Driving licence in Malaysia

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Malaysian driving licence
Lesen memandu Malaysia
Hezery99-Malaysian driver's license.jpg
Malaysia Driving Licence (Back).jpg
Competent driving licence in Malaysia
TypeDriving licence
Issued byMalaysia Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan.svg Road Transport Department Malaysia
Vocational Licence

A driving licence is required in Malaysia before a person is allowed to drive a motor vehicle of any description on a road in Malaysia under the Road Transport Act 1987, section 26(1). Under section 26(1) of the Road Transport Act, an individual must possess a valid driving licence before being permitted to drive on the road, or can be prosecuted under section 26(2). Upon conviction, the miscreant is liable to fines or jail or both. Driving licence holders are subject to all traffic rules stated in the Road Transport Act 1987.[1]

Types of driving licence[edit]

Type Notes
Learner's Driving Licence (LDL) Possessed by learners in driving schools. They must first attend a 6 hour of KPP01 or known as Safety Driving Theory, then a Section I examination or Road Laws and Safety Driving. Starting September 2014, LDL licence is issued after the candidate of Section I examination pass their exam without needs to attend Safety Driving Learning Class. Licence holders are only permitted to drive cars displaying the L plate owned by driving schools under the supervision of a driving school instructor. For motorcycle learner's licence holders, they are permitted to ride a motorcycle without a pillion. The learner's licence may be renewed every 3 or 6 months but the licence cannot be possessed for more than 2 years. After the 2 years due date, the licence holders may go to Road Transportation Department (JPJ) to attend of KPP01.[2]
Probationary Driving Licence (PDL) Possessed by new drivers who have passed all the driving lesson procedures and tests. Holders also need to ensure to bring along driving licence when driving. New drivers are subject to the 20-point Road Safety System (KEJARA) demerit point system, where points will be deducted according to the types of traffic infractions. licence will be revoked after a probationary licence holder accumulates 20 demerit points.[3] Probationary drivers are required to display the probationary licence plate (marked with white capital P in square red background) at the front and back of their respective vehicles. A probationary licence may be upgraded to a full competent driving licence after 2 years, and a grace period of 1 year is given to upgrading the licence before the licence holder may need to restart the whole driving lesson procedures.[4]
Competent Driving Licence (CDL) A full-fledged driving licence being upgraded from the probationary licence after 2 years. A competent driving licence may be renewed after every 1, 2, 3 or 5 years. A grace period of 3 years is given to renew the license before the licence holder may need to restart the whole driving lesson procedures.[4] If the competent driving licence (CDL) holder for one licence class wants to add another driving licence class, he or she does not have to undergo a probationary driving license (PDL) period again.
Vocational Licence The Vocational Licence consists of three types which are GDL, PSV , and Conductor. Goods Driving Licence (GDL) a licence to drive any commercially registered vehicle used for transporting goods such as Rigid Lorries, Articulated Lorries, Panel Vans and other vehicles. Public Service Vehicle (PSV) is another type of vocational licence that allows the holder to drive any commercial vehicle used for paying passengers such as Taxis, Window Van and Buses. Starting July 12, 2019 ride-hailing drivers (eg Grab, Uber) must apply for (PSV - Taxi/E-hailing) licence. The vocational licence must be accompanied with the holder's competent driving licence (CDL) and should have the classes of licence that is equivalent to his or her competent driving licence (CDL). Only applicants with Malaysian nationality or permanent resident with age not less than 21 years old and have a satisfactory level of health are allowed to apply for vocational licence.[5] The renewal period allowed is 1 year only and applicants must submit their medical report each time they want to renew. If the vocational licence expires more than 3 years, applicants need to redo the test.

Classes of driving licence[edit]

The following classes are printed on the new high security driving licence:

Class Description Minimum age Notes
A Invalid Carriage (Motorcycle) unladen weight not exceeding 450 kg 16 The applicant must submit a health check form for the application for a driving licence for disabled persons who have obtained the qualification verification to apply for a driving licence from a medical officer in a government health clinic as prescribed by the Ministry of Health.
A1 Invalid Carriage (Motorcar) unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg 17
B Motorcycle exceeding 500 cc 16
B1 Motorcycle not exceeding 500 cc
B2 Motorcycle not exceeding 250 cc
C Three-Wheeled Motorcycle
D Motor Car unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg 17
DA Motor Car Without Clutch Pedal unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg
E Heavy Motor Car unladen weight exceeding 7500 kg 21 Have been holding class D (CDL) for at least one year.
E1 Heavy Motor Car unladen weight not exceeding 7500 kg
E2 Heavy Motor Car unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg
F Tractor/Mobile Machinery Light (Wheeled) unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg 21
G Tractor/Mobile Machinery Light (Tracked) unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg
H Tractor/Mobile Machinery Heavy (Wheeled) unladen weight exceeding 5000 kg
I Tractor/Mobile Machinery Heavy (Tracked) unladen weight exceeding 5000 kg
M Court Conviction

Vocational licence types and classes:

Type Class Description
GDL B2 Motorcycle <= 250 cc
Motorrad aus Zusatzzeichen 1046-12.svg
GDL B Motorcycle > 500 cc
Motorrad aus Zusatzzeichen 1046-12.svg
GDL D Unladen weight <= 3500 kg
Sinnbild LKW.svg
GDL E Unladen weight > 7500 kg (Heavy Rigid)
Sinnbild LKW.svg
GDL E Unladen weight > 7500 kg (Articulated)
LKW mit Aufleger aus Zusatzzeichen 1048-14.svg
PSV D Taxi/ Luxury Taxi/ E-hailing
PKW aus Zusatzzeichen 1048-10.svg
PSV D Minibus/Van (Light Motor Car)
Light commercial van symbol.svg
PSV E Bus unladen weight > 7500 kg
BSicon BUS.svg

Road Safety System (KEJARA)[edit]

This system is applicable to both Probationary and Competent driving licences. This system was introduced to:

  • i - Reduce accident rates.
  • ii - To raise awareness of road safety towards all drivers.
  • iii - Ensure all drivers to always obey the traffic laws.
  • iv - Raise disciplined, responsible and cognizant drivers on the road.
  • v - Take legal actions towards any drivers whom had breached the laws.

Driving licence suspension system:

Accumulated demerit points Penalty Endorsement
The first 20 points Warning Points eliminated
The next 20 points 6 to 8 months suspension Points eliminated
The next 20 points 8 to 10 months suspension Points eliminated
The next 20 points 10 to 12 months suspension Points eliminated

Drivers whose licence has been suspended three times in a period of five years will have their driving licence revoked and are not allowed to drive or receive a driver’s licence for 12 months from the date of the licence was revoked.[6]

Road penalties associated with KEJARA demerit points:

All vehicles other than buses and goods transporters Goods transporters and buses Offence
10 points 10 points Driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics.
10 points 10 points Driving with a blood alcohol level beyond the set limit.
10 points 10 points Reckless and dangerous driving
10 points 10 points Failure to provide breath specimen when directed
10 points 10 points Failure to provide breath, urine or blood specimen when directed
n/a 10 points Carrying dangerous or potentially dangerous loads
n/a 10 points Carrying loads that extend beyond the body of the vehicle
n/a 10 points Carrying an improperly secured load
n/a 10 points Carrying a load using an unsuitable transporter
4 points 5 points Failure to obey a police officer, road official or traffic warden's instructions
4 points 6 points Failure to observe a red light
4 points 6 points Failure to observe a stop sign
4 points 6 points Speeding:More than 40 km/h over limit
3 points 5 points Speeding:Between 25 km/h and 40 km/h over limit
2 points 4 points Speeding:Between 1 km/h and 25 km/h over limit
n/a 6 points Overloading
n/a 6 points Using a goods transporter as a people carrier
4 points 6 points Improper use of emergency lane
4 points 6 points Overtaking on the left
3 points 5 points Failure to yield
3 points 5 points Using a telephone or electronic device while driving
n/a 4 points Operating a goods transporter on the rightmost lane
3 points 3 points Failure to wear a safety belt
2 points 2 points Riding without an approved safety helmet
5 points n/a Failing to bring driving licence along. (Learner & Probationary)
10 points n/a Failing to display the P stickers on vehicle. (Probationary)

Conversion of driving licence[edit]

Foreigners holding driving licences from countries with signatories to any treaty or agreement with Malaysia may apply for conversion of driving licence.[7] Refer to section 28 of Road Transport Act, foreigners from ASEAN member countries only need to possess a valid driving licence to drive in Malaysia.[8][1] From 2018 until December 2020 this process was stopped. One needs apply for an international driving license or enroll at a driving school to get a valid license. But from 31 December 2020, all the foreigner can convert their driving license. To know the process follow the JPJ website Malaysia.


  1. ^ a b "Akta Pengangkutan Jalan" [Road Transport Act].  No. 333 of 1987 (PDF) (in Malay).
  2. ^ Lesen Belajar Memandu (LDL) saya telah tamat tempoh melebihi 2 tahun. Adakah saya masih boleh memperbaharuinya bagi membolehkan saya duduki ujian praktikal?[permanent dead link] (in Malay) - FAQ from Malaysian Road Transport Department Website.
  3. ^ http://www.jpj.gov.my/en/web/main-site/kejara Archived October 10, 2018, at the Wayback Machine (in Malay) - from the official page of Malaysian Road Transport Department.
  4. ^ a b Lesen Memandu - Berapa lamakah tempoh lesen memandu tamat jika saya tidak memperbaharuinya?[permanent dead link] (in Malay) - FAQ from Malaysian Road Transport Department Website.
  5. ^ https://www.jpj.gov.my/en/web/main-site/driving-license
  6. ^ "Kejara". Road Transport Department Malaysia. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  7. ^ "JPJ: Convert your foreign driving licence to a Malaysian one from tomorrow". malay mail. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Agreement on the Recognition of Domestic Driving Licenses Issued By ASEAN Countries". Kuala Lumpur. 9 July 1985.

External links[edit]