|Elevation AMSL||754 ft / 230 m|
Dresden Airport (IATA: DRS, ICAO: EDDC), formerly known in German as Flughafen Dresden-Klotzsche, is the international airport of Dresden, the capital of the German Free State of Saxony. It is located in Klotzsche, a district of Dresden 9 km (5.6 mi) north of the city centre. The airport features flights to some European metropolitan and several leisure destinations.
The airport was opened to commercial traffic on 11 July 1935.
Though planned as a commercial airport, its importance to the military increased dramatically during the following years in the Third Reich. During World War II it was exclusively used for military purposes. An airlift between the airport and Breslau was established to support German troops during the Siege of Breslau in spring of 1945. Attempts to destroy buildings and equipment before the Allied troops could occupy Dresden failed due to the resistance of civil airport employees.
During the following years, the airport was used as an education centre for the Soviet army. It was reopened for commercial traffic on 16 June 1957. In 1959 international air traffic resumed, primarily to countries of the Eastern Bloc.
Between 1955 and 1961, the East German government decided to develop its own aviation industry centred on Dresden. Although this development ultimately failed, it increased the importance of Klotzsche Airport considerably, and has shaped the design and atmosphere of the airport right up until today.
Development after German reunification
After German reunification, the airport was expanded and flights to western European capitals were added. Traffic increased sevenfold during the first half of the 1990s and a second terminal was opened in 1995.
In 2001 the current terminal was added. It was rebuilt from a hangar formerly used as an assembly hall by the aircraft industry.
In 2008, 1,860,364 passengers passed through the airport, an increase of 0.3% over the previous year and a record for the airport. In the same year, there were 36,968 takeoffs and landings, an increase of 2.3% over the previous year. The airport rebranded itself as "Dresden International" in September of the same year.
In February 2015, Etihad Regional announced the immediate termination of all their Dresden operations (which had commenced only two years earlier) due to changes to their strategy. All three existing routes were shut down, while two planned routes were never started. In June 2015, CityJet announced the termination of their route from London City Airport to Dresden after two years, due to low demand.
The airport consists of one modern passenger terminal building with several shops, restaurants and service agencies as well as seven aircraft parking positions equipped with jet bridges and some additional apron stands for mid-sized aircraft such as the Airbus A320.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Dresden Airport:
Dresden Airport railway station is in the basement of the terminal building. It is served by the S2 line of the Dresden S-Bahn, which provide a half-hourly link to Dresden-Neustadt and Dresden Hauptbahnhof stations in the centre of Dresden, with journey times of 13 and 23 minutes respectively. On weekdays the trains continue to the towns of Heidenau and Pirna.
Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe (DVB) bus route 77 links the airport to DVB tram route 7, which provides an alternative route to central Dresden. DVB bus route 80 links the airport to the districts of Klotzsche, Wilder Mann, Trachau and Cotta as well as the town of Boxdorf and also tram route 7.
The airport is within the Verkehrsverbund Oberelbe's Dresden tariff zone, as is central Dresden, and a single ticket (currently priced at €2.20) is valid on the S-Bahn, trams and buses within that zone. Other tariff zones cover the surrounding towns as far as Meissen and the Czech border. Tickets can be obtained at ticket vending machines in the station, at the bus stop, or at the airport information desk on the Arrivals level of the terminal.
The airport is served by an adjacent junction on the A4 Autobahn, which by-passes central Dresden on its route from Aachen, on the Dutch border, to Görlitz, on the Polish border. Junctions in the Dresden area connect the A4 to the A13, to Berlin, and the A17, to the Czech border and Prague.
The airport has a multi-storey car park with approximately 1,500 spaces, connected to the terminal building by a glass-covered pedestrian bridge. Additionally, there are three long-stay car parks, and a short-stay car park right next to the terminal access.
- EAD Basic
- Annual Traffic Report 2012
- "Flughaven Dresden - History of the airport". Flughafen Dresden GmbH. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- "Flughaven Dresden - Press release - 2008 traffic report". Flughafen Dresden GmbH. 2009-01-19. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- aero.de - "Cityjet cancels Dresden route" (German) retrieved 5 June 2015
- "Flughaven Dresden - Public transport". Flughafen Dresden GmbH. Retrieved 2013-05-21.
- "Flughaven Dresden - Car and taxi". Flughafen Dresden GmbH. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- "Flughaven Dresden - Parking". Flughafen Dresden GmbH. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
Media related to Flughafen Dresden at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Current weather for EDDC at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for DRS at Aviation Safety Network