Drill 'n' bass

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Drill 'n' bass (also known as fungle or spunk jazz[1]) is a subgenre of electronic music which developed in the mid-1990s as IDM artists began experimenting with elements of drum and bass, breakbeat, and jungle music.[2][3] Artists utilized powerful audio software programs and deployed frenzied, irregular beats that often discouraged dancing.[2][3] The style was often interpreted as having a lightly parodic relationship with the dance styles that inspired it.[4]


Early exponents of drill 'n' bass included Luke Vibert, Aphex Twin, and Squarepusher.[3][4] The style was pioneered by Vibert on his 1995 EPs under the name Plug.[5] Other pioneering releases included Aphex Twin's Hangable Auto Bulb EP (1995) and Squarepusher's Conumber E:P EP (1995).[3]

By the end of the 1990s, it had largely dissipated.[3] Subsequent artists such as Kid606 drew on the style.[6] It would help produce the IDM spin-off genre breakcore, which took a more earnest and frenetic approach to the jungle sound.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Peter Shapiro, ed. (1999). Drum'n'Bass the Rough Guide. p. 207. ISBN 9781858284330.
  2. ^ a b Greene, Paul D.; Porcello, Thomas, eds. (1 March 2010). Wired for Sound: Engineering and Technologies in Sonic Cultures. Wesleyan University Press. p. 161. ISBN 978-0819565167.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Drill'n'bass Music Genre Overview | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  4. ^ a b c Simon Reynolds. Energy Flash: A Journey Through Rave Music and Dance Culture. Soft Skull Press, 2012.
  5. ^ Reynolds, Simon. "kid606 - Down With The Scene review". Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  6. ^ Reynolds, Simon. "kid606 - Down With The Scene review". Retrieved 19 August 2019.