Maynard Hubbard "Dutch" Salmon II (March 30, 1945 – March 10, 2019) was an American outdoor writer, publisher, and founder of High-Lonesome Books, a publishing company in Silver City, New Mexico. He was a conservationist, environmental activist, fisherman, and homesteader based in New Mexico. Salmon was also a coursing sighthound breeder, trainer, and hunter.
M. H. Salmon was born in Syracuse, New York, on March 30, 1945. Salmon attended Nottingham High School in Syracuse, and The Winchendon School in Winchendon, Massachusetts. After a short stint at the University of Michigan, he transferred and graduated with a bachelor of arts degree in English and history from Trinity University in San Antonio in 1967.
Salmon taught school in the San Antonio area from 1968–1971 before moving to Minnesota to become an outdoorsman and writer. Salmon moved to southwest New Mexico in 1981 and began his work to preserve the free-flowing Gila River. Salmon died on March 10, 2019 in Las Cruces, New Mexico.
Salmon’s father, John Pomeroy Salmon, fought in World War II with Edson's Raiders in the South Pacific. His 4th great-grandfather was Moses Van Campen, a veteran of the American Revolution, who fought the Native Americans in the frontier of western Pennsylvania. His 2nd great-grandfather, John Niles Hubbard, wrote The Life and Times of Major Moses Van Campen about his grandfather, and Red Jacket and his People, 1750-1830, An Account of Sa-Go-Ye-Wat-Ha. Salmon’s 2nd great-aunt was Lucy Maynard Salmon, who established the History Department at Vassar College.
Conservation and environmentalism
In the spring of 1983, when the Gila River was in danger of being dammed, Salmon took a trip along the river where he was inspired to create what would later become his bestseller, Gila Descending. He co-founded the Gila Conservation Coalition in 1984 to protect the free flow of the Gila and San Francisco Rivers as well as the Gila and Aldo Leopold Wilderness areas.
The Gila Conservation Coalition successfully lobbied against the Hooker and Conner dams and Mangas diversion in the 1980s and 1990s. It helped to close the San Francisco River to motorized vehicles and kept the East Fork of the Gila River closed to the same.
Starting in 2001, Salmon opposed the diversion threat under the Arizona Water Settlements Act.
Salmon was a member of several commissions and boards throughout his life:
- New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, 1985-1987
- Founder and Chairman, Gila Conservation Coalition, 1984-2019
- Chairman, New Mexico Wilderness Coalition 1989-1995
- Board Member, Quivira Coalition 2000-2006
- Board Member, New Mexico Wildlife Federation 2005-2009
- Board Member, New Mexico Water Dialogue, 2007
- Board Member, Gila Resources Information Project 2004-2019
- Member, New Mexico State Game & Fish Commission, 2005-2011
Salmon received the Lifetime Conservation Award from the Gila Natural History Symposium in 2008. In 2009, he was awarded the Lifetime Conservation Award by the Gila Conservation Coalition. He received the Conservation Voters New Mexico’s Local Conservation Hero Award in 2013. In 2014, the New Mexico Community Foundation awarded Salmon the Luminaria Award.
- Gazehounds & Coursing - An Illustrated Guide to the Art and Sport of Hunting with Sight Hounds (1st edition, 1977) Saint Cloud, MN, North Star Press, ISBN 0-878390243
- Tales of the Chase -- Hound Dogs, Catfish, and other Pursuits Afield, (1991) Silver City, NM, High-Lonesome Books, ISBN 978-0944383117
- The Catfish as Metaphor -- A Fisherman's American Journey, (1997) Silver City, NM, High-Lonesome Books, ISBN 0944383432
- Gazehounds & Coursing - The History, Art and Sport of Hunting with Sighthounds (expanded & revised 2nd edition, 1999) Silver City, NM, High-Lonesome Books, ISBN 0-944383-49-1 L
- Country Sports – The Rabid Pursuits of a Redneck Environmentalist, (2004) Silver City, NM, High-Lonesome Books, ISBN 094438367X
- Gila Libre: The Story of New Mexico’s Last Wild River, (2008) Albuquerque, NM, University of New Mexico Press, NM, ISBN 978-0826340825
- Gila Descending -- A Southwestern Journey, (4th edition, 2009) Silver City, NM, High-Lonesome Books, ISBN 978-0944383209
- Country Sports II – More Rabid Pursuits of a Redneck Environmentalist, (2015) Silver City, NM, High-Lonesome Books, ISBN 978-0944383810
- Williams, Chris (7 January 2016). "Battle to Save New Mexico's Last Wild River". Truthout.org.
- Mahler, Richard (June 2009). "Redneck River Lover". Desert Exposure. Archived from the original on December 15, 2010.
- Reed, Ollie (25 May 2015). "Gila Shows What A Natural River Should Look Like". Albuquerque Journal.
- Postel, Sandra (27 September 2011). "Still Wild and Free, New Mexico's Gila River is Again Under Threat". National Geographic.
- Yachnin, Jennifer (9 February 2015). "Greens gird for battle as N.M. floats plan to divert Gila River". E & E News.
- "M. H. Salmon (obituary)". The Syracuse Post Standard. March 20, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
- Plant, Geoffrey (12 March 2019). "Conservationist, author dead at 73". scdailypress.com. Silver City Daily Press and Independent.
- Murphy, Mary Alice (14 March 2019). "Salmon: M. H. "Dutch", 73, Silver City, NM". grantcountybeat.com. Grant County Beat.
- Neary, Ben (Spring 2019). "Dutch Salmon" (PDF). Outdoor Reporter. Vol. 4. New Mexico Wildlife Federation. pp. 21–22.
- Salmon, John Pomeroy. "Col. John Pomeroy Salmon". findagrave.com.
- "Raider Roster". US Marine Raider Association. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
- Van Campen, Moses. "Moses Van Campen...in Tribute". Moses Van Campen.
- Salmon, Pomeroy Lyman. "Find A Grave". Findagrave.com.
- "The Gila River « Gila Conservation Coalition". Gila Conservation Coalition. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
- Mahler, Richard (Spring 2014). "Gila Conservation Coalition Marks Its 30th Birthday". Gila Conservation Coalition.
- "Conservation warrior, friend and colleague Dutch Salmon, 1945 – 2019". Gila Conservation Coalition. 11 March 2019.
- Plant, Geoffrey (January 18, 2020). "Moving forward: Federal Wild and Scenic legislation pays tribute to author, environmentalist". The Silver City Daily Press. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
- Udall, Tom (February 12, 2020). "Udall, Heinrich Seek Comment on Wild & Scenic Legislation to Protect the Gila River". Senate - News - Press Releases. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
- "Conservation warrior, friend and colleague Dutch Salmon, 1945 – 2019 « Gila Conservation Coalition". Gila Conservation Coalition. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
- "Archive News: Game Commission expands Gila trout fishing, elects new officers | Emergency fish salvage permit issued for Oasis State Park". www.wildlife.state.nm.us. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
- Steele, Christine (2011-03-18). "More Commission Stuff…". The New Mexico Sportsman. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
- Stevens, Donna (2010). "M. H. "Dutch" Salmon: Champion of the Gila" (PDF). Proceedings of the Second Natural History of the Gila Symposium, October 2008. The New Mexico Botanist. No. Special issue no. 2. p. 133.
- "Gila River Festival Brunch in Honor of M. H. "Dutch" Salmon". Grant County Beat. 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
- "Thank you for making the NMCF Luminaria Gala a success!". New Mexico Community Foundation. 2014-07-09. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
- Salmon, M. H. (1989). Home is the River: [a novel]. San Lorenzo, N.M.: High-Lonesome Books. ISBN 0944383033.
- Salmon, M. H. (1995). Signal to Depart: [a novel]. Silver City, N.M.: High-Lonesome Books. ISBN 0944383327.
- Salmon, M.H. (2010). Gazehounds & Coursing. Silver City, NM: High-Lonesome Books. ISBN 978-0-944383-77-3.
- Toth, Bill D. (2011-12-01). "Forty Freedoms". Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment. 18 (3): 695–696. doi:10.1093/isle/isr070. ISSN 1076-0962.
- Salmon, M. H. (July 1985). "Basin and Range". Basin and Range. 1 (1): 1–56.
- Salmon, M. H. (August 1985). "Basin and Range". Basin and Range. 1 (2): 1–56.
- Salmon, M. H. (September–October 1985). "Basin and Range". Basin and Range. 1 (3): 1–52.