Drinkers Masses, to include Gamblers Masses (Latin: Missa Potatorum, Officio Lusorum), was a genre of medieval Latin poetry which parodied the Roman Catholic Latin Mass in order to make fun of drinking and gambling monks and clerics. These masses were written between about 1100 to 1700, with the first example being the gamblers mass (officio lusorum), found in the Carmina Burana. The genre is somewhat related to other medieval ecclesiastic parody, such as the Feast of Fools and the Feast of the Ass.
These parody masses generally follow line for line the words of the Latin Mass, as well as quotations from the Latin Vulgate. They are carefully reworded to create a parody of the Mass, with themes such as Bachus, the god of wine, and Decius, the god of dice (Decius was also the name of a Roman emperor), replacing the "Dominus" and "Deus" (Lord and God) of the Mass. There is much imagery of dice being used in gambling, and of drinking cups, wine, and taverns, ending with losing all of ones possessions, including clothes, through drinking and gambling.
- Parody in the Middle Ages: The Latin Tradition, by Martha Bayless, 1996.
- Dice-games and the blasphemy of prediction, by Rhiannon Purdie. (in Medieval Futures: Attitudes to the Future in the Middle Ages. ed. / JA Burrow; IP Wei. Boydell and Brewer, 2000. p. 167-184.)
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