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Drishyam

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Drishyam
Poster featuring Mohanlal, Meena, Esther and Ansiba walking
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJeethu Joseph
Produced byAntony Perumbavoor
Written byJeethu Joseph
Starring
Music bySongs:
Anil Johnson
Vinu Thomas
Score:
Anil Johnson
CinematographySujith Vaassudev
Edited byAyoob Khan
Production
company
Distributed byMaxlab Cinemas and Entertainments (India)
Release date
  • 19 December 2013 (2013-12-19) (Kerala)
Running time
164 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageMalayalam
Budget35–50 million[a]
Box officeest.750 million[4]

Drishyam (transl. Visual) is a 2013 Indian Malayalam-language thriller film written and directed by Jeethu Joseph. It stars Mohanlal and Meena, with Ansiba Hassan, Esther Anil, Kalabhavan Shajohn, Asha Sharath, Siddique, Roshan Basheer and Neeraj Madhav in supporting roles. The film was produced by Antony Perumbavoor for Aashirvad Cinemas. It follows the struggle of Georgekutty and his family, who come under suspicion when Varun Prabhakar, the son of the Inspector-general of police, goes missing.

The film began principal photography in the first week of October 2013 at Thodupuzha in Kerala, where the film was extensively shot. Filming was completed in 44 days which was originally scheduled for 52 days. The cinematography was done by Sujith Vaassudev and was edited by Ayoob Khan. The soundtrack of the film was composed by Anil Johnson and Vinu Thomas.

Released on 19 December 2013 in Kerala, Drishyam received widespread positive reviews with critics praising the screenplay, the performances and direction. It was the first Malayalam film to collect 500 million from the box office. The film grossed over 750 million worldwide and ran for more than 150 days in theatres. It remained the highest-grossing Malayalam film of all time until it was surpassed by Pulimurugan in 2016. It also became the longest-running film in the United Arab Emirates, running 125 days.

Drishyam won numerous accolades, including the Kerala State Film Award for Best Film with Popular Appeal and Aesthetic Value and the Filmfare Award for Best Film – Malayalam and screened at the 45th International Film Festival of India and the 8th Asian Film Festival. It was remade into four other Indian languages: Drishya (2014) in Kannada, Drushyam (2014) in Telugu, Papanasam (2015) in Tamil and Drishyam (2015) in Hindi. It was also remade in Sinhala language as Dharmayuddhaya (2017) and in Chinese as Sheep Without a Shepherd (2019), thereby becoming the first Indian film to be remade in Chinese.[5] A sequel Drishyam 2 was released in 2021.

Plot

A man named Georgekutty started out as an orphan who had dropped out of school after 4th grade, but is now a businessman running a cable TV service in a rural area. He is married to a woman named Rani and they have two daughters, Anju and Anu. His only interest apart from his family is watching films and he spends most of his time in front of the TV in his small office.

During a nature camp, Anju gets photographed in the bathroom by a hidden cell phone belonging to a teenage boy named Varun Prabhakar, who is the spoiled son of police Inspector General Geetha Prabhakar. Varun blackmails Anju to have sex with him or he will send the pictures on social media. When Rani finds out about this and confronts Varun, he retaliates by demanding Rani to have sex with him instead. Enraged by this, Anju attempts to crush Varun's phone with a pipe, but accidentally smacks Varun in the head, killing him instantly. Horrified by what happened, Rani and Anju hide his body in a compost pit, which is witnessed by Anu. Rani narrates the incident to Georgekutty, who starts to devise a plan to save his family from the law. He removes the broken cell phone and disposes of Varun's car, which is seen by the corrupt police constable Sahadevan, who has a grudge against Georgekutty. To ensure things go smooth, Georgekutty takes his family out on a trip to Thodupuzha to pray in a church, watch a movie and eat at a restaurant. Upon seeing that Varun has gone missing, Geetha starts an investigation.

After a preliminary investigation, Geetha calls Georgekutty and his family for questioning. Predicting that this would happen, Georgekutty had already taught his family how to change their alibi at the time of murder. When questioned individually, they give the same replies. Georgekutty also presents the bill of the restaurant, the movie tickets and the bus tickets as proof of their alibi. Geetha questions the owners of the establishments they claim they have been to, and their statements prove Georgekutty's alibi. However, Geetha deduces that Georgekutty had probably faked the evidence and established his alibi by actually going on a trip with his family to the same establishments later; some time after the murder, Georgekutty met the owners again, and during those meetings, he had cleverly misdirected them saying they had visited Thodupuzha on a different date.

With that in mind, Geetha arrests Georgekutty with his family, and Sahadevan uses brute force to beat the truth out of them. Eventually, Anu gives in after being brutally beaten by Sahadevan and reveals the place where she saw the body buried. However, Geetha and her husband soon learned from Varun's friend Alex about Varun's true intentions for Anju, finally realising that they had raised a perverted teenager who tried to rape a young girl. However, on digging the compost pit, they were shocked to find the carcass of a calf, as Georgekutty, having anticipated their moves, shifted Varun's body elsewhere. With no evidence to prove that Georgekutty and his family had murdered Varun, Georgekutty gets Anu to publicly speak out against Sahadevan and gain public support, resulting Sahadevan to be chased away by a mob and get suspended for battery and assault. All charges against Georgekutty and his family are dropped, and Geetha resigns from her post, presumably out of guilt over Varun's actions.

Later on, Geetha and her husband apologises to Georgekutty and his family for their rude and violent behavior, holding themselves responsible for spoiling Varun in the first place and pleading to know what happened to him. A remorseful Georgekutty finally confesses that his family accidentally killed Varun because of what Varun tried to do to Anju, but assured that what happened was nothing personal as they are truly sorry for Varun's death. Now in remand, Georgekutty signs a register at the newly constructed local police station, where the new Inspector states that Georgekutty won't be fooling him and the police and that they will find Varun's body sooner or later. As Georgekutty leaves, a flashback shows him leaving the incomplete police station with a shovel in hand. The earlier dialogue and the flashback both subtly imply that he has hidden Varun's body in the foundations of the police station itself.

Cast

Production

Development

In July 2013, it was reported that Jeethu Joseph will be directing a film titled My Family with Mohanlal in the lead.[6] In August 2013, Jeethu clarified that the film was titled Drishyam.[7] A thread similar to that of Drishyam has been with the director since the early 1990s. He was inspired by a conversation he had overheard about the plight of two families involved in a legal battle.[8] Jeethu had penned the story of Drishyam even before Memories (2013).[9] He says, "I started working on the subject some two years back. But I wanted to stick to the planned order and hence postponed the project till I finished Memories".[10] The script was initially planned to be filmed by another director but since that director could not find a producer, Jeethu took back the script and decided to direct it himself.[11] Drishyam contrasts from the director's previous films. He says, "Different films require different treatment. I toiled hard while filming Memories as the film was full of twists and turns and the handling of the subject mattered a lot. But Drishyam is a complete script-oriented film that does not require any special effort. We shot the film sticking completely to the script, and the shooting was completed effortlessly."[12]

Casting

Jeethu had initially approached Mammootty to play the lead, but he was unable to commit and asked Jeethu to proceed with the film with another actor.[13] According to the director, Mammootty was instrumental in casting actress Meena for the film.[8] The director, in an interview with The New Indian Express, stated that he wrote the screenplay with Mohanlal in mind and that the character was tailor-made for Mohanlal.[12] He later added that no changes were made in the script when Mohanlal agreed.[14]

Kalabhavan Shajon, who previously worked in the industry as a comedian and the sidekick of the lead actors, was chosen for the main antagonistic role. The director stated, "I had two-three actors in mind, but at last decided to pick Shajon. I was very clear that I did not want anyone who has played negative characters so far to do the role. Shajon was a total revelation."[8] Roshan Basheer, who debuted through Plus Two (2010), was chosen after conducting a screen test.[15] Prithviraj was rumored to play a cameo role, though this was denied by Jeethu.[16][17] Asha Sarath was later signed for the role of a police officer.[18] Child actors Ansiba Hassan and Esther Anil, along with Siddique, Irshad, Kunchan and Koottickal Jayachandran were also cast to play major supporting roles.[12]

Filming

Drishyam commenced principal photography in the first week of October 2013. Mohanlal joined the sets only from 10 October as he was down with chickenpox.[19] The film was shot at Thodupuzha in Kerala.[12] The road-side house shown in the film, which was a major location, is situated at Vazhithala, near Thodupuzha.[20] The shooting had to be halted for a while as Meena fainted on the location.[21] Drishyam was initially planned to be filmed in 52 days, though it was completed in 44 days.[8]

Themes

A reviewer from The Hindu noted, "The film takes off as a typical family drama. The first half of the film is intentionally slow-paced and shows to the audience the lighter moments in the family of Georgekutty. This half combines the elements of drama and comedy genres. The audience gets completely absorbed in the twist of events that begin to unfold from the end of the first half. The second half is more like a thriller and is about how the family, despite the vengeful villainy of a corrupt cop, stands its ground even as the law takes its course."[22] When asked whether this change in narrative style post-interval was intentional, Jeethu replied: "I really don't understand when people say the first half lacked pace. A story or a film has its own way of progression and it does travel in a zig-zag away, capturing all the ups and downs of our lives. Right from the start if you accelerate the pace, sooner or later, the story-telling will lose its steam."[8]

When asked whether he had kicked off a new genre in Malayalam—family thriller, a genre which combines the elements of a family drama and thriller, Jeethu replied, "I still believe it belongs to the genre 'drama', not a thriller."[8] He also stated in another interview, "We usually brand a film as a thriller, simply because there is some mystery in the narrative or the story unfolds through an investigation. But I don't subscribe to this. Although there are some twists in the tale and some suspense as well, Drishyam is essentially the story of a family."[23]

The film has also been said to be inspired by The Devotion of Suspect X, a Japanese novel written by Keigo Higashino. Ekta Kapoor, who had purchased the Hindi movie rights of the novel, sent a legal notice to the makers of the film. However, the director clarified, "After Ekta's legal team sent us the letter, I watched the Japanese film, Suspect X, which is an adaptation of the Japanese novel. There could be similarities between my film and that Japanese film, but my film is neither an adaptation nor a copy. The Japanese film is also about a murder cover-up and hence the allegation. Similarities are quite common in the works of creators and that shouldn't be made into an issue."[24] Rashomon (1950) was also cited as an inspiration for the film.[25]

The film was criticised for the use of some "sexist dialogues" in the first half which were playing to a certain "new generation" audience. Sowmya Rajendran of Sify criticised the same and stated about one of such scenes in the film, "it is such banter, which we often dismiss with a laugh, that helps perpetuate rape culture."[26] When asked about this, the director replied, "I firmly believe such conversations are part of our lives. I don't want to elaborate, but it also throws an insight into each character featured in the sequences. Yes, frankly, I was a bit worried how the family audience would react to those scenes. But then I read out that part of the script to a select group of women and they nodded their heads in approval."[8]

There were also allegations that Drishyam might provoke murder. Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) Senkumar claimed that two people accused of murdering a woman from Nilambur in February 2014 admitted that their methods for disposing of the victim's body and mobile phone SIM card were influenced by the film.[27] The murder of a young girl in Irinjalakkuda by her father and his mistress was also said to be influenced by Drishyam.[28]

Soundtrack

Drishyam
Soundtrack album by
Anil Johnson, Vinu Thomas
Released25 November 2013 (2013-11-25)
Recorded2013
StudioSound Factory, Cochin
GenreFilmi
Length10:20
LanguageMalayalam
LabelMuzik 247

Drishyam's soundtrack album features two songs used in the film, each of them were composed by Anil Johnson and Vinu Thomas, with lyrics penned by Santhosh Varma; the former provided the background score for the film. The album was released on 25 November 2013 by Muzik 247.[29]

Veeyen of NowRunning noted in his review of the film that the songs "have a refreshingly delightful tenor to them that deserve an applause for certain."[30] The reviewer of IndiaGlitz called the score "refreshing" and stated that it "builds the tempo" for the film.[31]

Track list
No.TitleMusicSinger(s)Length
1."Maarivil"Vinu ThomasNajim Arshad04:13
2."Nizhale"Anil JohnsonVijay Yesudas06:07
Total length:10:20

Release

Drishyam released on 19 December 2013 in India.[32] It also received a theatrical release in the United States, United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates on 3 January 2014. The film was passed with an 'U' (Universal) certificate from the Central Board of Film Certification.[33] The film was selected to be screened in the Indian Panorama at the 45th International Film Festival of India.[34] It also screened at the 8th Asian Film Festival held in Jeddah in 2015, representing India.[35]

Home media

Drishyam was released on Blu-ray Disc, DVD and VCD on 9 May 2014. The film created a new record in the DVD and VCD sales on the first day of release itself.[36] The film's satellite rights were reported to be bought by Asianet for a record amount of 65 million (US$910,000). The record was previously held by Kadal Kadannu Oru Maathukutty (2013) which was bought for 57.5 million (US$810,000) by the same channel.[37] It had its global television premiere on 7 September 2014 at 6 pm. IST.[38]

Plagiarism allegations

In August 2014, film director Satheesh Paul filed a copyright infringement suit against the makers, saying that it had similarities to his script titled Oru Mazhakkalathu, written in 2013. The court passed an order saying that the movie had prima facie similarities to Satheesh' script, but allowed the making of the Tamil version Papanasam to proceed, on the condition that the makers of Drishyam produce a 10 lakh bank guarantee before the court to ensure the compensation.[39] The case was dismissed in March 2015 as it was proved that Jeethu had written the script in 2011.[40]

Reception

Critical response

Mohanlal attracted positive reviews for his performance.

Sify's reviewer rated the film as "Excellent" and stated, "It is not often that you sit in a theatre with bated breath, never wanting to miss a moment of the film on screen. Writer director Jeethu Joseph's Drishyam is one such film, a gripping tale that leaves you spellbound with its skillful craft."[41] Veeyen of NowRunning rated the film 3/5 and commented, "In Drishyam Jeethu attempts a stunning mix of the real with the imaginary, and the result is an unpredictable cinematic artichoke that takes you by surprise at every turn."[30] Rating the film 3.5/5, Paresh C Palicha of Rediff said, "Drishyam can be credited for bringing Mohanlal back to form and pushing director Jeethu Joseph into the big league as he has made a cracker of a thriller."[42] Jabir Mushthari of The Hindu wrote: "It takes craft, intelligence, and the superior acumen of a genuine storyteller to pull off a film in such an engaging manner." He also noted that the film's "thread and treatment are new to Malayalam cinema in many ways" and its "principles go against the set rules film goers here are familiar with".[22]

Shibu B S of The New Indian Express wrote, "For his latest outing Drishyam, Jeethu attempts a splendid mix of emotions, relationships, suspense and thrill. End result: a spectacular cinematic experience."[43] Dalton L of Deccan Chronicle gave the film a 3-star rating, writing, "The limelight belongs entirely to Mohanlal. Like the versatile greats of Hollywood, this actor possesses such a vast repertoire that he isn't required to always attempt the radically new to stamp his towering persona."[44] Mythily Ramachandran wrote in her review for Gulf News: "Drishyam is an unforgettable picture, shorn of irrational fight sequences and mindless dance numbers."[45] Aswin J Kumar of The Times of India said, "Drishyam is an elegantly crafted piece of film which Lal and Joseph can proudly hold close to their hearts."[46]

Unni R. Nair noted in his review for Kerala9.com, "The care with which the script is done, the finesse with which the direction part is executed and the characterization and performance plus the thoughtful placing of the songs makes Drishyam worth real appreciation. That the film has almost zero-'filmy' humour is also worth noting. It's the logical manner in which the story unfolds and the very convincing manner in which the characters behave makes it impressive." The critic rated the film three in a scale of five.[47] IndiaGlitz's reviewer rated the film 8/10 and stated, "Drishyam is undoubtedly cladded with exceptional story telling combined with bravura performances. An undoubtedly exceptional film as far the content is concerned, the movie is a must watch for all the audiences of family and thriller movies."[31]

Box office

According to Sify, the film "started on a low key" but "swept the box-office" from its second day of release.[48] The film grossed 67 million in its first eight days.[49] In less than one month following its release, Drishyam became the highest-grossing Malayalam film of all time, beating the record of Twenty:20 (2008).[2][50] The film ran for more than 150 days in Kerala,[51] with collections of over 430 million.[52]

The film also grossed around 100 million from rest of India.[53] It showed for 100 days in Tamil Nadu.[54] It also had a 100-day theatrical run in multiplexes in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Ahmedabad and Hyderabad.[55] The collection from the overseas markets was more than 40 million, with around 10 million from England alone.[53] Drishyam became the second film to complete 100 days in the UAE after Titanic (1997)[56] and later emerged as the longest running film in the UAE by completing 125 days, beating the 110 days run of Titanic.[57][58] The film completed 100 days in 60 theaters in Kerala and rest of India.[53]

Drishyam was the first Malayalam film to collect 500 million from its theatrical box office collections, remake rights, satellite and television rights.[59] The film collected more than 750 million in its theatrical run worldwide.[60] Drishyam held the record for box office gross until 2016 when Pulimurugan overtook it.[4]

Accolades

Award Category Nominee(s) Result Ref.
2013 Kerala State Film Awards Best Popular Film Drishyam Won [61]
Special Jury Award Kalabhavan Shajon Won
61st Filmfare Awards South Best Film Drishyam Won [62]
Best Director Jeethu Joseph Nominated [63]
Best Actor (Male) Mohanlal Nominated
Best Actor (Female) Meena Nominated
Best Supporting Actor (Male) Siddique Nominated
Best Supporting Actor (Female) Asha Sarath Won [62]
3rd South Indian International Movie Awards Best Film Drishyam Won [64]
Best Director Jeethu Joseph Won
Best Actor (Male) Mohanlal Nominated [65]
Best Actor (Female) Meena Nominated
Best Supporting Actor (Female) Asha Sarath Nominated
Best Actor in a Negative Role Kalabhavan Shajon Won [64]
Best Child Actor Esther Anil Nominated [65]
Best Playback Singer (Male) Najim Arshad Nominated
Amrita Film Awards Best Film Drishyam Won [66]
Best Director Jeethu Joseph Won
Best Actor (Male) Mohanlal Won
Best Producer Antony Perumbavoor Won
Best Supporting Actor (Female) Asha Sarath Won
Best Playback Singer (Male) Najim Arshad Won
Asianet Film Awards Best Film Drishyam Won [67]
Millenium Actor Mohanlal Won
Best Supporting Actor (Male) Siddique Won
Best Supporting Actor (Female) Asha Sarath Won
Best Character Actor (Female) Meena Won
Best Actor in a Negative Role Kalabhavan Shajon Won
Asiavision Awards Best Popular Film Drishyam Won [68]
Best Supporting Actor (Male) Siddique Won
Best Supporting Actor (Female) Asha Sarath Won
Kerala Film Critics Association Awards Best Film Drishyam Won [69]
Best Director Jeethu Joseph Won
Best Actor (Male) Mohanlal Won
Best Choreography Sabu Ram Won
Best Playback Singer (Male) Najim Arshad Won
Vanitha Film Awards Best Film Drishyam Won [70]
Best Director Jeethu Joseph Won
Vayalar Film Awards Best Script Jeethu Joseph Won [71]
Best Actor (Female) Meena Won
Best Cinematography Sujith Vaassudev Won

Remakes

Drishyam was remade into several Indian and foreign languages. The Indian remake rights of the film were sold for 155 million. All these versions were commercially successful.[1]

Kannada

Telugu

Tamil

Hindi

Sinhala

Chinese

Korean

  • As of 2021, an untitled Korean remake of the flim was in its initial stages of development.

Sequel

Jeethu Joseph and Mohanlal were filming for Ram prior to the COVID-19 lockdown in India, however the shooting of the film was stalled as some sequences they want to film in foreign locations, such as London and Cairo. As the crew realised that the filming would take time to continue, Jeethu decided to start the works for Drishyam 2.[76] Mohanlal said during an interview that he has read the script, and shooting might begin after lockdown.[77] Mohanlal and Meena will reprise their roles.[78]

Principal photography began on 21 September 2020, and was shot for 46 days in Kochi and Thodupuzha.[79][80] The film was released directly through the OTT platform Amazon Prime Video on 19 February 2021.[81]

Notes

  1. ^ Gautaman Bhaskaran of Hindustan Times claims the film's budget as 35 million,[1] while IANS claims it to be 50 million.[2] Sify claims the budget of the film to be 45 million.[3]

References

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  2. ^ a b "Balachander lauds Drishyam, salutes Mohanlal". Hindustan Times. 20 January 2014. Archived from the original on 6 August 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  3. ^ "'Drishyam' celebrates 50 days, strikes gold at box-office". IANS. 3 February 2014. Archived from the original on 9 October 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Mohanlal's Pulimurugan becomes first Malayalam film to gross over 100 crore rupees". Deccan Chronicle. 7 November 2016. Archived from the original on 22 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Wu Sha: The Chinese remake of Mohanlal starrer Drishyam is minting moolah". The Indian Express. 22 January 2020.
  6. ^ NR (8 July 2013). "Mohanlal in Jithu Joseph's movie". Now Running. 8 July 2013. Archived from the original on 6 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Jeethu's Mohanlal film is 'Drishyam". Sify. 25 August 2013. Archived from the original on 21 September 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Rajaneesh Vilakudy (24 December 2013). "Mohanlal's Xmas release has Kerala hooked". Bangalore Mirror. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
  9. ^ Deepa Gauri (26 September 2013). "Maximum risk". Khaleej Times. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  10. ^ Sivalakshmi Roshith (5 September 2013). "Rural Snapshots". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 29 December 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  11. ^ Mythily Ramachandran (26 December 2013). "'Drishyam' speaks of a family's fortitude". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
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  14. ^ "Mohanlal Replaced Mammootty In Drishyam, Says Jeethu Joseph". Oneindia.in. 18 December 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
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  17. ^ "Prithviraj not roped in for Mohanlal's 'Drishyam'". CNN-IBN. 23 October 2013. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Asha Sarath to play a cop". The Times of India. 29 October 2013. Archived from the original on 9 October 2017.
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  20. ^ Vijay George (21 November 2013). "On Location: Drishyam—The family guy's predicament". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Meena faints while shooting". The Times of India. 23 October 2013. Archived from the original on 9 October 2017.
  22. ^ a b Mushthari, Jabir (22 December 2013). "A bold, fresh, and thoroughly engaging outing". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013.
  23. ^ George, Vijay (26 December 2013). "One for the family". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013.
  24. ^ "Drishyam director responds to Ekta Kapoor's legal notice". The Times of India. 22 July 2014. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015.
  25. ^ "My script for 'Drishyam' is original, says Jeethu Joseph". Business Standard. 4 March 2014. Archived from the original on 8 November 2015.
  26. ^ "Will Drishyam be perfected in its remakes?". Sify. 29 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 November 2015.
  27. ^ Seshagiri, Sangeetha (16 February 2014). "Nilambur Murder Case: Mohanlal-Starrer 'Drishyam' Inspired Accused to Cover-up Crime?". ibtimes.co.in. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  28. ^ "Man Covers up Daughter's Murder in Filmy Style". The New Indian Express. 16 February 2014. Archived from the original on 12 December 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Drishyam (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". iTunes Store. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  30. ^ a b "Drishyam Review". Nowrunning.com. 19 December 2013. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013.
  31. ^ a b "Drishyam- This 'Drishyam' is an excellent watch". Indiaglitz.com. 20 December 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2013.
  32. ^ "Drishyam releases today (Dec 19)". Sify.com. 19 December 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016.
  33. ^ "Drishyam 2013". Blu-ray.com. Archived from the original on 1 December 2015.
  34. ^ "45th International Film Festival of India, 2014" (PDF). dff.nic.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 December 2014.
  35. ^ Irfan Mohammed (10 March 2015). "Indian movie lauded at Asian Film Festival in Jeddah". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  36. ^ "Mohanlal's Drishyam Creates New Record In DVD-VCD Sales". Oneindia.in. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  37. ^ "Mohanlal's Drishyam Sold For Rs 6.5 Crores!". Oneindia.in. 8 January 2014. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  38. ^ "TV programme listings (07/09/2014)". The Hindu. 7 September 2014. Archived from the original on 26 December 2016.
  39. ^ "Kerala Court Halts 'Drishyam' Tamil Remake Starring Kamal Haasan over Copyright Issue". International Business Times. 23 August 2014. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014.
  40. ^ "Plagiarism case against 'Drishyam' dismissed". Sify.com. 17 March 2015. Archived from the original on 24 December 2015.
  41. ^ "Movie Review: Drishyam". Sify.com. 19 December 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013.
  42. ^ "Review: Drishyam is Mohanlal's film". Rediff.com. 20 December 2013. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013.
  43. ^ B S, Shibu (22 December 2013). "A Spectacular Cine Experience". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 29 December 2013.
  44. ^ L, Dalton (22 December 2013). "Malayalam Movie Review: 'Drishyam'". Deccan Chronicle. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013.
  45. ^ Ramachandran, Mythily (1 January 2014). "Film review: Drishyam has the Mohanlal we love". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014.
  46. ^ Kumar, Aswin J (22 December 2013). "Drishyam". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 December 2013.
  47. ^ Nair, Unni R. (20 December 2013). "A Spectacular Cine Experience". Kerala9.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
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