The drift-field transistor, also called the drift transistor or graded base transistor, is a type of high-speed bipolar junction transistor having a doping-engineered electric field in the base to reduce the charge carrier base transit time.
Invented by Herbert Kroemer at the Central Bureau of Telecommunications Technology of the German Postal Service, in 1953, it continues to influence the design of modern high-speed bipolar junction transistors.
Early drift transistors were made by diffusing the base dopant in a way that caused a higher doping concentration near the emitter reducing towards the collector.:307
This graded base happens automatically with the double diffused planar transistor (so they aren't usually called drift transistors).:469
Similar high speed transistors
Another way (to speed the base transit time) is to vary the band gap across the base, e.g. in the SiGe [epitaxial base] BJT the base of Si1-ηGeη can be grown with η approx 0.2 by the collector and reducing to 0 near the emitter (keeping the dopant concentration constant).:307
- Herb’s Bipolar Transistors IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 48, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2001 PDF needs IEEE subscription
- Influence of Mobility and Lifetime Variations on Drift-Field Effects in Silicon-Junction Devices PDF needs IEEE subscription