|Also known as||The Blues Doctor|
|Born||January 28, 1933|
Bishopville, South Carolina, U.S.
|Origin||Columbia, South Carolina, U.S.|
|Genres||Electric blues, soul blues, gospel|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, singer, songwriter|
|Instruments||Guitar, keyboards, vocals|
|Labels||Ichiban, Mapleshade, Southland, others|
Drink Small (born January 28, 1933) is an American soul blues and electric blues guitarist, pianist, singer, and songwriter. He is known as "The Blues Doctor" and has been influenced by a variety of musical styles including gospel and country music.
Drink Small (his real name) was born in Bishopville, South Carolina into a family of singers and musicians, who were also sharecroppers working in cotton fields. His mother was Alice "Missie" Small and his father was Arthur Jackson; they never married. There is no story or significance behind his name. He attended a two-room schoolhouse as a child. He taught himself to play the guitar around the age of six or seven, originally learning on his uncle's one-string guitar. He made a guitar as a child, cutting up an old inner tube for strings. Also at an early age, he learned to play an old pump organ that was in his home.
At the age of eight, he was thrown from and caught under the moving wheel of a mule-drawn wagon and suffered a severe back injury. He wore a makeshift body cast for weeks, which ended his days picking cotton and helped turn him towards his musical path by listening to the radio and learning to play the songs on the guitar. Later in his youth he organized a local gospel group, the Six Stars. During high school he sang in the school glee club and with a quartet, as well as in his church. Around this time he also began to perform with a professional gospel group, the Golden Five.
After high school, he attended the Denmark Area Trade School in South Carolina, studying barbering. On weekends when he returned home from school, he and the Golden Five would perform at house parties. He found playing music at night and cutting hair all day to be difficult, so he quit barbering and began to play music full time. In 1955, he moved to Columbia, South Carolina to play guitar with gospel group The Spiritualaires. That group's performances included a show at the Apollo Theater in Harlem and an appearance on the Shirley Caesar Caravan television show. The group toured with singer Sam Cooke as well as The Staple Singers and The Harmonizing Four. Sister Rosetta Tharpe once invited Small to be her permanent guitar player.
Small had eclectic musical influences, including Tennessee Ernie Ford, Merle Travis, John Lee Hooker, Fats Domino and the blues guitarist and singer Blind Boy Fuller. He also watched diverse musical shows on television, including Soul Train and The Lawrence Welk Show from which he drew musical inspiration. His musical style has been described as "drawn from the Piedmont blues tradition but also includes gospel, rhythm and blues, boogie-woogie, and Delta and Chicago style of blues".
He was considered one of the best guitarists in gospel music in the 1950s, before he turned his attention to secular music later in that decade. His transition to playing the blues full-time was aided by his fan base from the gospel music world. In 1959, he recorded the single "I Love You Alberta", released by Sharp Records.
With a mastery of multiple styles of music, a basso profondo blues voice, and a charismatic stage presence that includes telling bawdy stories and jokes onstage, in the 1960s he began to gain a following with college students in the Carolinas. He performed his blues at almost every institution of higher learning in South Carolina, along with frequent appearances at nightclubs, roadhouses, and blues clubs throughout the state.
Over the course of his long career, Small wrote hundreds of songs and recorded occasionally for small record labels, issuing six albums between 1990 and 2008. He started his own record label, Bishopville Records, in the 1970s. He recorded dirty blues tracks, such as "Tittie Man" and "Baby, Leave Your Panties Home", and more righteous songs, such as "The Lord Been Good to Me".
Small has toured nationally and internationally, including performances at well-known festivals such as the Chicago Blues Festival and the King Biscuit Blues Festival, as well as at three international World's fairs. He was the opening act for Little Milton, Bobby "Blue" Bland, and Koko Taylor, and was once on the same bill as Furry Lewis and Johnny Shines. Small performed at the 2005 New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival and at the first Julius Daniels Memorial Blues Festival in Denmark, South Carolina, in October 2010. In 2009, Small was the closing act of the first Pee Dee Blues Bash, held in Florence, South Carolina.
In February 2010, Small was one of several South Carolina musicians featured in the episode "Juke Joints and Honky Tonks" of the television documentary series Carolina Stories.
His favorite guitar is named Geraldine.
He moved to Columbia, South Carolina in 1955, bringing his mother with him. Although he toured across the U.S. and in Europe, Small has a fear of flying and preferred to perform close to home, where he cared for his mother. She died in 1988.
He never made enough money solely from his music career, so he required outside income. He sometimes sold fishing worms out of his backyard between musical gigs. He was quoted as saying "Rich people got the blues because they are trying to keep the money, poor people got the blues because they are trying to get some money, and Drink Small got the blues because I ain't got no money."
|1976||I Know My Blues Are Different||Southland (Select-O-Hits)|
|1988 (re-released in 2006)||Blues Doctor: Live & Outrageous!||Erwin|
|1990||The Blues Doctor||Ichiban|
|1994||Electric Blues Doctor Live||Mapleshade|
|2003||Does It All||Bishopville|
|2008||Tryin' to Survive at 75||Bishopville|
|2010||Hallelujah Boogaloo||Music Maker|
|unknown||"Atlanta Georgia is a Little New York, part 1" / "Atlanta Georgia is a Little New York, part 2"||Bishopville|
|1959||"I Love You Alberta" / "Cold Cold Rain"||Sharp|
|1987||"I'm Gonna Shag My Blues Away" / "I'm In Love with a Grandma"||Bishopville|
|1990||"Tittie Man" / "Rub My Belly"||Ichiban|
Awards and honors
- Small's 1988 album Blues Doctor: Live & Outrageous was nominated for a W.C. Handy Award
- 1990: Jean Laney Harris Folk Heritage Award, which represents South Carolina's highest honor for lifetime achievement in the traditional arts
- July 1992: featured on the cover of Living Blues magazine
- 1999: inducted into the South Carolina Music and Entertainment Hall of Fame
- 2001: inducted into the South Carolina Black Hall of Fame
- 2012: his song "Living in a BBQ World" was named as the official song of the South Carolina Festival of Discovery
- 2013: Bobby "Blue" Bland Ambassador for the Blues Award from the Jus' Blues Foundation
- 2015: National Heritage Fellowship awarded by the National Endowment for the Arts, which is the United States government's highest honor in the folk and traditional arts
- 2015: Mayor Stephen K. Benjamin proclaimed July 30, 2015 as "Drink Small Day" in Columbia, South Carolina, which has become an annual celebration
- 2018: Small's likeness was featured on a mural in the Five Points neighborhood of Columbia, South Carolina
- O'Neal, Jim (n.d.). "Drink Small: Biography". AllMusic.com. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
- Jones, Georgina (May 2, 2012). "Pop Ferguson Blues Festival IV". Winston-Salem Examiner.
- Miller, Michael (January 28, 2003). "The Blues Doctor is In". The State. Columbia, South Carolina.
- "Drink Small: Blues artist". Arts.gov. National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
- Click, Carolyn (December 10, 2014). "There is no other Drink Small". The State. Columbia, South Carolina. p. 17. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
- DeLune, Clair (September 17, 2014). "Drink Small, the Blues Doctor". Columbia Living Magazine. Mount Pleasant, South Carolina. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Donaghy, St. Claire (June 24, 2018). "SC blues legend Drink Small to be joined by Little Bit A Blues for Blues Cruise". The Index-Journal. Greenwood, South Carolina. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Drink Small the 'Blues Doctor'". The Union Times. Union, South Carolina. June 15, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Drink Small Day Celebration". ColaJazz Foundation. July 31, 2019. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Smith, Kelly Rae (February 4, 2015). "Drink Small is big on banter, Drinkism, and the dirty blues". Charleston City Paper. Charleston, South Carolina. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Bridges, Traci (November 4, 2009). "Florence welcomes inaugural Pee Dee Blues Bash". Morning News. Florence, South Carolina. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
- Franklin V, Benjamin (2008). Jazz and Blues Musicians of South Carolina: interviews with Jabbo, Dizzy, Drink, and others. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press. pp. 69–85. ISBN 978-1-57003-743-6. LCCN 2007-48831. OCLC 18317949.
- Herzhaft, Gérard (1997). Encyclopedia of the Blues (2nd ed.). Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press. p. 62. ISBN 9781557284525. LCCN 97-9674. OCLC 36423514.
- Schacht, John (August 16, 2006). "Jump blues revisited: Savoy Records veterans featured in one-of-a-kind reunion". Creative Loafing. Charlotte, North Carolina. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
- Frantz, Niles J. (n.d.). "Drink Small: The Blues Doctor". AllMusic.com. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
- "Drink Small: Tryin' to Survive at 75". AllMusic.com. n.d. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
- Shurley, Neil (February 18, 2010). "Carolina Stories: Juke Joints and Honky Tonks". Greenville Examiner. Greenville, South Carolina.
- Smith, Stephanie (February 18, 2015). "Drink Small: 'The Blues Doctor'". South Carolina Music Guide. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Lesley, Jason (March 3, 2016). "The (blues) doctor is in". Coastal Observer. Pawleys Island, South Carolina.
- Neaves, Alicia (February 16, 2020). "The story behind the man on the Five Points mural". WLTX. Columbia, South Carolina. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Drink Small: Discography". AllMusic.com. n.d. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Small, Drink". WorldCat Identities. OCLC. n.d. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Drink Small Discography - USA". 45cat.com. Retrieved June 7, 2021.
- "Black Fund to Honor Former Governor, Hall of Fame Inductees". The State. Columbia, South Carolina. June 23, 2001. p. B2.
- "'Drop In with Drink Small' to Celebrate the Blues Doctor's National Heritage Fellowship" (Press release). Targeted News Service. July 16, 2015.
- Bland, David Travis (June 16, 2018). "SC music legend Drink Small is playing two days in Columbia". The State. Columbia, South Carolina. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Duffy, Timothy (2004). Music Makers: Portraits and Songs from the Roots of America. Hillsborough, North Carolina: Music Maker Press. ISBN 9780974394701. LCCN 2005-561613. OCLC 62525457. – features Small
- Wilson-Giarratano, Gail (2014). Drink Small: The Life and Music of South Carolina's Blues Doctor. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press. ISBN 9781626197404. LCCN 2014-953164. OCLC 889643720. – Small's biography
- DeLune, Clair (2015). South Carolina Blues. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781467114721. LCCN 2015-936000. OCLC 908914957. – features Small