Dragon Ball (TV series)

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Dragon Ball
Dragon Ball anime logo.png
ドラゴンボール
(Doragon Bōru)
GenreAdventure, fantasy, martial arts[1][2]
Anime television series
Directed byMinoru Okazaki (#1–82)
Daisuke Nishio (#83–153)
Produced byTokizō Tsuchiya (#1–132)
Kenji Shimizu (#1–82, 133–153)
Jun'ichi Ishikawa (#83–132)
Written byToshiki Inoue (#1–82)
Takao Koyama (#83–153)
Music byShunsuke Kikuchi
StudioToei Animation
Licensed by
Original networkFNS (Fuji TV)
English network
Original run February 26, 1986 April 19, 1989
Episodes153 (List of episodes)
Dragon Ball franchise
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and manga portal

Dragon Ball (Japanese: ドラゴンボール, Hepburn: Doragon Bōru) is a Japanese anime television series produced by Toei Animation. It is an adaptation of the first 194 chapters of the manga of the same name created by Akira Toriyama, which were published in Weekly Shōnen Jump from 1984 to 1995. The anime is composed of 153 episodes that were broadcast on Fuji TV from February 26, 1986, to April 19, 1989. It was broadcast in 81 countries worldwide.[3] It is part of the Dragon Ball media franchise.

Dragon Ball follows the adventures of the protagonist Goku, a strong naive boy who, upon meeting Bulma, sets out to gather the seven wish-granting Dragon Balls. After becoming a student of martial arts master Master Roshi (also known as Kame Sennin), he and his fellow pupil Krillin enter a tournament that attracts the most powerful fighters in the world. He then sets out on his own and winds up facing and destroying the Red Ribbon Army single-handedly after many encounters with the army's leaders. Goku uses the Dragon Balls that he found from facing the Red Ribbon Army to ressurrect his friend Upa's father Bora, who was murdered by Taopaipai, a hired assassin. 3 years later, Goku enters the 22nd World Martial Arts Tournament with his friends, along with new rivals, Chaozu and Tenshinhan from the Crane School. Tenshinhan has a bloodthirsty nature which goes away after Master Roshi convinces him that the Crane Hermit's methods are flawed and joins Goku. When Krillin is later murdered after the final bout, Goku exacts revenge on his killer, Tambourine, an evil demon sent to kill all martial artists who was taking orders from his master, Demon King Piccolo. Goku later faces Piccolo who is at an old age to no avail, and takes his Dragon Ball from him. Piccolo uses the Dragon Balls to bring his full power back to him, after successfully killing Master Roshi and Chaozu, then he islater successfully conquers Earth. After a match between Tenshinhan and Drum, Piccolo's henchman, Goku demolishes Drum, and ends up having to face Piccolo one more time in a rematch for the sake of all humanity. After the defeat of Piccolo, Goku meets Mr. Popo and God who are far greater than Piccolo and help Goku bring his fallen friends from the dead as well as training him for the next tournament. Three years later, Goku, now a young adult, must fight the Demon King Piccolo's offspring Piccolo Jr.. God intervenes and insists that he should take down this new Piccolo instead, but he is taken out, and it is now only up to Goku to save the world once again. After the final match, Goku marries Chichi whom he had promised to marry before in the past. The remaining 325 chapters of the manga were adapted into the Dragon Ball Z anime.

Plot[edit]

The series begins with a young monkey-tailed boy named Goku befriending a teenage girl named Bulma. Together, they go on an adventure to find the seven mystical Dragon Balls (ドラゴンボール), which have the ability to summon the powerful dragon Shenron, who can grant whoever summoned him their greatest desire. The journey leads to a confrontation with the shape-shifting pig Oolong, as well as a desert bandit named Yamcha and his companion Pu'ar, who all later become allies; Chi-Chi, whom Goku unknowingly agrees to marry; and Emperor Pilaf, an blue imp who seeks the Dragon Balls to fulfill his desire of becoming ruler of the world. After Oolong stops Pilaf from using the Dragon Balls by wishing for a pair of panties, Goku undergoes rigorous training regimes under the martial artist Master Roshi in order to fight in the Tenkaichi Budōkai (天下一武道会, "Strongest Under the Heavens Martial Arts Tournament") that attracts the most powerful fighters in the world. A monk named Krillin becomes his training partner and rival, but they soon become best friends. After the tournament, Goku sets out on his own to recover the Dragon Ball his deceased grandfather left him and encounters a terrorist organization known as the Red Ribbon Army, whose diminutive leader, Commander Red, wants to collect the Dragon Balls so that he can use them to become taller. He almost single-handedly defeats the army, including their hired assassin Mercenary Tao, whom he originally loses to, but after training under the hermit Korin, easily beats. Goku reunites with his friends to defeat Fortuneteller Baba's fighters and have her locate the last Dragon Ball in order to revive a friend killed by Tao.

They all reunite at the Tenkaichi Budōkai three years later and meet Master Roshi's rival and Tao's brother, Master Shen, and his students Tien Shinhan and Chiaotzu, who vow to exact revenge for Tao's apparent death at the hands of Goku. Krillin is murdered after the tournament and Goku tracks down and is defeated by his killer, King Piccolo. The overweight samurai Yajirobe takes Goku to Korin, where he receives healing and a power boost. Meanwhile, Piccolo kills both Master Roshi and Chiaotzu, and uses the Dragon Balls to give himself eternal youth before destroying Shenron, which results in the Dragon Balls' destruction. As King Piccolo prepares to destroy West City as a show of force, Tien Shinhan arrives to confront him, but is defeated and nearly killed. Goku arrives in time to save Tien and then kills King Piccolo by blasting a hole through his chest. However, just before he dies, Piccolo spawns his final son, Piccolo Junior. Korin informs Goku that Kami, the original creator of the Dragon Balls, might be able to restore Shenron so that Goku can wish his fallen friends back to life, which he does. He also stays and trains under Kami for the next three years, once again reuniting with his friends at the Tenkaichi Budōkai, as well as a now-teenaged Chi-Chi and the revived Mercenary Tao. Piccolo Junior also enters the tournament to avenge his father's death, leading to the final battle between him and Goku. After Goku narrowly wins and defeats Piccolo Junior, he leaves with Chi-Chi and they get married, leading to the events of Dragon Ball Z.

Production[edit]

Kazuhiko Torishima, Toriyama's editor for Dr. Slump and the first half of Dragon Ball, said that because the Dr. Slump anime was not successful in his opinion, he and Shueisha were a lot more hands on for the Dragon Ball anime. Before production even began, they created a huge "bible" for the series detailing even merchandise. He himself studied the best way to present anime and its business side, discussing it with the Shogakukan team for Doraemon.[4]

Toriyama had some involvement in the production of the anime. When it began he did mention to the staff that they seemed to be making it too colorful by forcing the color palette of Dr. Slump on it.[5] He also listened to the voice actors' audition tapes before choosing Masako Nozawa to play Goku. He would go on to state that he would hear Nozawa's voice in his head when writing the manga.[6] Toriyama specified Kuririn's voice actress be Mayumi Tanaka after hearing her work as the main character Giovanni in Night on the Galactic Railroad.[6] Tōru Furuya remarked that there were not many auditions for the characters because the cast was made up of veteran voice actors.[7] Performing the roles was not without its difficulties, Toshio Furukawa, the voice of Piccolo, said it was difficult to constantly perform with a low voice because his normal lighter voice would break through if he broke concentration.[7]

Shunsuke Kikuchi composed the score for Dragon Ball. The opening theme song for all of the episodes is "Makafushigi Adventure!" (魔訶不思議アドベンチャー!, Makafushigi Adobenchā!, "Mystical Adventure!") performed by Hiroki Takahashi.The ending theme is "Romantic Ageru yo" (ロマンティックあげるよ, Romantikku Ageru yo, "I'll Give You Romance") performed by Ushio Hashimoto.

Feeling that the Dragon Ball anime's ratings were gradually declining because it had the same producer that worked on Dr. Slump, who had this "cute and funny" image connected to Toriyama's work and was missing the more serious tone, Torishima asked the studio to change the producer. Impressed with their work on Saint Seiya, he asked its director Kōzō Morishita and writer Takao Koyama to help "reboot" Dragon Ball; which coincided with the beginning of Dragon Ball Z.[4]

English localization and Broadcasting[edit]

In the late 1980s Harmony Gold USA licensed the series for an English-language release in North America. In the voice dubbing of the series, Harmony Gold renamed almost all of the characters, including the protagonist Goku, who was renamed "Zero."[8] This dub consisting of 5 episodes and one movie (an 80-minute feature featuring footage of movies 1 and 3 edited together) was cancelled shortly after being test marketed in several US cities and was never broadcast to the general public, thus earning the fan-coined term "The Lost Dub."[9]

In 1995 Funimation acquired the license for the distribution of Dragon Ball in the United States. They contracted Josanne B. Lovick Productions and voice actors from Ocean Productions to create an English version for the anime and first movie in Vancouver, British Columbia. The dubbed episodes were edited for content,[10] and contained different music. Thirteen episodes aired in first-run syndication during the fall of 1995 before Funimation canceled the project due to low ratings.

In March 2001 Funimation announced the return of Dragon Ball to American television, featuring a new English version produced in-house with slightly less editing for broadcast (though the episodes remained uncut for home video releases), and they notably left the original background music intact.[10][11] The re-dubbed episodes aired on Cartoon Network from August 20, 2001,[12] to December 1, 2003. Funimation also broadcast the series on Colours TV and their own Funimation Channel starting in 2006.[13] This English dub was also broadcast in Australia and New Zealand. In Canada and Europe, an alternative dubbed version was produced by AB Groupe (in association with Blue Water Studios) and was aired in those territories instead of the Funimation version.

Content edits[edit]

The US version of Dragon Ball was aired on Cartoon Network with numerous digital cosmetic changes, which were done to remove nudity and blood, and dialogue edits, such as when Puar says why Oolong was expelled from shapeshifting school, instead of saying that he stole the teacher's panties, it was changed to him stealing the teacher's papers.[14] Some scenes were deleted altogether, either to save time or remove strong violence. Nudity was also covered up; for Goku's bathing scene, Funimation drew a chair to cover his genitals where it was uncensored previously.[14] References to alcohol and drugs were removed, for example, when Jackie Chun (Muten Roshi) uses Drunken Fist Kung Fu in the 21st Tenkaichi Budokai, Funimation called it the "Mad Cow Attack." Also, the famous "No Balls!" scene was deleted from episode 2, and when Bulma places panties on the fishing hook to get Oolong (in fish form), they digitally painted away the panties and replaced it with some money.

Changes also lead to confusing context and the content of the scenes; as when Bulma helps Goku take a bath. In the Japanese version, the two characters do not cover their privates because Goku is innocent of the differences in gender and Bulma believes Goku to be a little boy. While bathing Bulma asks Goku his age and only when Goku reveals himself to be fourteen does Bulma throw things at Goku before kicking him out of the bath.[14] In the Funimation version the dialogue was changed; with Goku remarking that Bulma did not have a tail and it must be inconvenient for her when bathing.[14]

Other media[edit]

Home release[edit]

In Japan, Dragon Ball did not receive a proper home video release until July 7, 2004, fifteen years after its broadcast. This was a remastering of the series in a single 26-disc DVD box set, that was made-to-order only, referred to as a "Dragon Box". The content of this set began being released on mass-produced individual 6-episode DVDs on April 4, 2007, and finished with the 26th volume on December 5, 2007.[15][16]

Dragon Ball's initial VHS release for North America was never completed. Funimation released their initial dub, the edited and censored first thirteen episodes, on six tapes from September 24, 1996, to July 28, 1998 together with Trimark Pictures.[17][18] These episodes and the first movie were later released in a VHS or DVD box set on October 24, 2000.[19][20] Funimation began releasing their in-house dub beginning with episode 14 by themselves on June 5, 2001, in both edited and uncut formats,[21] before seizing VHS releases the following year. Including the initial 1996-1998 releases with Trimark, 86 episodes of Dragon Ball across 28 volumes were produced on VHS for North America.[22][23]

Funimation released their own in-house dub to ten two-disc DVD box sets between January 28, 2003, and August 19, 2003. Each box set, spanning an entire "saga" of the series, included the English and Japanese audio tracks with optional English subtitles, and uncut video and audio. However, they were unable to release the first thirteen episodes at the time, due to Lions Gate Entertainment holding the home video rights to their previous dub of the same episodes, having acquired them from Trimark after the company became defunct. After Lions Gate Family Entertainment's license and home video distribution rights to the first thirteen episodes expired in 2009, Funimation remastered and re-released the complete Dragon Ball series to DVD in five individual uncut season box sets, with the first set released on September 15, 2009, and the final on July 27, 2010.[24][25]

Funimation's English dub of Dragon Ball has been distributed in other countries by third parties. Madman Entertainment released the first thirteen episodes of Dragon Ball and the first movie uncut in Australasia in a DVD set on March 10, 2004. They produced two box sets containing the entire series in 2006 and 2007.[26][27] Manga Entertainment began releasing Funimation's five remastered sets in the United Kingdom in 2014.[28]

Dragon Ball: Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!! (ドラゴンボール オッス!帰ってきた孫悟空と仲間たち!! Doragon Bōru: Ossu! Kaette Kita Son Gokū to Nakama-tachi!!) is the second Dragon Ball Z OVA and features the first Dragon Ball animation in nearly a decade, following a short story arc in the remade Dr. Slump anime series featuring Goku and the Red Ribbon Army in 1999. The film premiered in Japan on September 21, 2008, at the Jump Super Anime Tour in honor of Weekly Shōnen Jump's fortieth anniversary. Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!! is also in the extra DVD included in the Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods limited edition, which was released on September 13, 2013.

DVD releases[edit]

Region 1 (North America)
Season Box Sets
Name Date Discs Episodes Sagas
Season One September 15, 2009 5 1-31 Emperor Pilaf/Tournament Saga[29]
Season Two November 10, 2009 5 32-61 Red Ribbon Army/General Blue Saga[30]
Season Three February 2, 2010 5 62-92 Commander Red/Fortuneteller Baba Saga[31]
Season Four May 4, 2010 5 93-122 Tien Shinhan/King Piccolo Saga[32]
Season Five July 27, 2010 5 123-153 Piccolo Jr. Saga[33]
Region 2 (Japan)
Dragon Box Set
Name Date Discs Episodes
Dragon Box: Dragon Ball DVD-BOX July 7, 2004 26 1-153

Manga[edit]

Films[edit]

During the anime's broadcast, three theatrical animated Dragon Ball films were produced. The first was Curse of the Blood Rubies in 1986, followed by Sleeping Princess in Devil's Castle in 1987, and Mystical Adventure in 1988. In 1996 The Path to Power was produced in order to commemorate the anime's tenth anniversary.

Video games[edit]

Several video games based on Dragon Ball have been created, beginning with Dragon Daihikyō in 1986. Shenlong no Nazo, produced that same year, was the first to be released outside Japan. 1988's North American version was titled Dragon Power and was heavily Americanized with all references to Dragon Ball removed; characters' names and appearances were changed.[34] Additional games based on the series include Advanced Adventure, Dragon Ball: Origins, its sequel, and Revenge of King Piccolo.

Soundtracks[edit]

Dragon Ball has been host to several soundtrack releases, the first being Dragon Ball: Music Collection in 1986. Dragon Ball: Saikyō e no Michi Original Soundtrack is composed entirely of music from the tenth anniversary film. In 1995 Dragon Ball: Original USA TV Soundtrack Recording was released featuring the music from the Funimation/Ocean American broadcast.

Reception[edit]

The show's initial U.S. broadcast run in 1995 met with mediocre ratings.[35]

In 2000 satellite TV channel Animax together with Brutus, a men's lifestyle magazine, and Tsutaya, Japan's largest video rental chain, conducted a poll among 200,000 fans on the top anime series, with Dragon Ball coming in fourth.[36] TV Asahi conducted two polls in 2005 on the Top 100 Anime, Dragon Ball came in second in the nationwide survey conducted among multiple age-groups and third in the online poll.[37][38] On several occasions the Dragon Ball anime has topped Japan's DVD sales.[39][40]

Otaku USA's Joseph Luster called Dragon Ball "one of the most memorable animated action/comedy series of all time." He cited the comedy as a key component to the show, noting that this might surprise those only familiar with Z.[41] Todd Douglass of DVD Talk referred to it as "a classic among classics [that] stands as a genre defining kind of show." and wrote that "It's iconic in so many ways and should be standard watching for otaku in order to appreciate the genius of Akira Toriyama."[42][43] He had strong praise for the "deep, insightful, and well-developed" characters, writing "Few shows can claim to have a cast quite like Dragon Ball's, and that's a testament to the creative genius of Toriyama."[44]

T.H.E.M. Anime Reviews' Tim Jones gave the show four out of five stars, referring to it as a forerunner to modern fighting anime and still one of the best. He also stated that it has much more character development than its successors Dragon Ball Z and Dragon Ball GT.[45] Carl Kimlinger of Anime News Network summed up Dragon Ball as "an action-packed tale told with rare humor and something even rarer—a genuine sense of adventure."[46] Kimlinger and Theron Martin, also of Anime News Network, noted Funimation's reputation for drastic alterations of the script, but praised the dub.[46][47]

The positive impact of Dragon Ball's characters has manifested itself in the personal messages Masako Nozawa sent to children as taped messages in the voice of Goku, Gohan and Goten.[7] Nozawa takes pride in her role and sends words of encouragement that have resulted in children in comas responding to the voice of the characters.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dragon Ball". Funimation. Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  2. ^ "Dragon Ball, Vol. 1". Viz Media. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  3. ^ "深夜アニメの製作資金は約3億円…儲ける仕組みや製作委員会の構造とは 今こそ知っておきたいアニメビジネスの特徴を取材". Social Game Info (in Japanese). 2016-06-17. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Kazuhiko Torishima On Shaping The Success Of 'Dragon Ball' And The Origins Of 'Dragon Quest'". Forbes. 2016-10-15. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
  5. ^ DRAGON BALL Z 孫悟空伝説 [Son Goku Densetsu] (in Japanese). Shueisha. 2003. pp. 90–102. ISBN 978-4-08-873546-7.
  6. ^ a b DRAGON BALL 大全集 3 TV ANIMATION PART 1. Shueisha. 1995. pp. 202–207. ISBN 4-08-782753-4.
  7. ^ a b c d DRAGON BALL 大全集 補巻 TV ANIMATION PART 3. Shueisha. 1996. pp. 107–113. ISBN 4-08-102019-1.
  8. ^ Dragon Ball Harmony Gold dub
  9. ^ "The Lost 80s Dragonball Dub". Temple O'Trunks. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
  10. ^ a b "Rough Air Date for Dragon Ball". Anime News Network. March 9, 2001. Retrieved 2008-07-19.
  11. ^ "Dragon Ball on CN debut date confirmed". Anime News Network. May 2, 2001. Retrieved 2008-07-19.
  12. ^ "DragonBall Re-dub". Anime News Network. August 21, 2001. Retrieved 2008-07-19.
  13. ^ "Dragon Ball Returns to US TV". Anime News Network. November 12, 2006. Retrieved 2008-07-19.
  14. ^ a b c d West, Mark (2008). The Japanification of Children's Popular Culture: From Godzilla to Miyazaki. Scarecrow Press. pp. 203–208.
  15. ^ "DRAGON BALL #1 [DVD]". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  16. ^ "DRAGON BALL #26 [DVD]". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  17. ^ "Dragon Ball - Secret of Dragon Ball (Vol. 1)(Episodes 1 & 2) [VHS] (1996)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
  18. ^ "Dragon Ball - The Legend of Goku (Vol. 6)(Episodes 11 -13) [VHS]". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  19. ^ "Dragon Ball Box Set - The Saga of Goku [VHS]". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  20. ^ "Dragon Ball - The Saga of Goku - Boxed Set". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  21. ^ "Dragon Ball - Tournament - Roshi's Request (Uncut) [VHS]". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  22. ^ "Dragon Ball: Tien Shinhan - Tournament". Amazon. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
  23. ^ "Dragon Ball: Fortune Teller Baba - Goku's Journey (Uncut) [VHS]". Amazon. Retrieved 2013-10-23.
  24. ^ "Dragon Ball: Season One (2009)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  25. ^ "Dragon Ball: Season 5". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  26. ^ "Dragon Ball Complete Collection Part 1 (Sagas 1-6) (Fatpack)". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  27. ^ "Dragon Ball Complete Collection Part 2 (Sagas 7-11) (Fatpack)". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  28. ^ Okazaki, Daisuke Nishio and Minoru (2014-05-05), Dragon Ball Season 1 (in Japanese), Manga Entertainment, retrieved 2016-07-04
  29. ^ "Dragon Ball Season 1 (DVD)". rightstuf.com.
  30. ^ "Dragon Ball Season 2 (DVD)". rightstuf.com.
  31. ^ "Dragon Ball Season 3 (DVD)". rightstuf.com.
  32. ^ "Dragon Ball Season 4 (DVD)". rightstuf.com.
  33. ^ "Dragon Ball Season 5 (DVD)". rightstuf.com.
  34. ^ "Virtually Overlooked: Dragon Power". Engadget. 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2015-12-18.
  35. ^ "Behind the Screens". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 98. Ziff Davis. September 1997. p. 118.
  36. ^ "Gundam Tops Anime Poll". Anime News Network. September 12, 2000. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  37. ^ "Part 2 - TV Asahi Top 100 Anime". Anime News Network. September 23, 2005. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  38. ^ "TV Asahi Top 100 Anime". Anime News Network. September 23, 2005. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  39. ^ "Japanese Animation DVD Ranking, September 10–16". Anime News Network. September 20, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  40. ^ "Japanese Animation DVD Ranking, August 6–12". Anime News Network. August 14, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  41. ^ Luster, Joseph. "Dragon Ball Season One". Otaku USA. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
  42. ^ Douglass Jr., Todd. "Dragon Ball: Season 5". DVD Talk. Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  43. ^ Douglass Jr., Todd. "Dragon Ball: Season Three". DVD Talk. Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  44. ^ Douglass Jr., Todd. "Dragon Ball: Season One". DVD Talk. Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  45. ^ Jones, Tim. "Dragon Ball". T.H.E.M. Anime Reviews. Retrieved 2013-09-12.
  46. ^ a b "Dragon Ball DVD Season 2 Uncut Set". Anime News Network. 2009-12-14. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
  47. ^ "Dragon Ball DVD Season 3". Anime News Network. 2009-12-14. Retrieved 2013-07-10.

External links[edit]