|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2007)|
Drekavac (Cyrllic: дрекавац, Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [drɛkaʋats], literally "the screamer"), also called drek and drekalo is a mythical creature in south Slavic mythology. The name is derived from the adjective drečati (meaning bawling).
The creature is not consistently described. One description is that its body is dappled, elongated and thin as a spindle, with disproportionately large head; yet another is that it is some kind of bird; a modern find of supposed drekavac body looked like a dog or a fox, but with hind legs similar to those of kangaroo. It may also appear in the form of a child and call for people passing near the cemetery to baptise it. The one feature everyone agrees about is its horrifying yell.
Drekavac could be seen at night, especially during the twelve days of Christmas (called unbaptised days in Serbo-Croatian) and in early spring, in time where other demons appear most often. In the form of the child it predicts someone's death, but in the form of the animal, it predicts cattle disease. Drekavac rarely bothers its parents, as it is afraid of dogs.
Drekavac is often used as a child scare, in a similar way a banshee is in the West. It is probably more useful than banshees in rural areas, as children surely sometimes hear a sound of some animal and attribute it to drekavac, thus convinced it really exists; which would then probably prevent them from wandering far from home. In the cities, however, belief in it has faded, and Baba Roga, which more closely resembles western bogeyman, is much more used.
- Bukavac, recorded in Srem, a six-legged monster with gnarled horns that lives in water, coming out of it during the night making noise, and to try to strangle people and animals.
- Jaud (pronounced [jaud]), similar to drekavac, from a vampirised premature baby.
- Nav, the soul of dead child that died before its third age.
- Plakavac, recorded in Herzegovina, is a small vampire, a newborn strangled by its mother, which will rise from its grave at night, return to its house and scream around it, but otherwise can't do any harm.
Though the creature is used as a scare tactic for children, there are adults who do believe in its existence. According to the guide of a reporter of Duga magazine, numerous villagers on the mountain of Zlatibor report seeing it, and almost everyone reports hearing it. In 1992, it was reported that in the Krvavicka River the villagers found remains of an animal unlike any known, and claimed it was a drekavac. It looked like a dog or fox, but with hind legs similar to a kangaroo. A more recent encounter is from 2003, in the village of Tometino Polje near Divcibare. A series of attacks on sheep took place, not unlike those in other parts of the world attributed to chupacabras, and some villagers concluded that they must have been perpetrated by a drekavac. Others think it could not have been a drekavac because they have only heard the yells during the night, and the sheep were mutilated during the day. In September 2011 a horrifying yell and unverified encounters with strange creature, claimed to be drekavac, were reported in villages around Drvar in western Bosnia.
Belief in Drekavac is sometimes described in modern fiction. An example is a short story by Branko Ćopić Brave Mita and drekavac from the pond in which superstitious fishermen hear yells in the pond they fish in and, believing they hear a drekavac, stop fishing, which leads to hunger in the village. The protagonist, a courageous village boy named Mita, investigates and captures the drekavac, which turns out to be a great bittern, a bird very rare for the area. Drekavac is also mentioned in Ćopić's book Eagles Fly Early. A more recent and much more popular example comes from the movie Pretty Village, Pretty Flame where (lack of) belief in the drekavac is present in one of the central points of the movie:
- Halil (Bosnian Muslim): "Who torched my house?"
- Milan (Bosnian Serb): "And who slaughtered my mother?"
- Halil: "I haven't slaughtered your mother."
- Milan: "And I haven't torched your house."
- Halil: "Then who did, Milan? Maybe it was drekavac from the tunnel?"
Drekavac is rarely depicted in video and roleplaying games. An exception is the Magic: The Gathering card from the Dissension set. Serbian trading card game Izvori Magije has numerous cards of drekavac type, one of them named Drekavac iz Vira (meaning "Drekavac from the whirlpool"). This creature is described as: Big-headed and with long thin necks, drekavacs often jump out of whirpools to attack people who are returning home from watermills. It can also be found in Diablo 3 video game in areas of either Southern Highlands or Northern Highlands, where it takes a form of a large diseased animal in yellow aura, leading a herd as seen here.
- Draco, Latin name for "dragon"
- Dreq, Albanian name for the Devil
- Dracul, Romanian name for the Devil
- Levi, Pavle (2007) Disintegration in frames: aesthetics and ideology in the Yugoslav and post-Yugoslav cinema Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, page 181, ISBN 978-0-8047-5368-5
- Š. Kulišić; P. Ž. Petrović; N. Pantelić (1970). "Дрекавац". Српски митолошки речник (in Serbo-Croatian). Belgrade: Nolit. p. 110.
- Z. Šaponjić (2003-10-20). "I drekavac sumnjiv". Glas Javnosti (in Serbo-Croatian). Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- "Gimnastika na poledici". Nezavisna Svetlost #216. 1999. Archived from the original on 2008-04-09.
- Š. Kulišić; P. Ž. Petrović; N. Pantelić (1970). "Букавац". Српски митолошки речник (in Serbo-Croatian). Belgrade: Nolit. p. 48.
- Š. Kulišić; P. Ž. Petrović; N. Pantelić (1970). "Јауд". Српски митолошки речник (in Serbo-Croatian). Belgrade: Nolit. p. 157.
- Š. Kulišić; P. Ž. Petrović; N. Pantelić (1970). "Плакавац". Српски митолошки речник (in Serbo-Croatian). Belgrade: Nolit. p. 236.
- "Ljudi i vreme".
- Ćopić, Branko. "Hrabri Mita i drekavac iz rita". U svijetu medvjeda i leptirova. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
- Ćopić, Branko. "I". Orlovi rano lete. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
- "Dissension Sortable Spoiler". Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
- "Drekavac iz vira". Izvorimagije.com. Retrieved 2007-05-01.