Driving Miss Daisy (play)

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For the 1989 film, see Driving Miss Daisy. For the 2014 film, see Driving Miss Daisy (2014 film).
Driving Miss Daisy
Written by Alfred Uhry
Characters
  • Hoke Colburn
  • Daisy Werthan
  • Boolie Werthan
Date premiered 1987
Place premiered Playwrights Horizons
New York City
Original language English
Series Atlanta Trilogy:
Genre Drama

Driving Miss Daisy is a play by American playwright Alfred Uhry, about the relationship of an elderly white Southern Jewish woman, Daisy Werthan, and her African-American chauffeur, Hoke Colburn, from 1948 to 1973. The play was the first in Uhry's Atlanta Trilogy, which deals with white Jewish residents of that city in the early 20th century. The play won the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for Drama.[1]

Synopsis[edit]

The time: 1948, the place: Atlanta, Georgia. A crash is heard, and Daisy Werthan, age 72, is in her living room, with her son Boolie, age 40. They are Jewish, with Atlanta accents. She has crashed her car, and Boolie insists that she have a driver. Boolie is in his office and interviews Hoke Coleburn who is a black man of around 60. He is unemployed. Over the next 25 years Hoke drives "Miss Daisy". They are initially wary of each other, and Hoke puts up with the somewhat crotchety Miss Daisy with dignity. She teaches Hoke to read, having been a teacher. Ultimately, they form a friendly bond, with Miss Daisy inviting Hoke to accompany her to a dinner for Martin Luther King, Jr.

Hoke visits Miss Daisy, now age 97, in a nursing home, seeing her for one final time.

Background[edit]

The play was inspired by Alfred Uhry's grandmother, Lena Fox, her chauffeur, Will Coleman, and his father. His grandmother, a Jewish woman who lived in Atlanta during the 1960s, had to give up driving after a car accident, and hired Coleman, who drove her for 25 years.[2]

Uhry wrote his Atlanta Trilogy based on his own experiences living in Atlanta as a Jew. He set his three plays at "historic moments in the city’s twentieth century—the 1915 lynching of Leo Frank, the 1939 Gone With the Wind premiere, the 1958 Temple bombing, and the city’s 1964 dinner honoring Martin Luther King’s Nobel Peace Prize." The plays are Driving Miss Daisy, The Last Night of Ballyhoo, and Parade.[3]

Historical casting[edit]

Character 1987 Off-Broadway cast 1st National Tour cast 2nd National Tour cast 1989 Film cast Original West End cast 2010 Broadway cast West End revival cast
Daisy Werthan Dana Ivey Julie Harris Rosemary Prinz Jessica Tandy Wendy Hiller Vanessa Redgrave
Hoke Coleburn Morgan Freeman Brock Peters Ted Lange Morgan Freeman Clarke Peters James Earl Jones
Boolie Werthan Ray Gill Stephen Root Fred Sanders Dan Aykroyd Barry Foster Boyd Gaines

Production history[edit]

Off-Broadway (1987–1990) The original Off-Broadway production was staged at Playwrights Horizons Studio Theatre on 42nd Street, opening on April 15, 1987.[4] Directed by Ron Lagomarsino, the role of Daisy was also played by Rochelle Oliver and Frances Sternhagen, replacing Dana Ivey.[5][6] It later transferred to the John Houseman Theatre, closing on June 3, 1990, with 1,195 performances.[7]

US.National Tours and Regional National Tours were launched starting in 1988. Julie Harris was the Daisy for the 1st National Tour. Rosemary Prinz also played the role in a second tour.[8][9]

The first production in Chicago was also a long-running production, originally starring Sada Thompson. Ellen Burstyn, Charlotte Rae, and Dorothy Loudon also played Miss Daisy as replacements.[10]

West End (1988) The play was produced in London's West End in 1988 at the Apollo Theatre.[11]

1992 Television cast In 1992, the play was filmed for television as a possible series. This production starred Joan Plowright as Miss Daisy, with Robert Guillaume as Hoke and Saul Rubinek as Boolie.[12]

Broadway (2010–2011) In October 2010, The play was staged for the first time on Broadway.[13]The play opened on October 25, 2010, at the John Golden Theatre; the run was later extended and Driving Miss Daisy closed on April 9, 2011,[14] after 20 previews and 180 performances. Maureen Anderman was Redgrave's understudy. It recouped its initial investment of $2.6 million on December 21, 2010, making it the first show of the 2010/2011 season to do so.[15] The show was the top-grossing Broadway play in the week ending January 16, 2011.[16]

West End revival (2011) The production played at the Wyndham's Theatre in London's West End with the same cast, beginning previews on September 26, 2011, opening on October 5, 2011, and closing on December 17, 2011. [17]

UK tour (2012–13) The show toured UK theatres from October 2012 until April 2013, starring Gwen Taylor, Don Warrington, and Ian Porter.[18]

Australian tour (2013) The Broadway production of Driving Miss Daisy toured Australia from February 9 to June 16, 2013, starring Angela Lansbury, James Earl Jones and Boyd Gaines.[19] This production was filmed and broadcast on PBS Great Performances.[20][21]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1987 Obie Award Best Performance Dana Ivey Won
1988 Outer Circle Critics Award Best Off-Broadway Play Won
Best Actress in a Play Dana Ivey Won
Best Director Ron Lagomarsino Won
Pulitzer Prize Drama Won
2011 Tony Award Best Actress in a Play Vanessa Redgrave Nominated

Film adaptation[edit]

Main article: Driving Miss Daisy

Uhry adapted his play into the screenplay for a 1989 film of the same name starring Jessica Tandy, Morgan Freeman and Dan Aykroyd. All three actors were nominated for Academy Awards, with Tandy winning the Academy Award for Best Actress. The film received nine nominations total, and won the Academy Award for Best Picture. Uhry also won an Academy Award for his screenplay.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Drama" pulitzer.org, accessed November 8, 2015
  2. ^ Uhry Interview accessed 11/23/2016
  3. ^ "Hall of Fame Honorees. Alfred Uhry" georgiawritershalloffame.org, 2014, accessed November 8, 2015
  4. ^ Uhry, Alfred. Driving Miss Daisy, p. 4, Dramatists Play Service, Inc.
  5. ^ Gussow, Mel. "Stage. Driving Miss Daisy New York Times, April 16, 1997
  6. ^ Driving Miss Daisy playwrightshorizons.org, accessed November 8, 2015
  7. ^ Brantley, Ben. "Stooped and a Bit Slow, but Still Standing Tall", The New York Times, October 25, 2010.
  8. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1990/01/14/nyregion/theater-julie-harris-makes-miss-daisy-her-own.html
  9. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=Y68DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA58&lpg=PA58&dq=frances+sternhagen+driving+miss+daisy&source=bl&ots=Hcb3gRvbiT&sig=5SghJj1rGgnXwbJH9m1Q9xGGbeU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi26fqqtsPQAhWExYMKHZWXC7MQ6AEISTAK#v=onepage&q=frances%20sternhagen%20driving%20miss%20daisy&f=false
  10. ^ http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1989-08-04/features/8901020028_1_daisy-werthan-hoke-coleburn-briar-street
  11. ^ "Driving Miss Daisy coming to Dundas Theatre". Bahama Islands. June 19, 2008.
  12. ^ http://articles.baltimoresun.com/1992-08-21/features/1992234026_1_pilot-driving-miss-miss-daisy
  13. ^ "Rave reviews for Vanessa Redgrave, 'sassy' at 73 after year of family heartbreak". London Evening Standard. October 26, 2010.
  14. ^ Healy, Patrick, "Driving Ms. Redgrave Through a Reluctant Conversation", The New York Times, February 15, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011
  15. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Driving Miss Daisy Recoups Investment" playbill.com, December 21, 2010.
  16. ^ Samelson, Judy. "Chart Toppers: Top-Grossing Broadway Productions, Week of January 10–16". Playblog. January 21, 2011.
  17. ^ "Driving Miss Daisy to Park in London in Fall 2011" by Robert Viagas, Playbill, 12 June 2011
  18. ^ "Driving Miss Daisy tours UK with Gwen Taylor & Don Warrington" by Stephanie Soh, whatsonstage.com, 12 June 2012
  19. ^ Gans, Andrew. Gaines Will Join James Earl Jones and "Angela Lansbury for Driving Miss Daisy in Australia" Playbill, October 12, 2012
  20. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Stage Version of Driving Miss Daisy, Starring Angela Lansbury and James Earl Jones, Filmed for Distribution" Playbill, January 24, 2014
  21. ^ "Driving Miss Daisy pbs.org, accessed November 8, 2015

External links[edit]