Driving licence in Malaysia
|Malaysian driving licence |
Lesen memandu Malaysia
Competent driving licence in Malaysia
|Issued by||Road Transport Department Malaysia|
A driving licence is required in Malaysia before a person is allowed to drive a motor vehicle of any description on a road in Malaysia under the Road Transport Act 1987, section 26(1). Under section 26(1) of the Road Transport Act, an individual must possess a valid driving licence before being permitted to drive on the road, or can be prosecuted under section 26(2). Upon conviction, the miscreant is liable to fines or jail or both. Driving licence holders are subject to all traffic rules stated in the Road Transport Act 1987.
Types of driving licence
|Learner's Driving Licence (LDL)||Possessed by learners in driving schools. They must first attend a 6 hour of KPP01 or known as Safety Driving Theory, then a Section I examination or Road Laws and Safety Driving. Starting September 2014, LDL licence is issued after the candidate of Section I examination pass their exam without needs to attend Safety Driving Learning Class. Licence holders are only permitted to drive cars displaying the L plate owned by driving schools under the supervision of a driving school instructor. For motorcycle learner's licence holders, they are permitted to ride a motorcycle without a pillion. The learner's licence may be renewed every 3 or 6 months but the licence cannot be possessed for more than 2 years. After the 2 years due date, the licence holders may go to Road Transportation Department (JPJ) to attend of KPP01.|
|Probationary Driving Licence (PDL)||Possessed by new drivers who have passed all the driving lesson procedures and tests. Holders also need to ensure to bring along driving licence when driving. New drivers are subject to the 20-point Road Safety System (KEJARA) demerit point system, where points will be deducted according to the types of traffic infractions. licence will be revoked after a probationary licence holder accumulates 20 demerit points. Probationary drivers are required to display the probationary licence plate (marked with white capital P in square red background) at the front and back of their respective vehicles. A probationary licence may be upgraded to a full competent driving licence after 2 years, and a grace period of 1 year is given to upgrading the licence before the licence holder may need to restart the whole driving lesson procedures.|
|Competent Driving Licence (CDL)||A full-fledged driving licence being upgraded from the probationary licence after 2 years. A competent driving licence may be renewed after every 1, 2, 3 or 5 years. A grace period of 3 years is given to renew the license before the licence holder may need to restart the whole driving lesson procedures. If the competent driving licence (CDL) holder for one licence class wants to add another driving licence class, he or she does not have to undergo a probationary driving license (PDL) period again.|
|Vocational Licence||The Vocational Licence consists of three types which are GDL, PSV , and Conductor. Goods Driving Licence (GDL) a licence to drive any commercially registered vehicle used for transporting goods such as Rigid Lorries, Articulated Lorries, Panel Vans and other vehicles. Public Service Vehicle (PSV) is another type of vocational licence that allows the holder to drive any commercial vehicle used for paying passengers such as Taxis, Window Van and Buses. Starting July 12, 2019 ride-hailing drivers (eg Grab, Uber) must apply for (PSV - Taxi/E-hailing) licence. Vocational licence must be accompanied with holder's competent driving licence (CDL) and should have the classes of licence that is equivalent to his or her competent driving licence (CDL). Only applicants with Malaysian nationality and permanent resident are allowed to apply for vocational licence. Renewal period allowed is 1 year only and applicants must submit their medical report each time they want to renew. If vocational licence expires more than 3 years, applicants need to redo the test.|
Classes of driving licence
The following classes are printed on the new high security driving licence:
|A||Invalid Carriage (Motorcycle) unladen weight not exceeding 450 kg||16||The applicant must submit a health check form for the application for a driving licence for disabled persons who have obtained the qualification verification to apply for a driving licence from a medical officer in a government health clinic as prescribed by the Ministry of Health.|
|A1||Invalid Carriage (Motorcar) unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg||17|
|B||Motorcycle exceeding 500 cc||16|
|B1||Motorcycle not exceeding 500 cc|
|B2||Motorcycle not exceeding 250 cc|
|D||Motor Car unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg||17|
|DA||Motor Car Without Clutch Pedal unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg|
|E||Heavy Motor Car unladen weight exceeding 7500 kg||21||Have been holding class D (CDL) for at least one year.|
|E1||Heavy Motor Car unladen weight exceeding not 7500 kg|
|E2||Heavy Motor Car unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg|
|F||Tractor/Mobile Machinery Light (Wheeled) unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg||21|
|G||Tractor/Mobile Machinery Light (Tracked) unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg|
|H||Tractor/Mobile Machinery Heavy (Wheeled) unladen weight exceeding 5000 kg|
|I||Tractor/Mobile Machinery Heavy (Tracked) unladen weight exceeding 5000 kg|
The classes A1 and DA are new additions, while classes A and D have been redefined.
Vocational licence types and classes:
|GDL||E||unladen weight > 7500 KG (Articulated)|
|GDL||E||unladen weight > 7500 KG (Heavy Rigid)|
|GDL||D||unladen weight <= 3500 KG|
|GDL||B||Motorcycle > 500 cc|
|GDL||B2||Motorcycle <= 250 cc|
|PSV||D||Taxi/ Luxury Taxi/ E-hailing|
|PSV||D||Minibus/Van (Light Motor Car)|
|PSV||E||Bus unladen weight > 7500KG|
Road Safety System (KEJARA)
This system is applicable to both Probationary and Competent driving licences. This system was introduced to:
- i - Reduce accident rates.
- ii - To raise awareness of road safety towards all drivers.
- iii - Ensure all drivers to always obey the traffic laws.
- iv - Raise disciplined, responsible and cognizant drivers on the road.
- v - Take legal actions towards any drivers whom had breached the laws.
Driving licence suspension system:
|Accumulated demerit points||Penalty||Endorsement|
|20 points or more||Warning||Points eliminated|
|40 points or more||6 to 8 months suspension||Points eliminated|
|60 points or more||8 to 10 months suspension||Points eliminated|
|80 points or more||10 to 12 months suspension||Points eliminated|
Drivers whose licence has been suspended three times in a period of five years will have their driving licence revoked and are not allowed to drive or receive a driver’s licence for 12 months from the date of the licence was revoked.
Road penalties associated with KEJARA demerit points:
|All vehicles other than buses and goods transporters||Goods transporters and buses||Offence|
|10 points||10 points||Driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics.|
|10 points||10 points||Driving with a blood alcohol level beyond the set limit.|
|10 points||10 points||Reckless and dangerous driving|
|10 points||10 points||Failure to provide breath specimen when directed|
|10 points||10 points||Failure to provide breath, urine or blood specimen when directed|
|n/a||10 points||Carrying dangerous or potentially dangerous loads|
|n/a||10 points||Carrying loads that extend beyond the body of the vehicle|
|n/a||10 points||Carrying an improperly secured load|
|n/a||10 points||Carrying a load using an unsuitable transporter|
|4 points||5 points||Failure to obey a police officer, road official or traffic warden's instructions|
|4 points||6 points||Failure to observe a red light|
|4 points||6 points||Failure to observe a stop sign|
|4 points||6 points||Speeding:More than 40 km/h over limit|
|3 points||5 points||Speeding:Between 25 km/h and 40 km/h over limit|
|2 points||4 points||Speeding:Between 1 km/h and 25 km/h over limit|
|n/a||6 points||Using a goods transporter as a people carrier|
|4 points||6 points||Improper use of emergency lane|
|4 points||6 points||Overtaking on the left|
|3 points||5 points||Failure to yield|
|3 points||5 points||Using a telephone or electronic device while driving|
|n/a||4 points||Operating a goods transporter on the rightmost lane|
|3 points||3 points||Failure to wear a safety belt|
|2 points||2 points||Riding without an approved safety helmet|
|5 points||n/a||Failing to bring driving licence along. (Learner & Probationary)|
|10 points||n/a||Failing to display the P stickers on vehicle. (Probationary)|
Conversion of driving licence
Foreigners holding driving licences from countries with signatories to any treaty or agreement with Malaysia may apply for conversion of driving licence. Refer to section 28 of Road Transport Act, foreigners from ASEAN member countries only need to possess a valid driving licence to drive in Malaysia. As of 2018 this is no longer valid. One needs apply for an international driving license or enroll at a driving school to get a valid license.
- "Akta Pengangkutan Jalan" [Road Transport Act]. No. 333 of 1987 (PDF) (in Malay).
- Lesen Belajar Memandu (LDL) saya telah tamat tempoh melebihi 2 tahun. Adakah saya masih boleh memperbaharuinya bagi membolehkan saya duduki ujian praktikal?[permanent dead link] (in Malay) - FAQ from Malaysian Road Transport Department Website.
-  Archived October 10, 2018, at the Wayback Machine (in Malay) - from the official page of Malaysian Road Transport Department.
- Lesen Memandu - Berapa lamakah tempoh lesen memandu tamat jika saya tidak memperbaharuinya?[permanent dead link] (in Malay) - FAQ from Malaysian Road Transport Department Website.
- - Motor Vehicles (Driving Licence) (Amendment) 2013
- "Kejara". Road Transport Department Malaysia. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- "JPJ: Convert your foreign driving licence to a Malaysian one from tomorrow". malay mail. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- "Agreement on the Recognition of Domestic Driving Licenses Issued By ASEAN Countries". Kuala Lumpur. 9 July 1985.