Dru Drury

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Dru Drury
Drury Dru 1725-1803.png
From Jardine's The Naturalist's Library
Born 4 February 1724
Wood Street, London, England
Died 15 December 1803(1803-12-15) (aged 79)
Turnham Green, London, England
Spouse(s) Esther Pedley

Dru Drury (4 February 1724[1] – 15 December 1803) was a British entomologist.


He was born in Wood Street, London. His father was a silversmith, and Dru took over the business in 1748. He retired as a silversmith in 1789 to devote his time entirely to entomology. Drury had a keen interest in the subject already, and was the president of the Society of Entomologists of London from 1780 to 1782. He became ill and moved in 1801 to Turnham Green hoping to improve his heath, but died of stone two years later and was buried at St. Martin-in-the-Fields. He was a personal friend of the Danish entomologist Johan Christian Fabricius.

From 1770 to 1787, he published the three-volume Illustrations of Natural History, Wherein are Exhibited Upwards of 240 Figures of Exotic Insects, which was later revised and republished under the title Illustrations of Exotic Entomology in 1837.

Drury was also a prolific collector—his collection comprised over 11,000 specimens:

there may be in Holland collections more numerous, having in many instances a great number of a single species, yet no collection abounds with such a wonderful variety in all the different genera as this. All the specimens of which it is composed, are in the highest and most exquisite state of preservation, such an extensive collection can be supposed to be, and a very considerable number are unique, such as are not to be found in any other Cabinet whatever, and of considerable value; many of which, coming from countries exceedingly unhealthy, where the collectors, in procuring them, have perished by the severity of the climate, give but little room to expect any duplicate will ever be obtained during the present age; and the learned quotations that have been taken from it by those celebrated authors Linnaeus and Fabricius, in all their late editions, are incontestable proofs of the high degrees of estimation they entertained of it.

— From a printed circular which Drury distributed with a view to the sale of the collection in 1788


  1. ^ St Alban Wood Street, Register of Baptisms

External links[edit]


  • Evenhuis, N.L. 1997. Litteratura Taxonomica Dipterorum. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers. 209-212
  • Gilbert, P. 2000: Butterfly Collectors and Painters. Four Centuries of Colour Plates from the Library Collections of the Natural History Museum, London. Singapore, Beaumont Publishing Pte Ltd : X+166 S. 27-28, Portr., 88-89, 140-141, 148-149: Lep.Tafel
  • Griffin, F. J. 1940: Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London (A) 15 49-68
  • Haworth, A. H. 1807 Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1 33-34
  • Heppner, J. B. 1982 Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36(2) 87-111 (Sep. Heppner)
  • Jardine, W. (B.) 1842 The Naturalist's Library 13 17-71, Portr.
  • Leach, W. E. 1815 Brewster, Edinburgh Encyclopaedia 9 66
  • Noblett, B. 1985 Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists' Society 44(349) 170-178, Portr.
  • Osborn, H. 1952: A Brief History of Entomology Including Time of Demosthenes and Aristotle to Modern Times with over Five Hundred Portraits Columbus, Ohio, The Spahr & Glenn Company : 1-303.
  • Salmon, M. A. 2000 The Aurelian Legacy. British Butterflies and their Collectors. - Martins, Great Horkesley : Harley Books : 1-432

Illustrations of Exotic Entomology[edit]