Drayton, Vale of White Horse

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Drayton StPeter southeast.jpg
St Peter's parish church
Drayton is located in Oxfordshire
 Drayton shown within Oxfordshire
Population 2,353 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SU4794
Civil parish Drayton
District Vale of White Horse
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Abingdon
Postcode district OX14
Dialling code 01235
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Wantage
Website DraytonVillage.co.uk
List of places

Coordinates: 51°38′49″N 1°18′47″W / 51.647°N 1.313°W / 51.647; -1.313

Drayton is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) south of Abingdon, Oxfordshire. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. The parish includes the hamlet of Sutton Wick. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 2,353.[1]


Two sites of former settlements in the parish are scheduled monuments. One is about 12 mile (800 m) north of the village at Sutton Wick, overlapping the parish boundary with Abingdon.[2] The other is around Brook Farm, about 12 mile (800 m) southeast of the village.[3]

An episode of the Channel 4 television series Time Team called "In the Halls of a Saxon King", first transmitted on 5 September 2010, investigated archaeological sites from various periods between Drayton and its eastern neighbour Sutton Courtenay. They included a Neolithic site called the Drayton Cursus.[4]

In 1965 a late Saxon sword was found during ploughing on a field beside Barrow Lane. It is similar to swords found at Windsor, Berkshire and Gooderstone, Suffolk.[5]


The earliest known forms of Drayton's toponym are the Old English Drægtune and Draigtun from the 10th century. It evolved through Draitune in the 10th and 11th centuries, Draitun from the 11th to the 13th century and Drettun in the 12th century. The current spelling of the name has been used since the 13th century.[6]

Drayton Manor House. The wing on the left is 18th-century. The range on the right is 15th-century, behind an early 20th-century front.


In AD 955 King Eadred granted 10 hides of land at Drayton to a thegn called Eadwold. Eadred's successors confirmed the grant. Eadwold left the estate to Abingdon Abbey but King Æthelred II, who was crowned in 978, seems to have held the manor, as in 983 he granted three hides of it to his butler, Wulfgar. In 1000 Æthelred granted the same three hides plus a watermill at Drayton to Abingdon Abbey. In the 11th century the land seems to have been divided into two manors: West and East Drayton.[6]

The oldest parts of Drayton's current Manor House are 15th-century. A wing was added in the 18th century and the front is early 20th-century. The house is a Grade II* listed building.[7]


Church of England[edit]

The oldest parts of the Church of England parish church of Saint Peter are Norman, built about AD 1200. The Perpendicular Gothic west tower and four-bay north aisle were added in the 15th century.[8]

The south transept was rebuilt about 1855 and the chancel was rebuilt in 1872. In 1879 the church was restored and south porch added, both to designs by the Gothic Revival architect Edwin Dolby.[8]

St Peter's was restored again in 1959 after it was damaged by fire. It is a Grade II* listed building.[9]

Drayton Baptist Church

The tower has a ring of eight bells. Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast a ring of six for the tower in 1871. The same founders added the present treble and tenor bells in 1880, increasing the ring to eight. There is also a Sanctus bell that one of the Wells family of bellfounders of Aldbourne, Wiltshire cast in about 1780.[10]


A Baptist chapel was built in 1834 and is now Drayton Baptist Church.[6]

A Wesleyan chapel was built in 1870[6] but is no longer used for worship.[11]

Economic and social history[edit]

69 High Street, a thatched 15th-century cruck cottage

Drayton had a watermill by AD 1000, when Wulfgar granted it in fee to Abingdon Abbey. From 1652 and 1823 Drayton had three watermills.[6] One survives on Mill Brook,[6] 34 mile (1.2 km) southeast of the village. Drayton is said to have had five dovecotes between 1793 and 1823.[6]

In 1517 an inquiry found that enclosure of arable land at Drayton had put 16 labourers and their families out of work. In 1810–11 Parliament passed an inclosure act for the remaining common land in the parish. The inclosure award was made in 1815.[6]

69 High Street is a 15th-century cruck cottage.[12][13] In 1780 an extensive fire destroyed a number of homes in the village.[6]

Drayton is on what used to be the main road between Oxford, Abingdon and Newbury. The section from Oxford and Abingdon through Drayton to Chilton Pond was turnpiked in 1755.[14] From the 1920s it was classified the A34 road. In the 1970s the A34 was re-routed as a dual carriageway bypassing Abingdon, Drayton and Steventon, and the section between Steventon Hill and Abingdon was detrunked and reclassified as the B4017.

Ruined chamber of Drayton Lock on the abandoned Wilts & Berks Canal

The route of the abandoned Wilts & Berks Canal passes through the northwest of Drayton parish, about 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of the village. Building had begun in 1796 at Semington Junction in Wiltshire and reached West Challow in 1807.[15] The final section, from West Challow through Drayton to Abingdon, was completed in 1810.[16] The canal made a long descent from its summit pound at Marston, Wiltshire to the River Thames at Abingdon. Drayton Lock, in the parish 1 34 miles (2.8 km) west of the village, was the final lock in the descent, bringing the canal down to the River Ock floodplain. Traffic on the canal had virtually ceased by 1901 and the route was formally abandoned in 1914.[17] The Wilts & Berks Canal Trust is currently restoring the canal.

In June 1840 the Great Western Railway reached Steventon, 1 34 miles (2.8 km) south of Drayton. Steventon railway station was the nearest station to Drayton until British Railways closed it in 1964. The nearest main line station is now Didcot Parkway, about 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast of Drayton.

In 1924 Drayton still held traditional celebrations on May Day and performed a Mummers play at Christmas.[6]


The Red Lion

Drayton has two pubs, the Red Lion[18] (controlled by Greene King Brewery) and the Wheatsheaf.[19] Morland Brewery of Abingdon, which Greene King took over and closed down in 2000, used to control both pubs.

Drayton has a Community Primary School.[20]


Since 2000 Drayton has been twinned with Lesparre-Médoc, a commune in the French département of Gironde.[21]


The Wheatsheaf
44 High Street, a timber-framed 17th-century farmhouse[22]
  1. ^ "Area: Drayton (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Sutton Wick settlement site". Historic England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Settlement site". Historic England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "In The Halls Of A Saxon King (Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire)". Time Team Series 17. Wessex Archaeology. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Hinton 1970, p. 1.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 341–344.
  7. ^ Historic England. "The Manor House  (Grade II*) (1052737)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Pevsner 1966, p. 130.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of Saint Peter  (Grade II*) (1052771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  10. ^ Hedgecock, James (27 February 2008). "Drayton S Peter". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Drayton (nr Abingdon)". Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels. Brian Curtis. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  12. ^ Fletcher 1968, p. 86.
  13. ^ Historic England. "69, High Street  (Grade II) (1052735)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  14. ^ Rosevear, Alan. "Berkshire". Maps of Turnpike Roads by County. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  15. ^ Dalby 2000, p. 23.
  16. ^ Dalby 2000, p. 24.
  17. ^ Dalby 2000, pp. 95–96.
  18. ^ The Red Lion
  19. ^ Wheatsheaf Public House in Drayton
  20. ^ Drayton Community Primary School
  21. ^ Regal, Propos Georges (27 April 2010). "Subventions à la baisse, la grogne des associations". Journal Sud Ouest (in French). Retrieved 29 December 2010. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "44, High Street  (Grade II) (1052741)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 


Church Lane in spring, with Aubrieta and Forsythia in bloom

External links[edit]