Dragan Čović

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Dragan Čović
Dragan Čović.jpg
Chairmen of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
17 July 2015 – 17 March 2016
Prime Minister Denis Zvizdić
Preceded by Mladen Ivanić
Succeeded by Bakir Izetbegović
In office
27 June 2003 – 28 February 2004
Prime Minister Adnan Terzić
Preceded by Borislav Paravac
Succeeded by Sulejman Tihić
In office
2 April 2003 – 10 April 2003
(acting)
Prime Minister Adnan Terzić
Preceded by Mirko Šarović
Succeeded by Borislav Paravac
4th Croat Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Assumed office
17 November 2014
Prime Minister Denis Zvizdić
Preceded by Željko Komšić
In office
5 October 2002 – 9 May 2005
Prime Minister Dragan Mikerević
Adnan Terzić
Preceded by Jozo Križanović
Succeeded by Ivo Miro Jović
24th Speaker of the House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
9 February 2012 – 16 February 2015
Preceded by Ognjen Tadić
Succeeded by Bariša Čolak
Croat Member of the College of the House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
9 June 2011 – 16 February 2015
Preceded by Ilija Filipović
Succeeded by Bariša Čolak
Prime Minister of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
(acting)
In office
10 January 2001 – 12 March 2001
President Ivo Andrić Lužanski
Karlo Filipović
Preceded by Edhem Bičakčić
Succeeded by Alija Behmen
Deputy Prime Minister of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
12 December 1998 – 12 March 2001
Prime Minister Edhem Bičakčić
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Nikola Grabovac
1st Minister of Finance of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
12 December 1998 – 12 March 2001
Prime Minister Edhem Bičakčić
Himself
Deputy Mehmed Alijagić
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Nikola Grabovac
9th President of the Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Assumed office
4 June 2005
Deputy Borjana Krišto
Preceded by Bariša Čolak
Personal details
Born (1956-08-20) August 20, 1956 (age 60)
Mostar, PR Bosnia and Herzegovina, FPR Yugoslavia
Citizenship Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia
Nationality Croat
Political party Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1994–present)
Other political
affiliations
League of Communists of Yugoslavia (until 1992)
Spouse(s) Bernardica Čović (née Prskalo)
Residence Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Alma mater University of Mostar
University of Sarajevo
Religion Catholicism
Awards Order of the Croatian Trefoil (1997)

Dragan Čović (pronounced [drǎgan t͡ʃǒːʋit͡ɕ]; born 20 August 1956) is a Bosnian Croat politician and leader of the Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (HDZ BiH) party.

Education and managerial career[edit]

Dragan Čović was born in Mostar. He attended elementary school and technical high school of mechanical engineering in Mostar and graduated in 1975. After high school he entered the Faculty of Engineering at Džemal Bijedić University in Mostar and graduated in 1979 gaining a title of mechanical engineer. In 1980 he started working as an employee in SOKO company in Mostar, where he worked in technology and control sections.

From 1986-92 he did various managerial jobs, such as director of business unit, director of production and vice president for industrialization. Čović gained a master's degree in 1989 at the Faculty of Engineering in Mostar, and from 1989-91 he attended studies of management at the Faculty of Economy at the University of Sarajevo. From 1992-98 he was the general director of SOKO. He obtained a PhD from the University of Mostar in 1996.

From 1994-96 he taught Economics and Organization of Production as a senior assistant at the Faculty of Engineering in Mostar, after which he was named assistant professor and taught Development of Production Systems. Four years later, he became an associate professor and in 2004 he was a full professor of the University of Mostar. He worked at the Faculty of Economy in Mostar, and also in regular and postgraduate studies. In 2007, he became a professor at the University of Mostar's Faculty of Philosophy.

Political career[edit]

In 1994, Čović joined the Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (HDZ). Two years later, he became a member of the cantonal committee of HDZ, and in 1997 he became the president of the city committee of HDZ in Mostar. A year later, he became vice president of HDZ and in 2005 he was elected President. From 1998–2001, Čović was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance in the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

At the general election in 2002 he was elected as member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina with 114,606 votes. He was a Presidency member until 29 March 2005, when he was removed from office by the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Paddy Ashdown, for abuse of power and position.

In 2008, Čović joined the Prud process as one of the three main negotiators (Dodik-Tihić-Čović). When the Prud process failed over issues of constitutional reform and territorial restructuring, RS leader Milorad Dodik and his party SNSD became close partners to HDZ BiH. In the numerous failed negotiations to implement the 2009 ECtHR Sejdić-Finci judgment, Čović has often been singled out by analysts as blocking a solution, maintaining that the Croat people must be able to elect their own member in the BiH Presidency.

In May 2011 he became a member of the House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina and in February 2012 he was named Chairman of the House of Peoples. At the October 2014 election Čović was re-elected as Croat member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He held the chair of the rotating presidency between November 2015 and March 2016. During his chairmanship, on 15 February 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its EU membership application.

Investigations and indictments[edit]

In November 2006 Čović was sentenced to five years in prison for exempting the Ivanković-Lijanović company of paying taxes on meat imports. He appealed and the Appellate Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina rejected the sentence because of the incompetence of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 2009, Čović was accused of spending public funds to buy private homes for certain people. In April 2010, he was acquitted.

On 14 May 2010, a third indictment for Čović and six other persons was confirmed by the Court of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton (HNC), this time for abuse of power and position. He and other committee members of the Croatian Post and Telecom (HPT) were accused of transferring a debt of nearly 4,7 million Convertible Marks from the non-existing Ministry of Defence of the Croatian Defence Council to three private companies.

By receiving the debt, those three companies became owners of shares in Eronet, the most profitable telecommunicational section of the HPT. At the time, Čović was Federal Minister of Finance and president of the Steering Committee of the HPT. The Court of the HNC asked that this case be brought in front of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, but the FBiH Supreme Court decided that the case had to be solved in Mostar. In May 2012, Čović was acquitted.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jozo Križanović
Croat Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2002–2005
Succeeded by
Ivo Miro Jović
Preceded by
Mirko Šarović
Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2003
Succeeded by
Borislav Paravac
Preceded by
Borislav Paravac
Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2003–2004
Succeeded by
Sulejman Tihić
Preceded by
Ognjen Tadić
Chairperson of the House of Peoples
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Bariša Čolak
Preceded by
Željko Komšić
Croat Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2014–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Mladen Ivanić
Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Bakir Izetbegović