Dragon (keelboat)

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International Dragon
Dragon insigna.svg
Class symbol
Dragon (keelboat).svg
Development
DesignerJohan Anker
LocationNorway
Year1929
DesignOne-Design
Boat
Crew2–4
Maximum crew weight: 285 kg (628 lb)
Draft1.20 m (3 ft 11 in)
Hull
TypeMonohull
ConstructionCarvel
GRP
Cold moulded plywood
Composite
Hull weight1,700 kg (3,700 lb)
LOA8.90 m (29.2 ft)
LWL5.66 m (18.6 ft)
Beam1.95 m (6 ft 5 in)
Hull appendages
Keel/board typeFixed
Rig
Rig typeBermuda rig
Sails
Mainsail area16.0 m2 (172 sq ft)
Jib/genoa area11.7 m2 (126 sq ft)
Spinnaker area23.6 m2 (254 sq ft)
Upwind sail area27.7 m2 (298 sq ft)
Racing
D-PN89.5
RYA PN986
Former Olympic class
Dragon racing in 2008.
Wooden dragon, built by Abeking & Rasmussen (1954) on the Großer Brombachsee
Magic Dragon used as a bar in Britannia Yacht Club's Dragon pub
A wooden Dragon on its trailer, showing the keel shape and rudder arrangement

The Dragon is a one-design keelboat designed by Norwegian Johan Anker in 1929. In 1948 the Dragon became an Olympic Class, a status it retained until the Munich Olympics in 1972. The Dragon's long keel and elegant metre-boat lines remain unchanged, but today Dragons are constructed using the latest technology to make the boat durable and easy to maintain. GRP construction was introduced in 1973 and the rigging has been regularly updated.[1]

The Dragon class is actively represented in over 26 countries on 5 continents. There were 1,444 boats registered in 2004 and the number of boats built has averaged 45 per year. There are many more which are used for day sailing. The World Championships are held in every odd year and the European Championships are held annually. The Gold Cup, which can only be held in certain specified European countries, is unique in that all six races count without discard. It is held annually and often attracts over 100 entries, usually starting in one fleet.

A strong Class Association manages the class rules carefully to ensure safety, high quality and uniformity. Spars and sails have a wide range of adjustment during racing, allowing a skillful crew to optimize the boat for any conditions. Crew weight limits, and restrictions on hiking out allow the Dragon to be raced successfully by a range of ages and both genders. It is possible to tow the Dragon behind many vehicles. It is often dry-sailed. It may be raced against boats of other classes, employing a Portsmouth Yardstick handicap of 986[2] or a D-PN of 89.5.[3]

History[edit]

The Dragon class was initiated by the Royal Gothenburg Yacht Club, who gave Norwegian yacht designer Johan Anker a brief for a cheap cruising/racing boat with about 20 20 square metres (220 sq ft) of sail area.[4] After the Second World War, the boat was considered slow, and genoa and spinnaker was introduced.[4]

Since 2008 the Dragon is one of the Vintage Yachting Classes at the Vintage Yachting Games.

Events[edit]

Olympic Games[5][edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Norway (NOR)2002
2 Denmark (DEN)1214
3 Sweden (SWE)1203
4 United States (USA)1023
5 Australia (AUS)1001
 Greece (GRE)1001
7 East Germany (GDR)0112
8 Argentina (ARG)0101
9 Great Britain (GBR)0011
 Italy (ITA)0011
 United Team of Germany (EUA)0011
 West Germany (FRG)0011
Totals (12 nations)76821
Year Gold Silver Bronze
1948 London
details
 Norway (NOR)
Thor Thorvaldsen
Haakon Barfod
Sigve Lie
 Sweden (SWE)
Folke Bohlin
Gösta Brodin
Hugo Johnson
 Denmark (DEN)
William Berntsen
Klaus Baess
Ole Berntsen
1952 Helsinki
details
 Norway (NOR)
Thor Thorvaldsen
Haakon Barfod
Sigve Lie
 Sweden (SWE)
Per Gedda
Erland Almqvist
Sidney Boldt-Christmas
 Germany (GER)
Theodor Thomsen
Erich Natusch
Georg Nowka
1956 Melbourne
details
 Sweden (SWE)
Folke Bohlin
Bengt Palmquist
Leif Wikström
 Denmark (DEN)
Ole Berntsen
Cyril Andresen
Christian von Bülow
 Great Britain (GBR)
Graham Mann
Ronald Backus
Jonathan Janson
1960 Rome
details
 Greece (GRE)
HRH Crown Prince Constantine
Odysseus Eskidioglou
Georgios Zaimis
 Argentina (ARG)
Jorge Salas Chávez
Héctor Calegaris
Jorge del Río Sálas
 Italy (ITA)
Antonio Cosentino
Antonio Ciciliano
Giulio De Stefano
1964 Tokyo
details
 Denmark (DEN)
Ole Berntsen
Christian von Bulow
Ole Poulsen
 Germany (EUA)
Peter Ahrendt
Wilfried Lorenz
Ulrich Mense
 United States (USA)
Lowell North
Richard Deaver
Charles Rogers
1968 Mexico City
details
 United States (USA)
George Friedrichs
Barton Jahncke
Gerald Schreck
 Denmark (DEN)
Aage Birch
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Niels Markussen
 East Germany (GDR)
Paul Borowski
Karl-Heinz Thun
Konrad Weichert
1972 Kiel
details
 Australia (AUS)
John Cuneo
Thomas Anderson
John Shaw
 East Germany (GDR)
Paul Borowski
Karl-Heinz Thun
Konrad Weichert
 United States (USA)
Donald Cohan
Charles Horter
John Marshall

World Championships[6][edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1965 Sandhamn  White Lady (DEN)
Ole Berntsen
Ole Poulsen
Jan Berntsen
 Denmark
Aage Birch
 
 
 Sweden
Jörgen Sundelin
 
 
1967 Toronto  Williwaw (USA)
George S. Friedrichs
J. R. Schreck
Barton Jahncke
 United States
Robert Mosbacher
 
 
 France
Sence
 
 
1969 Palma de Mallorca  Aphrodite (USA)
Robert Mosbacher
George Francisco III
David Saville
 Australia
Cueno
Bradbary
Shaw
 East Germany
Schwarz
Pfeiffer
Köpsel
1971 Hobart  Debutante (SWE)
Jörgen Sundelin
Peter Sundelin
Ulf Sundelin
 Australia
Booth
 
 
 Denmark
Holm
 
 
1973 Athens  Crux (SWE)
Roger Eliasson
Johan Palmquist
Jerry Burman
 West Germany
Oldenburg
May
Meyer
 Denmark
Börresen
 
 
1975 Rochester  Galejan 2 (SWE)
Bengt Palmquist
Johan Palmquist
Björn Palmquist
 Canada
Burgess
 
 
 United States
Craig
 
 
1977 Thun  U-2 (AUT)
Harry Ferreberger
Franz Eisl
Herbert Spitzbart
 West Germany
Ulrich
Hofmann
Hösch
  Switzerland
Wittwer
Wittwer
Wittwer
1979 Geelong  Kirribilli (AUS)
Robert Porter
Ian Porter
Robbie Antill
 West Germany
Glas
 
 
 Australia
Barry Calvert
Tim Watts
Ted Laing
1981 Trawemünde  Sandokan (FRG)
Marcus Glas
Mucki Binder
Heiner Henwig
 Denmark
Børge Børresen
Ole Børresen
Goodall
 Sweden
Clander
Hansson
Nordin
1983 Vancouver  Mistral (CAN)
Bob Burgess
Nigel Brown
Shane Korman
 Australia
Stiffe
 
 
 Australia
Wilmot
 
 
1985 Douarnenez  Cato (FRG)
Wolf Rappel
Michael Lipp
Michael Obermeier
1987 Geelong  Nordjyllong (DEN)
Valdemar Bandolowski
Soren Hvalso
Erik Hansen
 West Germany
Andreas Lohmann
Jorg Mossnang
Paul Vestner
 Australia
Stephen Boyes
 
 
1989 Torbay  Danish Blue (DEN)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Erik Hansen
Jan Persson
1991  Krystle (AUS)
Stephen Boyes
Stephen Jackson
Stephen Peel
1993 Trawemünde  Senior BB (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Ole Børresen
Børge Børresen
 Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Claus Høj Jensen
Sebastian Ziegelmayer
 Germany
Andreas van Eicken
Rolf Schöppler
Johan van Eicken
1995 Perth  Karabos VIII (AUS)
Nick Rogers
Leigh Behrens
Andrew Burnett
 Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Klaus Jensen
Richard Goldsmith
 Australia
Willy Packer
Peter Hay
Geoff Wedgwood
Grantham Kitto
1997  Sanne (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Claus Olsen
Ole Børresen
 Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
 
 
 Germany
Markus Glas
 
 
1999 Fort-de-France  Maria (DEN)
Claus Høj Jensen
Bo Reker Andersen
Jes Hovgaard
 Netherlands
Fred Imhoff
Richard van Ry
Sven Machielsen
 Denmark
Peter Holm
Maria Holm
Søren Kæstel
2001 Hornbæk  Germany
Malte Philipp
Torsten Imbeck
Enver Adakan
 Germany
Werner Fritz
Dieter Schoen
Andreas Huber
 Denmark
Frank Eriksen
 
 
2003 Hobart  Chrisco (GER)
Dieter Schön
Vincent Hoesch
Andreas Huber
 Australia
Nick Rogers
Leigh Behrens
Peter Lilley
 Kirribilli II (AUS)
David Graney
Martin Graney
Murray Jones
2005 Neustadt  African Queen (DEN)
Jørgen Schönherr
Anders Kaempe
Axel Waltersdorph
 Occasion (GER)
Harm Müller-Spreer
Markus Wieser
Thomas Auracher
 HLL-Ariston (GER)
Vincent Hoesch
Harro Kniffka
Max Scheibmair
2007 Dun Laoghaire  Sinewave (GER)
Tommy Müller
Vincent Hoesch
Max Sheibmayr
 Gaudium (SUI)
Ulli Libor
Stephan Hellriegel
Frank Butzmann
 Rumours (GBR)
Len Jones
Claus Høj Jensen
Jamie Lea
2009 Medemblik  Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Theis Palm
Lars Jensen
 Ukraine
Lars Hendriksen
Michael Hestbæk
Sergei Pugachev
 Denmark
Jørgen Schönherr
Axel Waltersdorph
Christian Videbæk
2011 Melbourne
details
 Alfie (GBR)
Lawrie Smith
Timothy Tavinor
Ossie Stewart
 Bunker Queen (UKR)
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pugachev
Matti Paschen
 My-Way (DEN)
Frank Berg
Søren Holm
Søren Kæstel
2013 Weymouth  Fever (GBR)
Klaus Diederichs
Andy Beadsworth
Jamie Lea
 Strange Little Girl (RUS)
Andrey Kirilyuk
Aleksey Bushuev
Alina Dotsenko
 Bunker Queen (UKR)
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pugachev
Matti Paschen
2015 La Rochelle  Bunker Boys (UAE)
Yevhen Braslavets
Aleksander Mirchuk
Serhiy Timokhov
 Strange Little Girl (GBR)
Dimitri Samokhin
Andrey Kirilyuk
Aleksey Bushuev
 Bunker Queen (UAE)
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pugachev
George Leonchuk
2017 Cascais[7]  Provezza Dragon (TUR)
Andy Beadsworth
Ali Tezdiker
Simon Fry
 Annapurna (RUS)
Anatoly Lognov
Vadim Statsenko
Alexander Shalagin
 Alfie (GBR)
Lawrie Smith
Hugo Rocha
Gonçalo Ribeiro
João Matos Rosa

Vintage Yachting Games[8][edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Netherlands (NED)1102
2 Ukraine (UKR)1001
3 Great Britain (GBR)0101
4 Australia (AUS)0011
 Russia (RUS)0011
Totals (5 nations)2226
Event Gold Silver Bronze
2008 Medemblik  Netherlands (NED)
Reinier Wissenraet
Gijs Evers
Marc Reijnhoudt
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Miss Gavia Wilkimson-Cox
Ron Rosenberg
Jon Mortimer
 Australia (GER)
Gordon Ingate
David Giles
Keith Musto
2012 Lake Como  Ukraine (UKR)
Yevgen Braslavetz
Georgii Leonchuk
Sergey Timokhov
 Netherlands (NED)
Reinier Wissenraet
Pim ten Harmsen van der Beek
Marc Reijnhoudt
 Russia (RUS)
Vasiliy Senatorov
Igor Ivashintsov
Aleksandr Muzychenko
2016 Weymouth Bay

European Championships[9][edit]

Coupe Virginie Hériot

In memory of Madame Virginie Hériot and in accordance with her often expressed wish to encourage yachting, the Committee of the Yacht Club de France decided at a meeting on 21 May 1946 to initiate an International Cup and name it the "Coupe Virginie Hériot". The Cup is assigned to the International Dragon Class, but remains the property of the Yacht Club de France. In agreement with the Committee of the International Dragon Association the "Coupe Virginie Hériot" is the main trophy of the European Dragon Championship. The event is now held annually.

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1978 Ostende  Netherlands
Ed Frech
Jan Bakker
Steven Vis
1979
1980  Austria
C. Scheineker
1982  West Germany
Markus Glas
1984  Denmark
Börge Börresen
1986  West Germany
Markus Glas
1987  West Germany
Markus Glas
1988  Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
1990  Denmark
Lars Hendriksen
1992  Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
1994  Germany
M. Erhard
1995  Germany
H. Erich
1996  Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
1998  Netherlands
Fred Imhoff
2000  Denmark
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
2002 Thun  Germany
M. Erhard
2003 Kinsale  Netherlands
Fred Imhoff
Richard van Rij
Rudy den Outer
  Switzerland
Vincent Hoesch
Horro Kniffka
Bernd Faber
 Denmark
Frank Berg
Soren Kaestel
Mads Christensen
2004 Tallinn  Germany
Harm Muller-Spreer
 Denmark
Frank Berg
 Germany
Werner Fritz
2005 La Trinité-sur-Mer  Denmark
Claus Hoj Jensen
 Great Britain
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
 France
J. Pasturaud
2006 Cowes  Denmark
Lars Hendriksen
2007 Hanko  Germany
Markus Wieser
Sergei Pughchev
Thomas Auracher
 Germany
Wolfgang Rappel
Hans Jürgen Benze
Michael Lipp
 Finland
Henrik Dahlman
Lars Henriksen
Oscar Dannström
2008 Oslo  Russia
Maxim Logutenko
Mikhail Sanalorov
Vladimir Krutskih
 Russia
Dmitry Berezkin
Igor Goihberg
Alexei Bushhuev
 Germany
Thomas Müller
Vincent Hoesch
Maximilian Scheibmeyr
2009 St. Tropez  Ukraine
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Matti Paschen
 Germany
Markus Glas
Max Glas
Andreas Lohmann
 Ukraine
Eugen Braslavets
Sergey Timokov
Michael Hestbek
2010 Balatonkenese  Ukraine
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Matti Paschen
 Russia
Dmitry Berezkin
Anatoly Kudritskiy
Aleksey Bushuev
 Russia
Anatoly Logonov
Andrey Kirilyuk
Alexander Shalagin
2011 Boltenhagen  Denmark
Jens Christensen
Kim Andersen
Anders Bagger
 Ukraine
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Matti Paschen
 Ukraine
Evgeny Braslavetz
Sergey Timokhov
Olexandr Myrchuk
2012 Attersee  Ukraine
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Matti Paschen
 Germany
Marcus Brennecke
Vincent Hoesch
Michael Lipp
 Russia
Victor Fogelson
Oleg Khoperskiy [ru]
Vicheslav Kaptyukhin
2013 Cascais  Portugal
Jose Matoso
Gustavo Lima
Frederico Melo
 Ukraine
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Georgii Leonchuk
 Denmark
Jens Christensen
Kim Andersen
Anders Bagger
2014 San Remo  Denmark
Lars Hendriksen
Kleen Frithjof
Anders Bagger
 United Arab Emirates
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Georgii Leonchuk
 United Arab Emirates
Evgeny Braslavetz
Sergey Timokhov
Igor Sodorov
2015 Båstad  United Arab Emirates
Evgeny Braslavetz
Sergey Pughchev
Georgii Leonchuk
 United Arab Emirates
Hendrik Witzmann
Theis Palm
Markus Koy
 Russia
Anatoly Logonov
Alexander Shalagin
Vadim Statsenko
2016 St. Petersburg  Russia
Anatoly Logonov
Alexander Shalagin
Vadim Statsenko
 Germany
Stephan Link
Frank Butzmann
Michael Lipp
 Germany
Markus Brennecke
Jochen Schumann
Theis Palm
2017 Thun[10]  Pow Wow (POR)
Pedro Andrade
Bernardo Torres Pego
Charles Nankin
 Rocknrolla (RUS)
Dimitry Samokhin
Andrey Korolyuk
Alexey Bushuev
 Bunker Prince (RUS)
Yevhen Braslavets
Sergey Pugachev
Sergey Timokhof

Gold Cup[11][edit]

The Winners of the 2011 Dragon Gold Cup: Markus Wieser, Sergey Pughchev and Matti Paschen with the Gold Cup.

The International Dragon Cup was presented in 1937 by members of the Clyde Yacht's Conference with the intention of bringing together as many competitors of different nationalities as possible for yacht racing in Europe in a friendly spirit, in order to perpetuate the good feeling which existed at the first International Clyde Fortnight. The Clyde Yacht Clubs' Conference has been reconstituted as the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association and the International Dragon Cup has become known as, and is now renamed, the 'Dragon Gold Cup'.

Members of the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association created specific rules for this competition and donated a perpetual trophy made of pure gold for an annual international race. From the beginning, the Gold Cup was considered a family event for the Dragon Sailors and could be raced by yachts of the International Dragon Class belonging to any country, and for this reason was a very well attended event.

Until 1965, the year of the first Official World Championship, the Gold Cup was considered the unofficial World Cup. The first rules created by the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association established that the Cup should be sailed annually and that the Cup should be retained by the winner for one year only. It also established that the event should take place in rotation in the following countries: Scotland, France, Sweden, Germany, Holland and Denmark.

With the revision of the rules in 1997, the number of hosting countries was enlarged to eleven: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

The hosting country and the Organising Authority continue to be selected by the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association in conjunction with the International Dragon Association and the number of participants was limited to 120.

Class association[12][edit]

The International Dragon Association (IDA) was founded on 31 October 1961 with London as its headquarters. The principal objects of the IDA are:

  • To further the interests of the International Dragon Class in all countries where Dragons are sailed and to introduce the Class to new countries.
  • To be responsible for the administration of the class rules and coordinating proposals for rule amendments for consideration by the International Sailing Federation (ISAF).
  • To ensure that the class retains its "International" status by complying with the criteria adopted by the ISAF.
  • To co-ordinate and select venues for the following international championships:
    • World Championships
    • European Championships
    • Gold Cups
  • To produce regular newsletters containing information about the Class and the activities of the IDA for distribution to all Dragon sailors throughout the world.
  • Membership is open to National Dragon Class Associations.

Class officers[edit]

President[edit]

H.M. King Constantine

Vice-Presidents[edit]

Chairman[edit]

Period Country Chairman Major achievement
1961–1965  United Kingdom Sir Gordon Smith
1966  France F Thierry-Mieg
1967–1969  United Kingdom Sir Gordon Smith
1970–1972  France F Thierry-Mieg
1973–1975  United Kingdom P Dyas
1976–1978  France P Manset
1979–1981  United Kingdom P Dyas
1982–1984  France P Manset
1985–1988  Ireland C Doyle
1989–1992  Germany N Geissler
1993–1994  Finland T Nurmilaukas
1995–1996  United Kingdom Chris Dicker
1997–2000  Portugal C. R. Ferreira
2001–2004  Sweden Thomas Olrog
2005–2006  Germany Rupert Fischer
2007–2010  United Kingdom Rob Campbell
2011–2015  Netherlands Richard Blickman
2016–  Russia Vasily Senatorov

References[edit]

  1. ^ Some history of the Dragon class at britishdragons.org
  2. ^ "RYA Portsmouth Yardstick Scheme 2007" (PDF). Royal Yachting Association. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  3. ^ "Keelboat Classes". US Sailing. Archived from the original on 16 August 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  4. ^ a b Bremberg, Fred; Seth, Staffan (1965), Segelbåtstyper: kortfattade beskrivningar med igenkänningstecken och dimensionsuppgifter för svenska segelbåtar (in Swedish) (2nd revised ed.), Stockholm: Aldus/Bonnier, p. 64
  5. ^ Olympic results at sports123.com
  6. ^ World champions at sports123.com Archived 25 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Cascais Dragon World Championship – Clube Naval de Cascais".
  8. ^ Vintage Results at vintageyachtinggames.org
  9. ^ European championships at International Dragon Class Association
  10. ^ "Dragon European Championship 2017 manage2sail". manage2sail.com.
  11. ^ Gold Cup winners listed at International Dragon Class Association
  12. ^ International Dragon Class Association Homepage

External links[edit]