Drenica

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Drenica
Historical region of Kosovo
Drenica region.png
Country  Kosovo
Municipalities Drenas/Glogovac
Skenderaj/Srbica
Area
 • Total 668 km2 (258 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 109,389
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
This article is about a region in Kosovo. For the river in Kosovo, see Drenica (river).

Drenica (Albanian: Drenicë, Drenica, Serbian Cyrillic: Дреница) also known as the Drenica Valley, is a hilly region in central Kosovo, covering roughly around 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi) of Kosovo's total area (6%). It consists of two municipalities, Glogovac and Skenderaj (sr. Srbica), and several villages in Klina, Mitrovica and the area of Vučitrn. It is located west of the capital, Pristina.

According to the 2011 Census, the population of the region is 109,389, excluding the surrounding villages. Albanians form the absolute majority of the region.[1]

Geography[edit]

Drenica is located in the center of what is today Kosovo, in the western part of the region itself of Kosovo.[2] It is sometimes regarded as a region in its own right (apart from Kosovo and Metohija).

In the 18th century, Drenica was divided into gornja ("upper") and donja ("lower") Drenica.[3] The center of Upper Drenica is Sedlar, that of Lower Drenica, Lauša.[3]

Middle Ages[edit]

Draškovina was the name of a medieval Serbian župa (county) that included parts of Metohija and northern Drenica.[4] The area of Kosovo, including Drenica, was part of Vuk Branković's land during the Fall of the Serbian Empire.[5] Drenica was first mentioned as a župa at the end of the Middle Ages.[3] It was first mentioned in 1413, when Đurađ Branković, his mother Mara, and brothers Đurađ and Lazar, endowed the village of Dobroševce to the Monastery of Saint Paul of Mount Athos. Despot Đurađ Branković (1427–1456) founded the Devič monastery in the region.[citation needed]

Early modern period[edit]

In the 18th century, Drenica was divided into gornja ("upper") and donja ("lower") Drenica.[3] The center of Upper Drenica is Sedlar, that of Lower Drenica, Lauša.[3]

Modern history[edit]

The villages surrounding the towns of Glogovac (Drenas) and Skenderaj are the birthplace of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and the stronghold of albanian nationalism, which began armed operations in Drenica in 1996. A KLA stronghold during the 1998-1999 Kosovo War, the region saw many armed conflicts against the security forces of FR Yugoslavia, then the host nation. The hilltop village of Likovac served as regional headquarters for the KLA until the Serbs recaptured it in an offensive in September 1998. The area around Čičavice also saw activity between Serb forces and the 114th Brigade of the KLA.[citation needed]

The Yugoslav army and paramilitary units used a Feronikel plant near Glogovac as a base for operations from 1998 to 1999. Before the war, the factory produced nickel and ore. After the Albanian workers were laid off or expelled, it was also used as a barracks and a fire base, in which cannons and rockets were fired against KLA positions. The plant was bombed by NATO forces on April 29, 1999, causing an unknown number of casualties and extensive damage.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Human Right Watch: Drenica Region
  2. ^ Jovan Đ Marković (1967). Geografske oblasti Socijalističke Federativne Republike Jugoslavije. Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika Socijalističke Republike Srbije. p. 399. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Tatomir P. Vukanović (2001). Enciklopedija narodnog života, običaja i verovanja u Srba na Kosovu i Metohiji: VI vek - početak XX veka : više od 2000 odrednica. Vojnoizdavački zavod. p. 159. 
  4. ^ Душко Томић (2006). Положај СПЦ у конфликту на Косову и Метохији. Задужбина Андрејевић. p. 31. ISBN 978-86-7244-519-0. 
  5. ^ Вук Бранковић, 1372-1398. Штамп. у краљевско-српској државној штамп. 1888. p. 6. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 42°33′31″N 20°48′45″E / 42.55861°N 20.81250°E / 42.55861; 20.81250