Dromore, County Tyrone

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Not to be confused with Dromore, County Down.
Dromore
Irish: Droim Mór
Dromore - geograph.org.uk - 304310.jpg
Dromore is located in Northern Ireland
Dromore
 Dromore shown within Northern Ireland
Population 1,258 (2008 estimate)
Irish grid reference H349628
   – Belfast 76 mi (122 km)  
District Omagh
County County Tyrone
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town OMAGH
Postcode district BT78
Dialling code 028, +44 28
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament West Tyrone
NI Assembly West Tyrone
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone

Coordinates: 54°30′48″N 7°27′32″W / 54.513309°N 7.458858°W / 54.513309; -7.458858

Dromore (Irish: An Droim Mor (the large ridge)[1]) is a village, townland and civil parish in County Tyrone, Ireland. It is situated nine miles (15 km) south west of Omagh on the A32 and sixteen miles (26 km) from Enniskillen. Its population as of 2008 is estimated to be 1,258. Agriculture and the building trades are the primary sources of employment in the town. It is situated within the Omagh District Council area.

History[edit]

In 1838 Dromore, in the Parish and Barony of Omagh, was described as a poor town in hilly and bleak country which stretched far around, yet the arable lands were for the most part good. The population of the town was 480 in 1831, and 551 in 1841.

The town was originally built in 1757 when the then Lord of the manor, William Hamilton, of Aughlish House gave a grant of the townland of Mullinacross, now called Dromore, to two families - Stewart and Humphreys. The town at that time consisted of only four houses. The original name of the townland is derived from an ancient stone cross which formerly stood on the top of the hill overlooking the town, and near to where the Cistercian Abbey was located. This abbey which was destroyed by a fire in 1690 is said to have been built on the site of a nunnery founded by Saint Patrick for Saint Cettumbria, the first Irish female who received the veil from his hands. In the village, still to be seen, are the ivy-clad remains of a Protestant church built in 1694.

During the Irish Rebellion of 1798, when Lord Blayney came to Tyrone, as Dromore was principally inhabited by rebels, he set it on fire and burned some of the houses, but owing to the exertions of Captain Charles Muirhead, Lieutenant James Alexander and the Rev. Benjamin Marshall the balance of the town was saved from destruction.

In the area around Dromore are to be found a number of ancient earthen forts. At Dullaghan about four miles to the northwest is a Druid's Altar - a small roofless chamber tomb. A tannery was known to have existed in the village.

In the Dromore Parish at least nine locations of Mass Rocks are known. During the times of the Penal Laws certain "Mass Gardens" were located in the district where the local parishioners met in seclusion to celebrate Mass. It is said that Lord Belmore, who owned considerable property around Dromore, was so impressed with the devotion of the congregation at one of these gatherings, which he came across one day by chance, that he made available a piece of ground for the erection of a church. This is where the Catholic Church of Dromore now stands.

Townlands of Dromore[edit]

Early Irish ancestors gave us the vast bulk of the local placenames we use to this day, especially our townland names. The words in Irish for hill (druim, cnoc, cor, iomaire, mullan, tulach) predominate. The name "Dromore" (Droim Mor) itself means "the great ridge". The word "meen" (found in Meenagowan and Meenagar) shows the wet, healthy nature of much of the land. Dromore parish consists of over sixty townlands; roughly elliptical in shape, it is bounded on the north by Drumquin, on the south by Trillick, on the west by Ederney and on the east by Omagh and Fintona.

Nowadays, townland names in particular are under threat owing to a new computerised system of addresses for rural homes, a system suited to areas in Great Britain where townlands do not exist. Roads are now to be given arbitrary names by administrators who do not possess a deep knowledge of the area, attaching arbitrary house numbers to them. For example, the former Corbally Road is to be known as 'St. Dympnas Road', on the specious argument that St. Dympna's Catholic Church is situated near it. This inevitably has met considerable opposition with local residents who value of these ancient names as badges of personal identification, and many will continue to use them to preserve the ancient names for future generations and residents.[2]

Demography[edit]

19th century population[edit]

The population of Dromore village increased slightly overall during the 19th century:[3][4]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 551 581 579 641 625 574
Houses 117 110 131 125 138 131

21st century population[edit]

Dromore is classified as a village by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 1,000 and 2,250 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 1,101 people living in Dromore. Of these:

  • 24.8% were aged under 16 years and 17.7% were aged 60 and over
  • 50.3% of the population were male and 49.7% were female
  • 85.1% were from a Catholic background and 14.1% were from a Protestant background
  • 7.6% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

Sport[edit]

Dromore townland[edit]

The townland is situated in the historic barony of Omagh East and the civil parish of Dromore and covers an area of 157 acres.[5]

The population of the townland (excluding Dromore village) declined during the 19th century:[3][6]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 27 28 - - - 12
Houses 5 7 - - - 3

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[7]

Climate data for Dromore
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
17
(63)
13
(55)
10
(50)
8
(46)
13
(55.3)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
2
(36)
3
(37)
4
(39)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
9
(48)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(35)
6.3
(43.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 109
(4.3)
80
(3)
79
(3.1)
74
(2.9)
64
(2.5)
61
(2.4)
74
(2.9)
79
(3.1)
74
(2.9)
109
(4.3)
99
(3.9)
132
(5.2)
1,034
(40.5)
Source: Weatherbase [8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dromore". Place Names Ireland. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Dromore Community Website - Townland Names.". Dromore Community Website. Archived from the original on 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Dromore
  8. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on July 12, 2013.

External links[edit]