Drayton, Vale of White Horse
St Peter's parish church
Drayton shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||2,353 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|District||Vale of White Horse|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Drayton is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) south of Abingdon, Oxfordshire. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. The parish includes the hamlet of Sutton Wick. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 2,353.
Two sites of former settlements in the parish are scheduled monuments. One is about 1⁄2 mile (800 m) north of the village at Sutton Wick, overlapping the parish boundary with Abingdon. The other is around Brook Farm, about 1⁄2 mile (800 m) southeast of the village.
An episode of the Channel 4 television series Time Team called "In the Halls of a Saxon King", first transmitted on 5 September 2010, investigated archaeological sites from various periods between Drayton and its eastern neighbour Sutton Courtenay. They included a Neolithic site called the Drayton Cursus.
The earliest known forms of Drayton's toponym are the Old English Drægtune and Draigtun from the 10th century. It evolved through Draitune in the 10th and 11th centuries, Draitun from the 11th to the 13th century and Drettun in the 12th century. The current spelling of the name has been used since the 13th century.
In AD 955 King Eadred granted 10 hides of land at Drayton to a thegn called Eadwold. Eadred's successors confirmed the grant. Eadwold left the estate to Abingdon Abbey but King Æthelred II, who was crowned in 978, seems to have held the manor, as in 983 he granted three hides of it to his butler, Wulfgar. In 1000 Æthelred granted the same three hides plus a watermill at Drayton to Abingdon Abbey. In the 11th century the land seems to have been divided into two manors: West and East Drayton.
Church of England
St Peter's was restored again in 1959 after it was damaged by fire. It is a Grade II* listed building.
The tower has a ring of eight bells. Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast a ring of six for the tower in 1871. The same founders added the present treble and tenor bells in 1880, increasing the ring to eight. There is also a Sanctus bell that one of the Wells family of bellfounders of Aldbourne, Wiltshire, cast in about 1780.
Drayton had a watermill by AD 1000, when Wulfgar granted it in fee to Abingdon Abbey. From 1652 and 1823 Drayton had three watermills. One survives on Mill Brook, 3⁄4 mile (1.2 km) southeast of the village. Drayton is said to have had five dovecotes between 1793 and 1823.
In 1517 an inquiry found that enclosure of arable land at Drayton had put 16 labourers and their families out of work. In 1810–11 Parliament passed an inclosure act for the remaining common land in the parish. The inclosure award was made in 1815.
Drayton is on what used to be the main road between Oxford, Abingdon and Newbury. The section from Oxford and Abingdon through Drayton to Chilton Pond was turnpiked in 1755. From the 1920s it was classified the A34 road. In the 1970s the A34 was re-routed as a dual carriageway bypassing Abingdon, Drayton and Steventon, and the section between Steventon Hill and Abingdon was detrunked and reclassified as the B4017.
The route of the abandoned Wilts & Berks Canal passes through the northwest of Drayton parish, about 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of the village. Building had begun in 1796 at Semington Junction in Wiltshire and reached West Challow in 1807. The final section, from West Challow through Drayton to Abingdon, was completed in 1810. The canal made a long descent from its summit pound at Marston, Wiltshire to the River Thames at Abingdon. Drayton Lock, in the parish 1 3⁄4 miles (2.8 km) west of the village, was the final lock in the descent, bringing the canal down to the River Ock floodplain. Traffic on the canal had virtually ceased by 1901 and the route was formally abandoned in 1914. The Wilts & Berks Canal Trust is currently restoring the canal.
In June 1840 the Great Western Railway reached Steventon, 1 3⁄4 miles (2.8 km) south of Drayton. Steventon railway station was the nearest station to Drayton until British Railways closed it in 1964. The nearest main line station is now Didcot Parkway, about 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast of Drayton.
Drayton has two pubs, the Red Lion (controlled by Greene King Brewery) and the Wheatsheaf. Morland Brewery of Abingdon, which Greene King took over and closed down in 2000, used to control both pubs.
- "Area: Drayton (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Sutton Wick settlement site". Historic England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Settlement site". Historic England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "In The Halls Of A Saxon King (Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire)". Time Team Series 17. Wessex Archaeology. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Hinton 1970, p. 1.
- Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 341–344.
- Historic England. "The Manor House (Grade II*) (1052737)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Pevsner 1966, p. 130.
- Historic England. "Church of Saint Peter (Grade II*) (1052771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Hedgecock, James (27 February 2008). "Drayton S Peter". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Drayton (nr Abingdon)". Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels. Brian Curtis. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Fletcher 1968, p. 86.
- Historic England. "69, High Street (Grade II) (1052735)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Rosevear, Alan. "Berkshire". Maps of Turnpike Roads by County. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- Dalby 2000, p. 23.
- Dalby 2000, p. 24.
- Dalby 2000, pp. 95–96.
- The Red Lion
- Wheatsheaf Public House in Drayton
- Drayton Community Primary School
- Regal, Propos Georges (27 April 2010). "Subventions à la baisse, la grogne des associations". Journal Sud Ouest (in French). Retrieved 29 December 2010.
- Historic England. "44, High Street (Grade II) (1052741)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- Dalby, L.J. (2000) . The Wilts and Berks Canal (3rd ed.). Usk: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-562-4.
- Fletcher, John (1968). "Crucks In the West Berkshire and Oxford Region" (PDF). Oxoniensia (Oxford Architectural and Historical Society). XXXIII: 86.
- Hinton, David A (1970). "Two Late Saxon Swords" (PDF). Oxoniensia (Oxford Architectural and Historical Society) XXXV: 1–5.
- Page, W.H.; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). A History of the County of Berkshire. Victoria County History 4. assisted by John Hautenville Cope. London: The St Katherine Press. pp. 341–344.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). Berkshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 130.
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