 26, 1975). "Fisk Choir Strong". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. p. 15 – via Newspapers.com.
  25. ^ https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/e87014_58a44441b39a4cb5b81bf3b5ef3f1900.pdf
  26. ^ "John W. Work III Memorial Foundation Scholarship Fund". The Community Foundation of Middle Tennessee.
  27. ^ "Matthew & Anne Gamble Kennedy Designated Fund for Fisk University". The Community Foundation of Middle Tennessee.
  28. ^ "The Fisk Jubilee Singers, The Black Mass Choir*, The Orchestrated Crowd* - Eye of the Storm, Fisk University 43rd Annual Arts Festival". Discogs. Retrieved 6 August 2018.