|Public (LSE: DRX)|
|Industry||Electrical power generation|
|Headquarters||Drax, North Yorkshire, England|
|Phil Cox CBE, Chairman
Dorothy Thompson, Chief Executive
Will Gardiner, Finance Director
|Products||Electrical power and byproducts of power product|
|Revenue||£2,805.0 million (2014)|
|£194.5 million (2014)|
|£128.7 million (2014)|
Drax Group plc is a British electrical power generation company that specialises in renewable, reliable, affordable energy. The Group is made up of upstream and downstream enterprises. The principal downstream enterprises are based in the UK and include Drax Power Limited, which runs Europe’s biggest biomass-fuelled power station, Drax power station, near Selby in North Yorkshire – the UK’s largest decarbonisation project, as well as supplying between 7-8 per cent of the country’s electricity needs; Haven Energy, the UK’s leading supplier of sustainable biomass energy to business; and Billington Bioenergy, the UK’s leading supplier of sustainable wood pellets for domestic biomass energy systems. The group’s largest upstream enterprises are Drax Biomass, which sources sustainable biomass for Drax power station and Baton Rouge Transit, which handles storage and transport of finished biomass pellets from the Port of Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
In 1990, the electricity industry of England and Wales was privatised under the Electricity Act 1989. Three generating companies and 12 regional electricity companies were created. As a result of privatisation, Drax Power Station came under the ownership of National Power, one of the newly formed generating companies. Over the years that followed privatisation, the map of the industry changed dramatically. One significant change was the emergence of vertically integrated companies, combining generation, distribution and supply interests. In certain cases, it became necessary for generation assets to be divested, and so in 1999 Drax Power Station was acquired by the US-based AES Corporation for £1.87 billion (US$3 billion). A partial re-financing of Drax was completed in 2000, with £400 million of senior bonds being issued by AES Drax Holdings, and £267 million of subordinated debt issued by AES Drax Energy.
Increased competition, over-capacity and new trading arrangements contributed to a significant drop in wholesale electricity prices, which hit an all-time low in 2002. Many companies experienced financial problems, and Drax Power Station’s major customer went into administration, triggering financial difficulties for Drax. Following a series of standstill agreements with its creditors, the AES Corporation and Drax parted company in August 2003. During the restructuring, a number of bids were received from companies wishing to take a stake in the ownership of Drax, but creditors voted overwhelmingly to retain their interest in Drax. In December 2003, the restructuring was completed and Drax came under the ownership of a number of financial institutions.
In 2009, Drax Group acquired Haven Energy  – enabling it to sell electricity directly. In 2015, the Group acquired Billington Bioenergy, specialists in providing sustainable biomass pellets for domestic energy systems.
Drax Power Station
Drax Group’s key asset is Drax Power Station. Originally built, owned and operated by the Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB), Drax Power Station was constructed and commissioned in two stages. Stage one (units 1, 2 and 3) was completed in 1974. Some 12 years later in 1986, stage two (units 4, 5 and 6) was completed. Drax was the last coal-fired power station to be built in the UK, and was initially designed to use low-sulphur coal from the nearby Selby coalfield in six generating units. Each unit has a capacity of 660MW when burning coal, giving a total capacity of just under 4,000M. This made Drax the largest power station in the UK.
In 1988, Drax became the first power station to invest in the retrofit of flue-gas desulfurization (FGD) equipment, making Drax the cleanest coal-fired power station in the UK. This removes at least 90 per cent of the sulfur dioxide (SO2) from emissions. Through retrofitting boosted-over-fire-air (BOFA) technology on all the boilers emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) are being further reduced. At the same time, by-products of the coal combustion and FGD processes are recycled through their further use in the construction industry.
In 2012, Drax power station completed a five-year £100 million project – the largest steam turbine modernisation programme in UK history – upgrading its high-pressure and low-pressure turbines. This saves one million tonnes of CO2 a year, which is the equivalent of taking 275,000 cars off the road. In the same year, Drax announced that it had the mandate, means and expertise to transform the business into a predominantly biomass-fuelled generator through burning sustainable biomass in place of coal. The first of the three generating units was successfully converted in April 2013 and the second in October 2014. A third is currently undergoing conversion. This process has made Drax Power Station the UK’s largest decarbonisation project.
By 2014, the conversion of the first two generating units at Drax power station from burning coal to burning sustainable biomass had already resulted in carbon savings of more than 2.7 million tonnes of CO2. That carbon saving alone is the equivalent of taking more than half a million cars off the UK’s roads (Environmental Protection Agency estimates each vehicle emits 4.75 tonnes CO2/year). In its first year of operation, the carbon savings from the power station’s first converted unit alone accounted for almost a fifth of the UK energy sector’s total decarbonisation efforts that year.
The power station is already making carbon savings of 86 per cent compared to burning coal –significantly above the European Commission's best practice benchmark of 70 per cent. A third generating unit should be converted to biomass by 2016, bringing total carbon reductions of 12 million tonnes – equivalent to making the whole of Luxembourg zero carbon, or talking 2.5 million cars off the UK's roads.
White Rose CCS
Drax is leading the way in developing Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology. This is the UK’s largest carbon capture project, and has the potential to radically change the way electricity is generated all over the world, by capturing CO2 at the point of generation. To prove this technology works, Drax is building a full-scale working power station along with its partners in the Capture Power consortium ¬– the White Rose CCS demonstration project.
This is a highly efficient oxy-fuel power plant that will produce up to 448MW of clean electricity from coal, with the potential to co-fire biomass. The plant will generate enough electricity to power 630,000 homes in the UK. Nine tenths of the CO2 emitted during generation – approximately 2 million tonnes per year – will be captured and stored more than 1 km beneath the seabed of the North Sea. By co-firing with biomass to the extent of the 10 per cent of the CO2 not captured, it will be possible to further reduce the CO2 emissions impact of the plant and potentially achieve negative CO2 emissions.
Drax Biomass specialises in producing biomass pellets to be used to generate electricity and fuel domestic heating systems by Drax Power Station, Haven Energy and Billington Bioenergy. Drax Biomass is a wholly owned US subsidiary of the Group, and operates two biomass pellet-manufacturing plants – Amite BioEnergy, Mississippi, and Morehouse BioEnergy, Louisiana. The two plants take leftover material from the timber industry in the region, dry it and form it into biomass pellets. These are then transported to the Port of Baton Rouge, Louisiana by road or rail, where they are handled by another member of the Drax Group, Baton Rouge Transit.
Baton Rouge Transit
Baton Rouge Transit is responsible for storing and loading the biomass at the Port of Baton Rouge and for ensuring their safe onward transportation. After being unloaded from truck or train, biomass pellets are stored in the two 40,000 tonne domes at the port. From there, they are loaded onto ships for transport to UK ports at Kingston upon Hull, Immingham, Port of Tyne and Liverpool.
Drax Power Limited
Drax Power Limited operates Drax Group’s key asset, the Drax Power Station in Selby, North Yorkshire. Formerly the EU’s largest coal-fired power station, Drax is now the UK's single largest supplier of renewable energy and the UK’s largest decarbonisation project.
Haven Energy is the UK's largest independent electricity supplier to businesses and sources its power from the Drax power station in Selby, North Yorkshire. As a result of its world leading biomass transformation, this is now the UK's single largest supplier of renewable energy.
The vast majority of the UK’s tens of millions of homes depend on fossil fuels for their heating, mainly gas but also fuel oil. These energy sources are unsustainable, have question marks over security of supply and produce more carbon dioxide emissions than sustainably sourced biomass over its lifecycle. Billington Bioenergy has been bringing energy from sustainable biomass to homes in the UK since 2007. They are pioneers in the distribution of sustainable wood pellets. In 2012, the company was awarded the EN+ Traders Accreditation. This guarantees customers fuel of the highest quality, backed up by a regulated and reliable supply chain through production, storage and distribution. In 2014, Billington Bioenergy were also approved on the Biomass Suppliers List (BSL) –showing that their pellets are all harvested in sustainable forests.
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