|Song by The Who|
|from the album Quadrophenia|
|Released||October 19, 1973|
|Recorded||May 1972 and June 1973, Olympic Studios, London (except "The Kitchen" in Battersea, London in Ronnie Lane's Mobile Studio)|
|Genre||Rock, hard rock|
|Producer(s)||The Who, Kit Lambert, Glyn Johns|
|Quadrophenia track listing|
Lyrics and music
Music critic Chris Charlesworth describes "Drowned" as a "tough blues-based rocker." He states that the band loved to play it live since it was less complex than other songs from Quadrophenia. Rolling Stone critic Dave Marsh describes the song as among the most interesting on the album. Who biographer John Atkins views the song as having "such purity of essence" that it may be the "quintessential Quadrophenia performance." He describes it as being "simple and direct" without needed "cleverness," dramatic musical effects or complex arrangements."
The oldest song featuring on Quadrophenia ("Joker James", though hailing from the Tommy era, did not feature on the album), "Drowned" was initially written as an ode to Meher Baba in early 1970. Townshend sang it facing the tomb of Meher Baba on his first visit to India in January 1972.
"When the tragic hero of Q[uadrophenia] sings it, it is desperate and nihilistic. In fact, it's a love song, God's love being the ocean and our 'selves' being the drops of water that make it up. Meher Baba said, 'I am the Ocean of Love.' I want to drown in that ocean, the 'drop' will then be an ocean itself."— Pete Townshend
In Quadrophenia, "Drowned" tells of how Jimmy contemplates drowning himself in the water, in the midst of his disappointment at not being able to see his hero, Ace the Face. At the end, seagulls, crowd noises and waves can be heard, along with Pete Townshend walking along singing the sixth verse of "Sea and Sand". Mike Segretto interprets the water in the song as a metaphor for God and the song itself as a metaphor for the search for spirituality, or the "quest for a tributary leading to God." Steve Grantley and Alan G. Parker interpret the song similarly. According to them, in the song Jimmy sees the ocean "as a symbol of cleansing redemption." Atkins interprets the song as representing the "freedom of release," both in the lyrics and in the music. Atkins also notes that in the song Jimmy adopts a "wider philosophy than mod conformism," which is his objective through much of the album.
The piano part was borrowed from the song "Hitchcock Railway" by Joe Cocker. Charlesworth praises Chris Stainton's "great piano work." This piano part gives "Drowned" a similar feel to that of "5.15," on which Stainton also played.
In an amazing coincidence, the studio that "Drowned" was recorded in was flooded just after the song was recorded.
when recording this song it rained so hard in Battersea where our studio is that the walls were flowing with sheets of water. Chris Stainton played piano in a booth and when the take was finished he opened the door and about 500 gallons gushed out! Another glorious coincidence.
"Drowned" is one of the most performed songs by the Who from Quadrophenia, being played throughout their tours, and because it required no backing tapes, it was often performed as a full band jam. Though Roger Daltrey sings on the album cut and the original Quadrophenia tours, Pete Townshend took up lead vocals after the death of Keith Moon and Daltrey played harmonica. From the 1996-97 tours to 2012, it was played as an acoustic-guitar-only solo performance by Townshend. The 2012-2013 Quadrophenia and More tour featured a full band arrangement of "Drowned" with Townshend on lead vocals.
The Who albums and videos featuring "Drowned"
In order of release;
- Thirty Years of Maximum R&B Live
- Live at the Royal Albert Hall/The Who & Special Guests: Live at the Royal Albert Hall
- Tommy and Quadrophenia Live
- Live from Toronto
- Quadrophenia Live in London
The jam band Phish covered "Drowned" and the rest of Quadrophenia at their Halloween 1995 concert, which can be heard on Live Phish Volume 14. "Drowned" and the song "Sea and Sand" are also on their live album New Year's Eve 1995 – Live at Madison Square Garden, and Phish have played an extended version of "Drowned" in several of their concerts since.
- The Who
- Roger Daltrey – lead vocals
- Pete Townshend – lead vocals in live performances, lead and rhythm guitars, sound effects
- John Entwistle – bass guitar, brass
- Keith Moon – drums, percussion
- Charlesworth, C. (1995). The Complete Guide to the Music of the Who. Omnibus Press. p. 54. ISBN 0711943060.
- Marsh, D. (1983). Before I Get Old. St. Martin's Press. p. 416. ISBN 0312071558.
- Atkins, John (2000). The Who on Record: A Critical History, 1963-1998. MacFarland. pp. 181–182, 203–204. ISBN 9781476606576.
- Cady, Brian. "'Quadrophenia' liner notes". The Hypertext Who. Archived from the original on 2010-07-02.
- Grantley, S. & Parker, A.G. (2010). The Who by Numbers. Helter Skelter Publishing. p. 115. ISBN 9781905139262.
- Segretto, M. (2014). The Who FAQ. Backbeat Books. pp. 67, 192, 337. ISBN 9781480361034.