Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us
|Author||Daniel H. Pink|
|December 29, 2009|
|Media type||Print (Hardback), E-book|
Drive is the fourth non-fiction book by Daniel Pink. The book was published on December 29, 2009 by Riverhead Hardcover. In the text, he argues that human motivation is largely intrinsic, and that the aspects of this motivation can be divided into autonomy, mastery, and purpose. He argues against old models of motivation driven by rewards and fear of punishment, dominated by extrinsic factors such as money.
- "Carrots & Sticks are so last Century. Drive says for 21st century work, we need to upgrade to autonomy, mastery and purpose."
Based on studies done at MIT and other universities, higher pay and bonuses resulted in better performance ONLY if the task consisted of basic, mechanical skills. It worked for problems with a defined set of steps and a single answer. If the task involved cognitive skills, decision-making, creativity, or higher-order thinking, higher pay resulted in lower performance. As a supervisor, you should pay employees enough that they are not focused on meeting basic needs and feel that they are being paid fairly. If you don’t pay people enough, they won’t be motivated. Pink suggests that you should pay enough “to take the issue of money off the table.”
To motivate employees who work beyond basic tasks, give them these three factors to increase performance and satisfaction:
Autonomy — Our desire to be self directed. It increases engagement over compliance.
Mastery — The urge to get better skills.
Purpose — The desire to do something that has meaning and is important. Businesses that only focus on profits without valuing purpose will end up with poor customer service and unhappy employees.
Another summary was done by RSAnimate, a ten-minute video animation adapted from Dan Pink's talk at the RSA. In the book, Pink discusses the advantages of intrinsic, internal motivation compared to the traditional old-school external motivation of fear, money and rewards.
- "MIND Reviews: Drive: The Surprising Truth about What Motivates Us". Scientific American. May 7, 2010.
- Richard Eisenberg (January 29, 2010). "'Drive' author Daniel Pink: Raises make bad motivators". USA Today.
- Chris Cameron (May 14, 2010). "Weekend Reading: Drive, by Daniel Pink".
- Pink, Daniel H. (2010). Drive – The Surprising Truth about what motivates us. 2815 of 3967: Canongate Books. ISBN 978-1-84767-888-1.
- Beth Hawkins (November 12, 2010). "'Drive' author Daniel Pink offers creative ways for educators to 'lighten their load'". MinnPost.
- Pink, Daniel H. Drive: (2009) The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us. Riverhead Books, New York, New York
- "RSA ANIMATE - DRIVE".